Stauroteuthis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Stauroteuthis
Stauroteuthis.jpg
Stauroteuthis syrtensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order: Octopoda
Family: Stauroteuthidae
Grimpe, 1916
Genus: Stauroteuthis
Verrill, 1879
Species
Synonyms

Chunioteuthis Grimpe, 1916

Stauroteuthis is a genus of deepwater octopus, a cephalopod mollusk. This is the only genus in the family Stauroteuthidae, and only two species have been described in this genus.

The organisms live below 700 m (2,300 ft) water depth; although sometimes found as deep as 4 km (2.5 mi) underwater, they generally live at a water depth of around 2 km (1.2 mi).[1] They do not possess a radula.[1]

The stauroteuthids have the distinction of being one of the few bioluminescent octopuses; some of the muscle cells that control the suckers in most species have been replaced with photophores which are believed to fool prey by directing them towards the mouth.[2]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Collins, M. A.; Henriques, C. (2000). "A revision of the family Stauroteuthidae (Octopoda: Cirrata) with redescriptions of Stauroteuthis syrtensis and S. gilchristi". Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 80 (4): 685. doi:10.1017/S0025315400002514.  edit
  2. ^ Johnsen, S.; E.J. Balser; E.C. Fisher; E.A. Widder (1999). "Bioluminescence in the deep-sea cirrate octopod Stauroteuthis syrtensis Verrill (Mollusca: Cephalopoda)". The Biological Bulletin 197 (1): 26–39. doi:10.2307/1542994. 
  3. ^ Stauroteuthis gilchristi. Tree of Life web project.
  4. ^ Stauroteuthis syrtensis. Tree of Life web project.
  5. ^ Stauroteuthis syrtensis Verrill, 1879. Encyclopedia of Life.

External links[edit]