State of Independence

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Jon & Vangelis song. For the Homeland (TV series) episode, see State of Independence (Homeland).
"State of Independence"
cover of the 1984 reissue
Single by Jon & Vangelis
from the album The Friends of Mr Cairo
B-side "Beside"
Released 1981
Format 7" vinyl
Recorded 1981
Genre Electronica
Label Polydor
Writer(s) Music: Vangelis
Lyrics: Jon Anderson
Producer(s) Vangelis

"State of Independence" is a song written by Jon Anderson and Vangelis. Cover versions have been recorded by several artists and it has been a hit single on three occasions. The song is written in a reggae/calypso style and features an abstract spiritual lyric.

Originally recorded by Jon and Vangelis for their 1981 album The Friends of Mr Cairo, "State of Independence" was released as a single the same year but did not chart. The song subsequently became better known when Donna Summer released a cover version a year later in 1982, which became a Top Twenty UK single (and repeated the same feat fourteen years later when issued as a remixed version in 1996) and becoming a Number One hit in the Netherlands. In 1992, a third version of the song - retitled Spiritual High (State of Independence) - was recorded and released as a single by Moodswings (featuring Pretenders singer Chrissie Hynde as lead vocalist).

Original Jon and Vangelis version (and subsequent Anderson re-recordings)[edit]

Jon & Vangelis released "State of Independence" as a single in 1981, with "Beside" as the B-Side. It was re-released in 1984 and this version peaked at 67 in the UK Singles Chart.[1]

Jon Anderson recorded a new version of the song for his solo album Change We Must (1994) and a live acoustic version can be found on his Live from La La Land (2007). Anderson also released a live version with Yes bandmate Rick Wakeman as Anderson/Wakeman.

Personnel[edit]

Donna Summer version[edit]

"State of Independence"
Single by Donna Summer
from the album Donna Summer
B-side "Love Is Just a Breath Away"
Released 1982
Format 1982: 7" vinyl, 12" vinyl
1990: 7" vinyl, 12" vinyl
1996: 12" vinyl, CD
Recorded 1982
Length 5:50
Label 1982: Geffen (U.S.), Warner Bros. (Europe)
1990: Warner Bros.
1996: Manifesto/PolyGram
Writer(s) Music: Vangelis
Lyrics: Jon Anderson
Producer(s) Quincy Jones
Donna Summer singles chronology
"Love Is in Control (Finger on the Trigger)"
(1982)
"State of Independence"
(1982)
"I Feel Love (Patrick Cowley Remix)"
(1982)
1990 Reissue
Donna Summer singles chronology
"When Love Takes over You"
(1990)
"State of Independence"
(1990 Reissue)
(1990)
"Breakaway"
(1991)
The 1996 Remixes
Donna Summer singles chronology
"I Feel Love"
(The 1995 Remixes)
(1995)
"State of Independence"
(The 1996 Remixes)
(1996)
"Whenever There Is Love"
(1996)

Original cover version (and reissue)[edit]

Donna Summer covered "State of Independence" on her 1982 album Donna Summer produced by Quincy Jones. It was released as the follow-up to her hit single "Love Is in Control (Finger on the Trigger)" in 1982. This version was a non-starter in the US, missing the Top 40. It did much better in Europe, including a one-week stay at number one in the Dutch Top 40, making it Summer's second chart-topper in the Netherlands. Summer's version of the song features an all-star choir including among others Michael Jackson, Brenda Russell, James Ingram, Dionne Warwick, Kenny Loggins, Lionel Richie and Stevie Wonder, and featured Eric Clapton on guitar. Quincy Jones said it was a dress rehearsal for "We are the World", it was the first time a choir had been use in a coral setting in the studio.[citation needed] The single was reissued in Europe in 1990 following the released of the compilation album The Best of Donna Summer.

1996 remixes[edit]

Following the dance chart success of the 1995 remix of Donna Summer's "I Feel Love" (and clearly influenced by the 1992 Moodswings version) PolyGram issued a remixed version of Summer's recording of "State of Independence". The single, released both on 12" vinyl and CD on PolyGram's sublabel Manifesto, included mixes by Phil Ramocon, Sold Out, DJ Dero, Ralph Falcon & Oscar G, and Jules & Skins. It peaked at 13 on the UK Singles Chart in 1996, going one place higher than the original release, with the Dance mixes peaking at #1 in the UK Dance Music Charts. The Martin Luther King sample introduced by Eddie Gordon into the track was to emphasize the full independent meaning of the song as he understood it.

Chart performance[edit]

Chart (1982) Peak
position
US Billboard Pop Singles[2] 41
US Billboard Black Singles[2] 31
Australian Singles Chart 10
Dutch GfK chart[3] 3
Dutch Top 40 1
Irish Singles Chart[4] 10
UK Singles Chart[5] 14
Chart (1990) Peak
position
Dutch GfK chart[6] 69
UK Singles Chart[7] 45
Chart (1996) Peak
position
UK Singles Chart[8] 13
Chart (2012) Peak
Position
UK Singles Chart 143

Moodswings version[edit]

In 1992 the duo Moodswings released their album Moodfood (Arista), which scored a hit with a cover version of the single, retitled as "Spiritual High (State of Independence) Pt. II" with vocals by Chrissie Hynde (The Pretenders) and samples from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech. The single peaked at 47 in the UK Singles Chart.[9] Their version was later played during the closing credits on the soundtrack of Single White Female and it was also included on The Pretenders' Greatest Hits in 2000.

Other cover versions[edit]

Kate Ceberano recorded a live version as her closing number with the West Australian Symphony Orchestra in 2006. In 2011 Andrea Corr of the Corrs recorded several versions,[citation needed] including one that is on her 2011 solo album Lifelines.

The Art of Noise used a snippet of the song as the basis for the track 'Donna' on their debut EP, Into Battle With The Art of Noise. Having collaborated with Jon Anderson and Yes, it is likely that Art of Noise used the sample with personal permission.

Preceded by
"Private Investigations" by Dire Straits
Dutch Top 40 number-one single
October 30, 1982 (1982-10-30)
(Donna Summer version)
Succeeded by
"Pass the Dutchie" by Musical Youth

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chart Stats - Jon And Vangelis - State Of Independence". Retrieved 16 March 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "allmusic - Donna Summer > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". Retrieved March 17, 2009 (2009-03-17).  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ "dutchcharts.nl - Donna Summer - State Of Independence". Retrieved March 17, 2009. 
  4. ^ "irishcharts.ie search results". Retrieved March 17, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Chart Stats - Donna Summer - State Of Independence". Retrieved March 17, 2009. 
  6. ^ "dutchcharts.nl - Donna Summer - State Of Independence (New Bass Mix)". Retrieved March 18, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Chart Stats - Donna Summer - State Of Independence {1990}". Retrieved March 18, 2009 (2009-03-18).  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  8. ^ "Chart Stats - Donna Summer - State Of Independence {1996}". Retrieved March 18, 2009 (2009-03-18).  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  9. ^ "Chart Stats - Moodswings Featuring Chrissie Hynde - Spiritual High". Retrieved March 18, 2009. 

External links[edit]