Statistics relating to enlargement of the European Union

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Chart of the population development of
the EU affiliated with the enlargement process.

This is a sequence of tables giving statistical data for past and future enlargements of the European Union. All data refer to the populations, land areas, and gross domestic products (GDP) of the respective countries at the time of their accession to the European Union, illustrating historically-accurate changes to the Union. The GDP figures are at purchasing power parity, in United States dollar at 1990 prices.

Past enlargements[edit]

Foundation[edit]

Further information: Inner Six
The EC6 in 1957
Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Belgium 9,052,707 30,528 58.316 $46,878
 France [1] 44,788,852 674,843 312.966 $40,690
 West Germany [2] 54,292,038 248,717 400.554 $41,168
 Italy 49,476,000 301,336 265.192 $30,116
 Luxembourg 310,291 2,586 2.938 $113,533
 Netherlands 11,186,847 41,526 83.351 $50,355
EC6 (1958) 169,106,736 1,299,536 1,123.317 6,643

1973 enlargement[edit]

The EC9 in 1973
Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Denmark [3] 5,021,861 43,094 70.032 $59,928
 Ireland 3,073,200 70,273 21.103 $39,638
 United Kingdom 56,210,000 244,820 675.941 $36,728
Accession countries 64,305,061 358,187 767.076 11,929
Existing members (1973) 192,457,106 1,299,536 2,381,396 12,374
EC9 (1973) 256,762,167
(+33.41%)
1,657,723
(+25.44%)
3,148.472
(+32.21%)
12,262
(−0.91%)
The EC10 in 1981

1981 enlargement[edit]

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Greece 9,729,350 131,945 86.553 8,896
Existing members (1981) 261,743,191 1,657,723 3,694,558 14,115
EC10 (1981) 271,472,541
(+3.72%)
1,789,668
(+7.96%)
3,781.111
(+2.34%)
13,928
(−1.33%)
The EC12 in 1986

1986 enlargement[edit]

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Portugal 9,907,411 92,391 85.610 8,641
 Spain 38,707,556 504,782 386.998 9,998
Accession countries 48,614,967 597,173 472.608 9,721
Existing members (1986) 273,398,552 1,789,668 4,186.176 15,312
EC12 (1986)
EU12 (1993)
366,867,431
(+17.53%)
2,386,841
(+33.37%)
4,658,784
(+11.29%)
14,468
(−5.51%)

1990 enlargement[edit]

Further information: German reunification
Member countries Population Area (km2) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 East Germany 16,111,000 108,333 159.5 9,800
Existing members (1986) 273,398,552 1,789,668 4,186.176 15,312

1995 enlargement[edit]

The EU15 in 1995
Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Austria 8,206,524 83,871 145.238 18,048
 Finland 5,261,008 338,145 80.955 15,859
 Sweden 9,047,752 449,964 156.640 17,644
Accession countries 22,029,977 871,980 382.833 17,378
Existing members (1995) 350,909,402 2,495,174 5,894.232 16,797
EU15 (1995) 372,939,379
(+6.28%)
3,367,154
(+34.95%)
6,277.065
(+6.50%)
16,831
(+0.20%)

2004 enlargement[edit]

The EU25 in 2004
Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Cyprus [4] 775,927 9,250 11.681 15,054
 Czech Republic 10,246,178 78,866 105.248 10,272
 Estonia 1,341,664 45,226 22.384 16,684
 Hungary 10,032,375 93,030 102,183 10,185
 Latvia 2,306,306 64,589 24.826 10,764
 Lithuania 3,607,899 65,200 31.971 8,861
 Malta 396,851 316 5.097 12,843
 Poland 38,580,445 311,904 316.438 8,202
 Slovakia 5,423,567 49,036 42.800 7,810
 Slovenia 2,011,473 20,273 29.633 14,732
Accession countries 74,722,685 737,690 685.123 9,169
Existing members (2004) 381,781,620 3,367,154 7,711.871 20,200
EU25 (2004) 456,504,305
(+19.57%)
4,104,844
(+17.97%)
8,396,994
(+8.88%)
18,394
(−8.94%)

