Giant musk turtle

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Giant musk turtle
Staurotypus salvinii.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Family: Kinosternidae
Genus: Staurotypus
Species: S. salvinii
Binomial name
Staurotypus salvinii
Gray, 1864
Synonyms[1]
  • Staurotypus (Stauremys) salvinii Gray, 1864
  • Stauremys salvinii — Gray, 1870
  • Staurotypus marmoratus
    Fischer, 1872
  • Claudius severus Cope, 1872
  • Staurotypus (Claudius) severus
    Bocourt, 1876
  • Staurotypus salvini Günther, 1885 (ex errore)
  • Staurotypus biporcatus Gadow, 1905 (nomen nudum)
  • Staurotypus salvanii Beltrán, 1953 (ex errore)

The giant musk turtle (Staurotypus salvinii) is a species of kinosternid turtle endemic to Central America.

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Mexico (Chiapas and Oaxaca).

Etymology[edit]

The specific name, salvinii, is in honor of English naturalist and herpetologist Osbert Salvin.[2]

Description[edit]

They are typically much larger than other species of musk turtle, attaining sizes of up to 36 cm (14 inches) carapace length, with males being significantly smaller than females. They are typically brown, black, or green in color, with a yellow underside. Their carapace is distinguished by three distinct ridges, or keels which run its length.

Diet[edit]

Like other musk turtle species, they are carnivorous, eating various types of aquatic invertebrates, as well as fish and carrion.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fritz, Uwe; Peter Havaš (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World". Vertebrate Zoology 57 (2): 260–261. ISSN 18640-5755. Archived from the original on 2010-12-17. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins; Michael Grayson. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore. xiii + 312 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Staurotypus salvinii, p. 232.)

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Gray, J.E. 1864. Description of a New Species of Staurotypus (S. salvinii) from Guatemala. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864: 127–128.