Phulra

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Phulra
Princely state of Pakistan
1828–1950
Location of Phulra
Map of Pakistan with Phulra highlighted
Capital Phulra
History
 -  Established 1828
 -  Disestablished 1950
Area 98 km2 (38 sq mi)
Government of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Coat of arms of Pakistan
This article is part of the series
Former administrative units of Pakistan

Phulra was a minor princely state in the days of British India, located in the region of the North West Frontier to the east of the nearby princely state of Amb. There is some uncertainty as to whether Phulra ranked as a full princely state of India before 1919, and until then it may have had the status of a landed estate or jagir, but in 1919 it was given imperial recognition. In 1947, soon after the British had departed from the subcontinent, the ruler of Phulra signed an Instrument of Accession to the new Dominion of Pakistan, and Phulra was a princely state of Pakistan from then until 1950, when it was incorporated into the North West Frontier Province following the death of its last Nawab.[1]

The territory covered by the state remains part of the present-day Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, as a Union Council of the tehsil of Mansehra.[1]

History[edit]

The state was founded in 1828, when Mir Painda Khan, the ruler of Amb, granted the area of Phulra as a small principality to his brother, Madad Khan. Phulra was recognised as a princely state in 1919 and 1921, in the official gazette of the Indian Empire. In 1947, the last ruler of Phulra acceded to Pakistan, but the state was extinguished in 1950, becoming part of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.[1]

Government[edit]

The state was ruled by a collateral line of the hereditary Tanoli rulers of Amb. The rulers were styled as Khan, and Amb and Phulra together were sometimes referred to as "Feudal Tanawal".[2]

Tenure Rulers of Phulra
1828 - 1857 Khan Madad Khan
1858 - 1890 Khan Abdullah Khan
1890 - 1908 Khan Abdul Rahman Khan
1908 - 1935 Khan Ata Muhammad Khan
1932 - 1950 Khan Abdul Latif Khan
1950 State of Phulra abolished

Descendants of Madad Khan[edit]

Mada Khan, the original Khan of Phulra, had two branches of offspring i.e a senior branch and a junior branch[3]. After the State of Phulra was abolished, both these branches continue to be represented in the area. The descendants of its last Khan, Abdul Latif Khan, remained in the area as private residents[citation needed]. The descendants of Khan Abdul Latif Khan were his sons, Khanzada Muhammad Faredun Khan, and his grandson Khanzada Ali Raza Khan.[citation needed]. They comprised the senior branch of the former Phulra family.

Of the junior branch, Madad Khan had two other surviving sons, Bahadar Khan (from a Tanoli woman} whose descendants are still settled in Mangal Doga, Mahal and Masand villages[4]; and Arsala Khan, an illegitimate son[5] who was born from a Gujjar serving woman[6] and whose descendants still live in Gojra village. They are all private citizens today.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Pakistan Gazetteer, vol. 5 (Cosmo Publications, 2000), p. 243
  2. ^ Hubert Digby Watson, Gazetteer of the Hazara District, 1907, p. 187
  3. ^ Major H Wace 'District Settlement Report on Hazara' 1874
  4. ^ Lt Col E G Hastings 'The Upper Tanawal Feudatory Area: A Confidential Report for Government' , Govt of the Punjab, Lahore, 1883; at the Punjab Governmental Archives, Lahore, p 124
  5. ^ Hastings, 1883, pp 144-145
  6. ^ Hastings, 1883, pp 144-145

External links[edit]