Stato da Màr

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State of the Sea
Stato da Mar (vec)
Domain of the Republic of Venice

992–1797
 

 

Location of Stato da Mar
Map of the Venetian colonial empire
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Pietro II Orseolo treaty
    with Basil II
 
992
 -  Fourth Crusade 1202–04
 -  First Ottoman–Venetian War 1463–79
 -  Cretan War 1645–69
 -  Morean War 1684–99
 -  Last Ottoman–Venetian War 1714–18
 -  Treaty of Campo Formio 17 October 1797

The Stato da Mar or Domini da Mar ("State/Domains of the Sea") was the name given to the Republic of Venice's maritime and overseas possessions, including Istria, Dalmatia, Negroponte, the Morea (the "Kingdom of the Morea"), the Aegean islands of the Duchy of the Archipelago, and the islands of Crete (the "Kingdom of Candia") and Cyprus. It was one of the three subdivisions of the Republic's possessions, the other two being the Dogado, i.e. Venice proper, and the Domini di Terraferma in northern Italy.

The creation of the Venice's overseas empire began around 1000 with the conquest of Dalmatia and reached its greatest extent at the conclusion of the Fourth Crusade, with the acquisition of three octaves of the Roman Empire of the East. Later on, under increasing pressure from the Ottoman Empire, many territories were lost and re-organised until, when the Republic fell in 1797, only Istria, Dalmatia, Corfu and the Ionian Islands (Venetian Ionian Islands) were left.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Da Mosto, Andrea: L'Archivio di Stato di Venezia, Biblioteca d'Arte editrice, Roma, 1937.
  • Mutinelli, Fabio: Lessico Veneto, tipografia Giambattista Andreola, Venezia, 1852.