Staten Island Zoo
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2009)|
South (back) gate
|Date opened||June 10, 1936|
|Location||West New Brighton, Staten Island, New York City, USA|
|Land area||8 acres (3.2 ha)|
|Number of animals||1300|
|Number of species||350|
The Staten Island Zoo is a 8-acre (3.2 ha) urban zoo in West New Brighton, Staten Island, New York City. The zoo is open year round except on Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day. It has been accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) since 1988.
The history of the Staten Island Zoo (Barrett Park) can be traced back to three long forgotten Staten Island War heroes, Colonel Edward Harden, Colonel Richard Penn Smith and Major Clarence Barrett. In the 1800s Staten Island was home to many ranking military leaders including Colonel Harden and Colonel Penn Smith whose estates were located right across from each other on opposite sides of Clove Road.
The Staten Island Zoo was built on the former estate grounds of Colonel Edward Harden. Colonel Harden fought in the Spanish–American War and moved to 614 Broadway on Staten Island in 1908 with his wife Julia Harden where they resided in what was later known as the "Harden Mansion". Mrs Harden willed the land to the city upon her death under three conditions: that it be named for her brother in law, Civil War Major Clarence Barrett, that the property not be used for a playground and that her husband Colonel Harden be allowed to reside in the house that stood on the property. Mrs Harden died in 1930 and the property was transferred to the city of New York. The site was (and still is) officially called "Barret Park" in city planning records and it wasn't until the 1960s when the "Staten Island Zoo" became the popular name for the site. In the first few years the only mention of "Zoo" in the Zoo signs were in the word "Zoological" for the "Staten Island Zoological Society" which operated Barret Park.
In August 1933 the Staten Island Zoological Society was created and the park built by the Civilian Conservation Corps. On March 25, 1935 the Egbert-Robillard Bill was passed by the New York State Senate to have the city provide maintenance for the zoo. Two months later on May 7, 1935 the Governor of New York signed an agreement to allocate public funds for the zoo to cover operational and maintenance costs while the exhibits, animal care and educational programs were to be maintained by the Staten Island Zoological Society  With the land now owned by the city and a Zoological Society in place to run and administer the site, Zoo construction commenced in 1933 as part of the Federal Government’s works program to convert the 8-acre estate into a zoo. The zoo opened to the public on June 10, 1936 and was considered the first U.S. "educational zoo."
The parking lot which was built in 1968 and was built on a plot of land across from the zoo on the corner of Clove Road and Martling Avenue, The property was originally the mansion of United States Civil War Colonel Richard Penn Smith who fought at the battle of Gettysburg. The war hero resided in Staten Island and after his death was buried in Staten Islands Moravian Cemetery on Richmond Road. The Colonels large stately home and surrounding plot of land was later purchased by the Actors Fund which turned the Colonels home into a retreat for actors with 50 bedrooms and views of Martling Pond. In the late 1920s the retreat was closed and the 20 acres of the estate were eventually acquired and split between the Staten Island Zoological Society for use as a parking lot and by the Saint Peters Cemetery for expansion of burial sites 
As of January 2010[update], the Zoo was working on several renovations. A new carousel and an outdoor Amur leopard enclosure, slated to be one of the largest leopard enclosures in the United States once completed, are being designed by Slade Architecture under the New York City Design Excellence Program.
Staten Island Zoological Society
Unlike all the other zoos in New York City, which are operated by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), the Staten Island Zoo is operated by the Staten Island Zoological Society which was created in August 1933 under the organization of Harold O'Connel. Local legend maintains that the society was partially formed from the Staten Island Reptile Club which was located nearby on Britton Street and Broadway. Although no written documentation exists regarding the merger it would explain the newly formed Staten Island Zoological Societys affinity for reptiles and why the zoo was (and still is) known for its extensive reptile collection. Just short of one year after its organization on July 24, 1934 the Staten Island Zoological Society was officially incorporated. The Society included Harold O'Connel, Ellsworth Buck, Dr. James Chapin,George Allison and Howard Worzel.
The "Educational" Zoo
The Staten Island Zoological Society created the Zoo with the founding principals that it be an educational zoo. The Society held monthly evening lectures at the zoo, provided lessons at local schools and provided zoo tours for school children. The zoo later expanded its education program under the zoo veterinarian Dr Patricia O'Conner to include educational programs for hospital children and educational courses at the zoo for high school teachers and lectures for educators and local animal and wildlife clubs. Over seventy years later the Staten Island Zoo still continues providing on site and in school lessons, special educational programs at the zoo and provides internship programs for college students. A small lecture auditorium was built in the basement level of the zoo building and a classroom and a private library were located on the 2nd floor of the zoo building along with the administrative offices of the Zoological Society.
Initially the focus of the zoo was reptiles, in particular including the collection of snakes housed in the zoo's Serpentarium. Although the focus of the zoo has broadened, the zoo's collection of rattlesnakes is still regarded as among the largest and most complete in North America. The current collection comprises over 1500 animals of over 350 different species. Among the zoo's current exhibits is the African Savannah at Twilight.
Many of the animals were obtained through purchases and through procurements from other zoological parks. During the 1930s to the early 60's animals were also acquired through annual expeditions by zoological staff such as the collection trip in 1936 by Curator Carl Kauffeld for rattlesnakes and a later 1965 trip by zookeeper Bob Zappalorti and through donations such as a pair of Solenodons which were donated by the Dominican Republic's Rafael Trujillo. The Collection of Marine fish were donated by the Staten Island Aquarium Society in the late 1950s 
The zoo is also the home of Staten Island Chuck, a groundhog who is the official Groundhog Day forecaster for New York City and Grandpa, a Black-handed Spider Monkey who made local newspapers when he accuratly "predicted" the outcome of six out of nine matches during the U.S. Open Tennis Championship. The zoo also houses the horses used by the Parks Department Enforcement Patrol Officers for patrolling the parks and woods of Staten Island.
- "About Us". statenislandzoo.org. Staten Island Zoo. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- "Staten Island Zoo". nyc-arts.org. NYC Arts. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- "List of Accredited Zoos and Aquariums". aza.org. AZA. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- "History of the Staten Island Zoo". nyc-arts.org. NYC Parks Department. Retrieved October 4, 2013.
- "New Yorks Biggest Little Zoo. A History of the Staten Island Zoo by Ken Kawata Published 2003
- http://www.silive.com/specialreports/index.ssf/2011/03/actors_home_attracted_retired.html Staten Island Advance Article
- New Yorks Biggest Little Zoo Book By Ken Kawata
- New Yorks Biggest Little Zoo. A History of the Staten Island Zoo by Ken Kawata Published 2003
- New York City Zoos and Aquariums by Joan Scheier published in 2005
- Grandpa the Psychic Monkey NY Daily News, Friday, January 6, 2012