2007 enlargement[edit]

The EU27 in 2007
Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Bulgaria 7,761,000 111,002 62.29 8,026
 Romania 22,329,977 238,391 204.4 9,153
Accession countries 30,090,977 349,393 266.69 8,863
Existing members (2007) 464,205,901 4,104,844 12,170.11 26,217
EU27 (2007) 494,296,878
(+6.48%)
4,454,237
(+8.51%)
12,436.80
(+2.04%)
25,160.59
(−4.03%)

2013 enlargement[edit]

The EU28 in 2013
Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Croatia 4,290,612 56,594 80.983 18,338
Existing members (2012) 503,492,041 4,454,237 15,821.00 31,607
EU28 506,777,111
(+0.85%)
4,510,831
(+1.31%)
15,868.983
(+0.51%)
31,313.54
(−0.74%)

Candidate countries[edit]

  Member states
  Application submitted: Albania
  Recognised by the EU as potential candidates which have not yet applied for membership: Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo (status disputed).[2]

EU28 (2013)[edit]

Member Countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 European Union 506,777,111 4,510,831 15,868.983 31,313.54

Iceland[edit]

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Iceland 318,452 103,001 12.831 39,223
EU29
(EU28 + Iceland)
507,095,563
(+0.06%)
4,613,832
(+2.28%)
15,881.814
(+0.08%)
31,319.17
(+0.02%)

Macedonia[edit]

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
Flag of Macedonia.svg Macedonia 2,055,004 25,713 20.821 10,112
EU29
(EU28 + Macedonia)
508,832,115
(+0.41%)
4,536,544
(+0.57%)
15,889.804
(+0.13%)
31,227.99
(-0.27%)

Turkey[edit]

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Turkey 74,724,269 783,562 1,116.005 15,340
EU29
(EU28 + Turkey)
581,501,380
(+14.74%)
5,294,393
(+17.37%)
16984.988
(+7.03%)
29,208.85
(-6.72%)

Montenegro[edit]

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Montenegro 625,266 13,812 7.029 11,228
EU29
(EU28 + Montenegro)
507,402,377
(+0.12%)
4,524,643
(+0.31%)
15876.012
(+0.04%)
31,288.80
(-0.08%)

Serbia[edit]

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Serbia 7,120,666 88,361 79.013 10,661
EU29
(EU28 + Serbia)
513,897,777 .I.
(+1.41%)
4,599,192
(+1.96%)
15,947.996
(+0.5%)
31,033.40
(-3.89%)

Albania[edit]

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Albania 2,821,977 28,748 31 10,903 - 11,400
EU29
(EU28 + Albania)
509,599,088
(+0.51%)
4,539,579
(+0.82%)
15,899.893
(+0.35%)
31,372.06
(+0.14%)

All Candidates[edit]

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Iceland
Flag of Macedonia.svg Macedonia
 Turkey
 Montenegro
 Serbia
 Albania
87,665,634 1,043,197 1,266.699 14,564.42
EU34 594,442,745
(+16.74%)
5,554,028
(+22.49%)
17,135.682
(+7.79%)
28,911.56
(-7.67%)

Note: All data sourced from individual country entries on Wikipedia. Presumed source CIA World Factbook 2011. Populations usually 2011 estimates; historical/future estimates not used. Figures are approximate due to fluctuations in population and economies.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

1. ^ Algeria was part of France until 1962.
2. ^ German reunification in 1990 led to the inclusion of the territory of the former German Democratic Republic. This enlargement is not explicitly mentioned. Data for Germany in all tables is from current statistics.
3. ^ Greenland left the EC in 1985.
4. ^ Officially the whole of Cyprus lies within the European Union. "In light of Protocol 10 of the Accession Treaty 2003 Cyprus as a whole entered the EU, whereas the acquis is suspended in the northern part of the island (“areas not under effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus”). This means inter alia that these areas are outside the customs and fiscal territory of the EU. The suspension has territorial effect, but does not concern the personal rights of Turkish Cypriots as EU citizens, as they are considered as citizens of the Member State Republic of Cyprus"[5].

References[edit]