States of Nigeria

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nigeria

Nigeria is divided into 36 states and Abuja, the federal capital territory. The states are further divided into 774 Local Government Areas.[1]

Current states and the Federal Capital Territory.[edit]

A clickable map of Nigeria exhibiting its 36 states and the federal capital territory.
Niger Zinder Niamey Burkina Faso Benin Atlantic Ocean Cameroon Porto Novo Garoua Chad Chad Lake Chad Abuja Sokoto State Kebbi State Zamfara State Katsina State Jigawa State Yobe State Borno State Kano State Bauchi State Gombe State Adamawa State Plateau State Taraba State Kaduna State Nassarawa State Benue State Niger State Kwara State Oyo State Ogun State Lagos State Kogi State Osun State Ekiti State Ondo State Edo State Ebonyi State Delta State Bayelsa State Rivers State Imo State Abia State Cross River State Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria) Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria) Anambra State Anambra State Enugu State Enugu State Akwa Ibom State Akwa Ibom State Port Harcourt Benin City Lagos Ibadan Kaduna Kano MaiduguriA clickable map of Nigeria exhibiting its 36 states and the federal capital territory.
About this image
States
  1. Anambra
  2. Enugu
  3. Akwa Ibom
  4. Adamawa
  5. Abia
  6. Bauchi
  7. Bayelsa
  8. Benue
  9. Borno
  10. Cross River
  11. Delta
  12. Ebonyi
  1. Edo
  2. Ekiti
  3. Gombe
  4. Imo
  5. Jigawa
  6. Kaduna
  7. Kano
  8. Katsina
  9. Kebbi
  10. Kogi
  11. Kwara
  12. Lagos
  1. Nasarawa
  2. Niger
  3. Ogun
  4. Ondo
  5. Osun
  6. Oyo
  7. Plateau
  8. Rivers
  9. Sokoto
  10. Taraba
  11. Yobe
  12. Zamfara
Federal Capital Territory
Abuja

Former state boundaries[edit]

Before and after independence in 1960, Nigeria was a federation of three Regions: Northern, Western, and Eastern. Provinces were also used in colonial times. In 1963, two provinces were detached from the Western Region to form the new Mid-Western Region. In 1967, the regions were replaced by 12 states due to a military decree; only the former Mid-Western Region escaped division, and formed a single state following the restructuring. From 1967 to 1970 the areas of Mid-Western State and the Eastern Region attempted to secede, as Biafra. In 1976, seven new states were created, making 19 altogether.[2]

The Federal Capital Territory (now called Abuja) was established in 1991. In 1987 two new states were established, followed by another nine in 1991, bringing the total to 30.[2] The latest change, in 1996, resulted in the present number of 36 states.

1991-1996[edit]

During this period, there were 30 states and Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory.

Nigeria 1991-1996.png

1987-1991[edit]

During this period, there were 21 states and,
later, Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory.

Nigeria states 1987-1991.png

  

1976-1987[edit]

During this period, there were 19 states.
  

Nigeria states-1976-1987.png

  

1967-1976[edit]

During this period, there were 12 states.
  

Nigeria states-1967-1976.png

1963-1967[edit]

During this period, there were 4 regions.
  

Nigeria 1963-1967.png

  

1960-1963[edit]

During this period, there were 3 regions.
  

Nigeria 1960-1963.png

  

Chronology[edit]

Regions States
1960 1967 1976 1987 1991 1996
Eastern South-Eastern Cross-River Akwa Ibom
Cross-River
East Central Imo Abia
Imo
Anambra Anambra
Enugu Enugu
Ebonyi (also includes part of old Abia)
Rivers Bayelsa
Rivers
Mid-Western (1963) Mid-Western Bendel Delta
Edo
Western Lagos
Western Ogun
Ondo Ekiti
Ondo
Oyo Osun
Oyo
Northern Benue-Plateau Benue
Plateau Nasarawa
Plateau
Kano Jigawa
Kano
Kwara Kwara
Kogi (also includes part of old Benue)
North Central Kaduna Kaduna
Katsina
North Western Niger
Sokoto Kebbi
Sokoto Sokoto
Zamfara
North Eastern Bauchi Bauchi
Gombe
Borno Borno
Yobe
Gongola Adamawa
Taraba

See also[edit]


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "USAID Nigeria mission: Nigeria administrative divisions" United States Agency for International Development, October 2004, last accessed 21 April 2010
  2. ^ a b Kraxberger, Brennan (2005) "Strangers, Indigenes and Settlers: Contested Geographies of Citizenship in Nigeria" Space and Polity 9(1): pp. 9-27, pages 10, 11, & 15

Sources[edit]

  • Ajayi, Gboyega (2007) The military and the Nigerian state, 1966-1993: a study of the strategies of political power control Africa World Press, Trenton New Jersey, ISBN 1-59221-568-8
  • Benjamin, Solomon Akhere (1999) The 1996 state and local government reorganizations in Nigeria Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research, Ibadan, Nigeria, ISBN 978-181-238-9
  • Suberu, Rotimi T. (1994) 1991 state and local government reorganizations in Nigeria Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria, ISBN 978-2015-28-8

External links[edit]