A state fair is an annual competitive and recreational gathering of a U.S. state's population, usually held in late summer or early fall. It is a larger version of a county fair, often including only exhibits or competitors that have won in their categories at the more-local county fairs.
State fairs began in the nineteenth century for the purpose of promoting state agriculture, through competitive exhibitions of livestock and display of farm products. As the U.S. evolved from a predominantly agrarian to an industrial society in the twentieth century, modern state fairs have expanded to include carnival amusement rides and games, display of industrial products, automobile racing, and entertainment such as musical concerts. Large fairs can admit more than a million visitors over the course of a week or two. The first U.S. state fair was that of New York, held in 1841 in Syracuse, and has been held annually to the present year. The second state fair was in Detroit, Michigan, which ran from 1849[dead link] to 2009.[dead link][dead link]
Events similar to state fairs are also held annually in each state capital in Australia, known as Royal Shows. Australian Royal shows are organized by state agricultural and horticultural societies, and are described further in the agricultural show article.
List of state fairs
Provincial Exhibitions in Canada
A few annual exhibitions in the summer in Canada are similar to state fairs in the United States:
|Province||Fair Name||Location||Attendance (year)|
|Ontario||Canadian National Exhibition||Toronto||1,300,000 (2011)|
|British Columbia||Pacific National Exhibition||Vancouver||800,000 (2011)|
|Ontario||Ottawa SuperEX/Midway Magic at the Fair||Ottawa||422,095 (2009)|
|Ontario||Canadian Lakehead Exhibition||Thunder Bay|
|Alberta||Calgary Stampede||Calgary||1,409,371 (2012)|
|Manitoba||Red River Exhibition||Winnipeg||233,000 (2011)|
State and county fairs are famous for a variety of competitions that award ribbons. Awards are generally given according to the following scale:
- First place - blue ribbon
- Second place - red ribbon
- Third place - white ribbon
- Fourth place - yellow ribbon
- Fifth place - green ribbon
- Sixth place - orange ribbon
- Seventh place - purple ribbon
- Eighth place - brown ribbon
The largest attendance at a State Fair in the USA is in Texas attracting an estimated 3,000,000 people annually. The largest average per day attendance is at the Minnesota State Fair averaging over 150,000 people per day.
- Granholm cuts State Fair from budget
- It's official: State Fair a goner
- Michiganians struggle with loss of state fair
- The Future of the Michigan State Fair
- "Nevada State Fair ending after 136 years amid budget crunch". Associated Press. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- Waterson, James and Seymour, Rachel Anne. Pulling Up Stakes: East Texas State Fair Says Goodbye Until Next Year. Tyler Morning Telegraph, October 4th, 2010, p. 1A, 6A
- "Attendance Goes Over 304,000 Mark as Fair Finishes Another Great Run". Cental Washington State Fair. October 1, 2012. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
- "Northern WI State Fair Attendance" (Press release). Northern Wisconsin State Fair. July 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.