State space (physics)
||This article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject. (October 2009)|
In physics, a state space is a complex Hilbert space within which the possible instantaneous states of the system may be described by a unit vector. These state vectors, using Dirac's bra-ket notation, can often be treated as vectors and operated on using the rules of linear algebra. This formalism of quantum mechanics is extremely elegant, in that it can replace calculation of complicated integrals with a few basic vector operations.
- Configuration space for the space of possible positions that a physical system may attain.
- State space (controls) for information about state space in control engineering.
- Phase space for information about phase state in physics and mathematics.
- State space for information about discrete state space in computer science.