Statutory Pay-as-You-Go Act
The Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, Title I of Pub.L. 111–139, H.J.Res. 45, enacted on February 12, 2010, is a public law passed during the 111th United States Congress and signed by President Barack Obama. The act reinstated pay-as-you-go budgeting rules used in Congress from 1990 until 2002, ensuring that most new spending is offset by spending cuts or added revenue elsewhere (with several major policy exemptions).
The Act had initially passed the House of Representatives 265-166 as a standalone bill in July 2009, then was attached in the Senate to legislation raising the debt limit to $14.3 trillion. A majority of 241 Democrats supported the bill while a majority of 153 Republicans opposed it.
In the Senate, the amendment attaching pay-as-you-go language to the debt limit increase passed on a party-line vote of 60-40, and the debt limit bill subsequently passed 60-39.
The Act under section 11 lists out programs and activities exempt from PAYGO rules. Outlays not subject to offsetting revenues include Social Security payments, all programs administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs, net interest on the debt, and income tax credits. Over 150 additional programs, funds, and activities are listed under section 11 as exempt from the law including outlays to Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, the FDIC, Health Care Trust Funds, the Postal Service Fund, low-rent public housing loans and expenses, and the Special Inspector General for the TARP program. A recent example of Congress passing legislation exempt from the PAYGO rules is for emergency disaster relief for Hurricane Sandy. These exemptions allow money to move more quickly through the legislative process without having to find an offset. 
- List of Cosponsors, via THOMAS
- Michael O'Brien (January 28, 2010). "Senate passes pay-go rule on party-line vote". The Hill. Retrieved February 24, 2010.
- J. Taylor Rushing (February 13, 2010). "Obama signs Pay-Go law but also raises federal debt ceiling". The Hill. Retrieved February 24, 2010.
- "Text of H. J. Res. 45: Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010".
- Morton, Erin Will (December 8, 2012). "Dewonkify – Offset: A Funding Source Used to Pay for Government Spending". The National Law Review (Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP). Retrieved 26 February 2013.
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