Statues in Dublin
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Statues in Dublin are a significant feature of the cityscape of Dublin and the city's monuments are particularly well-known for their Nicknames. The city's statues and other monuments have a long history of controversy about their subjects and designs, and a number of formerly prominent monuments have been removed or destroyed.
Dublin was once famed for its high quality equestrian statues, including the Lord Gough monument in the Phoenix Park, the William of Orange statue by Gibbons in College Green and the George II statue in St Stephen's Green.
The statue Queen Victoria by Irish sculptor John Hughes, was unveiled outside Leinster House, now the seat of the Oireachtas, by Edward VII in 1904. Noel Lemass, Jnr remarked of the statue in Dáil Éireann; "I think we all agree it is one of the most ugly statues of that royal lady...". It was removed in 1947 and transferred to storage at the Royal Hospital Kilmainham. In the late 1980s, it was given to the city of Sydney, Australia, where it now stands outside the Queen Victoria Building in the city centre. A statue of Lord Gough, sculpted by Dubliner John Henry Foley, was moved to Chillingham Castle.
Dublin's most prominent monument, Nelson's Pillar, which stood near the General Post Office (GPO) in the centre of O'Connell Street, was blown up by a group of former Irish Republican Army (IRA) members in 1966.
Nelson was pre-dated by a 1759 statue of Lord Blakeney, the unsuccessful defender of the Siege of Fort St Philip on Minorca in 1756. This was said to be the first statue of an Irishman in Dublin, and was sculpted by John Nost.
On the site of Nelson's Pillar, a new monument was erected in January 2003. Officially named the Monument of Light but more commonly known as the Spire of Dublin. A 1980s monument to the personified river Liffey, Anna Livia was moved from O'Connell Street to make way for the Spire. It was a woman sitting on a slope with bubbling water running down past her represented the river. It was removed in 2001 and re-located to Croppies Memorial Park in 2011.
Other monuments on O'Connell Street include statues honouring Charles Stewart Parnell by Augustus Saint-Gaudens at the north end of the street; at the southern end stands a statue of Daniel O'Connell by John Henry Foley. Other statues on the street include one of trade union leader James Larkin.
At the junction North Earl Street and O'Connell Street is a statue of the novelist James Joyce walking with a cane in his hand.
A short distance away from O'Connell Street near the Liffey Quays was the site of the Millennium Clock, constructed in the mid-1990s to count down to the year 2000. The clock, with a green-illuminated digital face, was placed underneath the surface of the river by the bank so that the time shone up through the water. A postcard booth was placed on the bridge above the clock that printed postcards for 20p, each bearing the exact amount of time left at that moment until the dawn of the new millennium. However, in the months that followed, it had repeated problems with letting in water and failing to display the time correctly. It was removed after a brief period, but not before it had been nicknamed "The Time in the Slime".
Outside the Dublin Tourist Office on Suffolk Street, there is a statue representing Molly Malone, a fictitious fishmonger featured in Dublin's anthem, Molly Malone, who is shown wheeling a cart. The statue was erected to celebrate Dublin's millennium in 1988.
On the north-east corner of St Stephen's Green, there is a semicircle of rough stone pillars commemorating the Great Irish Famine and surrounding a statue of Wolfe Tone. In Merrion Square, inside the north west corner gateway, there is a statue of Oscar Wilde composed of different coloured stone, sitting on a large granite boulder.
James Connolly is the only leader of the 1916 Easter Rising to have a statue in Dublin. It is situated facing Liberty Hall, the headquarters of Ireland's largest trade union, SIPTU. Constance Markievicz has a statue on Tara Street and a bust in St Stephen's Green. There is also a bust of Michael Collins in Merrion Square. One of the few elected politicians commemorated with a statue is Henry Grattan, a leading politician in the Irish House of Commons in the late 18th century. There is a nearby statue of patriot Thomas Davis.
List of Dublin statues (people)
- Daniel O'Connell - O'Connell St.
- Charles Stewart Parnell - O'Connell St.
- Sir John Gray - O'Connell St.
- Jim Larkin - O'Connell St.
- Theobald Mathew - O'Connell St.
- William Smith O'Brien - O'Connell St.
- Cú Chulainn - GPO, O'Connell St.
- Margaret Ball and Francis Taylor, the Dublin Martyrs - Cathedral Street
- Thomas Davis - College Green
- Henry Grattan - College Green
- Edmund Burke - College Green
- Thomas Moore - College Street
- Phil Lynott - Harry Street
- "The Ace with the Bass"
- James Joyce - North Earl St.
- "The Prick with the Stick"
- James Connolly - Beresford Place
- Molly Malone - Grafton Street
- Oscar Wilde - Merrion Square Park
- William Plunket - Kildare Street
- Lord Ardilaun - St Stephen's Green
- Wolfe Tone - St Stephen's Green
- Robert Emmet - St Stephen's Green
- Patrick Kavanagh - The Grand Canal
- Constance Markievicz - Statue in Tara Street, Bust in St Stephen's Green
- Oliver Goldsmith - Trinity College
- William Lecky - Trinity College
- George Salmon - Trinity College
- Benjamin Guinness - St Patrick's cathedral
- Daniel Murray - Pro Cathedral
- Seán Russell - Fairview Park
- Brendan Behan - Royal Canal, Upper Dorset Street
- Matt Talbot - Sir John Rogerson's Quay
- Prince Albert - Leinster Lawn
List of prominent Dublin monuments and sculptures
- Liffey Bridge
- Ha'penny Bridge
- St Stephen's Church, Dublin
- The Pepper Canister
- Sphere Within Sphere - Trinity College
- Joker's Chair - A chair, for a memorial to Dermot Morgan in Merrion Square.
