State of Malta
|State of Malta|
|Stat ta’ Malta|
"Virtute et Constantia"
"[By] virtue and constancy"
The Malta Hymn
God Save the Queen
State of Malta in Dark Green.
|Queen of Malta|
|-||1964–1971||Maurice Henry Dorman|
|-||1971–1974||Anthony Joseph Mamo|
|-||1964–1971||George Borg Olivier|
|Historical era||Cold War|
|-||Independence||21 September 1964|
|-||Republic||13 December 1974|
|Currency||Pound Sterling (1964–1972)
Maltese Lira (1972–1974)
The State of Malta, known unofficially in common parlance as Malta, was a predecessor to modern-day Malta. It existed between 21 September 1964 and 13 December 1974, when Malta became a republic within the Commonwealth.
When British rule ended in 1964, the Malta Independence Act 1964 transformed the British Crown Colony of Malta into an independent sovereign Commonwealth realm; the British monarch, Elizabeth II, became Queen of Malta (Reġina ta' Malta). Malta shared the Sovereign with a number of other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Malta. The royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701.
The following governors-generals held office in Malta between 1964 and 1974:
- Sir Maurice Henry Dorman (21 September 1964 – 4 July 1971)
- Sir Anthony Mamo (4 July 1971 – 13 December 1974)
Elizabeth II visited Malta in 1967 (14–17 November). She also visited:
- 1954 (3–7 May)
- 1992 (8–10 May)
- 2005 (23–26 November)
- 2007 (20 November).
The monarchy was abolished and the Republic of Malta came into existence on 1 July 1974 on the promulgation of the 1974 constitution. Former Governor-General Sir Anthony Mamo became the first President of Malta.