State of Malta

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State of Malta
Stat ta’ Malta

Flag Coat of arms
"Virtute et Constantia"
"[By] virtue and constancy"
L-Innu Malti
The Malta Hymn
Royal anthem
God Save the Queen
Location of the State of Malta in Europe.
Capital Valletta
Languages English
Government Constitutional monarchy
Queen of Malta
 -  1964–1974 Elizabeth II
 -  1964–1971 Maurice Henry Dorman
 -  1971–1974 Anthony Joseph Mamo
Prime Minister
 -  1964–1971 George Borg Olivier
 -  1971–1974 Dom Mintoff
Historical era Cold War
 -  Independence 21 September 1964
 -  Republic 13 December 1974
Currency Pound Sterling (1964–1972)
Maltese Lira (1972–1974)

The State of Malta, sometimes known unofficially in common parlance as Malta, was a predecessor to modern-day Malta. It existed between 21 September 1964 and 13 December 1974.

When British rule ended in 1964, Malta was given independence as a Commonwealth realm; the British monarch became Queen of Malta (Reġina ta' Malta), and was represented in Malta by a governor-general. The Republic of Malta came into existence on 1 July 1974 on the promulgation of the 1974 constitution.

The following governors-generals held office in Malta between 1964 and 1974:

  1. Sir Maurice Henry Dorman (21 September 1964 – 4 July 1971)
  2. Sir Anthony Mamo (4 July 1971 – 13 December 1974)

The following held office as prime minister (and head of government) of the State of Malta during this period:

  1. George Borg Olivier September 21, 1964 – 21 June 1971
  2. Dom Mintoff 21 June 1971 – 13 December 1974

Elizabeth II visited Malta in 1967.

Following the abolition of the monarchy, former Governor-General Sir Anthony Mamo became the first President of Malta.

See also[edit]