- Wellington Monument - Phoenix Park
- Phoenix Monument - Phoenix Park
- Papal Cross - Phoenix Park
- Two Women - Lower Liffey Street
- "The Hags with the Bags"
- The Fusiliers' Arch - memorial to the Royal Dublin Fusiliers - St Stephen's Green
- "Traitors' Gate".
- An Cailín Bán - Sandymount Strand
- Spire of Dublin - O'Connell St.
- Queen Victoria Fountain - Dún Laoghaire
- "The Birdcage"
- O'Connell Tower - Prospect Cemetery, Glasnevin
- Battle of the Custom House - Memorial Road
- Liberty Scaling the Heights - Grand Canal St.
- Famine Monument - Custom House Quay
- Children of Lir - Garden of Remembrance Parnell Square
- Chariot of Life - Abbey Street
- Éire sculpture - Merrion Square Park 
- Padraig Sheahan Memorial - Hawkins Street
- Dublin Yeomanry Memorial - St. Andrew Street
- Lady Laura Grattan Font - St Stephen's Green North
- Merchant Seamen Memorial - Sir John Rogerson's Quay
- Dublin and Monaghan Bombings Memorial - Talbot Street
- Dancing Couple - Stardust Memorial Park, Coolock
- The NCIris - Mayor Square, IFSC
- Misneach - Main Street, Ballymun - statue of a young girl on horseback, with the girl modelled on Ballymun teenager Toni Marie Shields
Other notable Dublin statues
- Mr. Screen, a cinema usher - Screen Cinema, Hawkins Street.
- Strong Striking Bear - IFSC
- A Cow - Jervis Street
- Two Children - Portland Row
- A Hand - Marlborough Street
- Statue of a fiddler and three children dancing - Stillorgan Shopping Centre
- Father Pat Noise memorial - O'Connell Bridge. A hoax commemorative plaque placed in the gap left from the control box of the millennium clock in 1999.
- Footprints - traffic island at junction of D'Olier Street and Westmoreland Street. Various human and other footprints set into the concrete paving slabs.
- Smithfield Village chimney (off O'Connell St.)
- "The Flue with the View"
List of past Dublin statues and monuments
- King George II - St Stephen's Green (blown up 1937)
- William of Orange - College Green (blown up 1946)
- Queen Victoria - Merrion Square, removed in 1947, put on display in Sydney, Australia in 1987.
- Bowl of Light - O'Connell Bridge - nicknamed "The Tomb of the Unknown Gurrier". Thrown into the Liffey in 1953. Replaced with a flowerbed nicknamed "The Thing".
- Gough Monument - Phoenix Park (Badly damaged by a bomb in 1957) Was bought by a member of the Guinness family from the Office of Public Works. It was loaned to Humphrey Wakefield of Chillingham Castle. It is on loan until the people of Ireland want it returned.Chillingham Castle.
- Nelson's Pillar - O'Connell Street (blown up 1966)
- Millennium Clock - River Liffey (removed 1999)
- Anna Livia - Croppy Acre Memorial Park, Dublin. Formerly in O'Connell St.
- In Dublin fashion, Joycean monuments have been greeted with irreverent rhymes
- In keiner anderen Stadt gibt es mehr Monumentebeinamen. Allein der Dublin Spire hat ein Dutzend Beinamen in Reimform
- Dubliners have cultivated the slightly cutesy habit of giving abusive rhyming nicknames to the city's sculptures
- No piece of public statuary can be said to have entered Irish public consciousness without being christened with a derisive rhyming nickname
- Les Dublinois ont beaucoup d'humour et prennent un malin plaisir à affubler les statues et les monuments de leur ville avec des sobriquets souvent comiques et parfois assez trash
- Dáil Éireann - Volume 273 - 28 May 1974, Paragraph 132.
- Moore, Peter (2012). "Statue of Queen Victoria, Druitt Street". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
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- Craig Parshall. Retrieved 7 December 2006.
- IrishTimes.com Sites to see before you die; 21 June 2008
- Hickey, Raymond. Dublin English: Evolution and Change (John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2005)
- Chris Dowding: A Few Drops Short of a Pint
- Irish War Memorials
- McCracken, Donal P. (2003). Forgotten Protest: Ireland and the Anglo-Boer War. Ulster Historical Foundation. p. 148. ISBN 9781903688182.
- Margaret Greenwood, Mark Connolly, Geoff Wallis: The Rough Guide to Ireland
- Children of Lir
- "Misneach: A Monumental Celebration of Youth", Publicart.ie
- "Ballymun gets a new local hero". The Irish Times. 10 September 2010.
- Mr. Screen in Google Street View. Retrieved: 2012-01-10.
- "Hoax Plaque on Bridge Will Now be Left In Place". The Irish Times. 24 May 2007. Retrieved 27 June 2007.
- Bagnall, Gaynor (2008). Introducing Cultural Studies. Pearson Education. p. 119. ISBN 1405858435.
- "World's Most Controversial Monuments (no.26)". Travel+Leisure. November 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
- "Queen Victoria Facts and Trivia". Queen Victoria Online. 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
- O'Dwyer, Frederick. Lost Dublin. (HarperCollins 1982).
- Photo: Flowerbed