Stawley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Stawley
A village of houses nestled in rolling green hills.
Stawley from Ham Hill
Stawley is located in Somerset
Stawley
Stawley
 Stawley shown within Somerset
Population 279 [1]
OS grid reference ST065225
District Taunton Deane
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TAUNTON
Postcode district TA21
Dialling code 01823
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Taunton Deane
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 50°59′39″N 3°20′01″W / 50.9942°N 3.3336°W / 50.9942; -3.3336

Stawley is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated 10 miles (16.1 km) west of Taunton in the Taunton Deane district. The parish has a population of 279[1] and includes the village of Kittisford and the hamlets of Appley, Greenham and Tracebridge.

History[edit]

The village was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086, when the manor was held by Osward and Ailward under Alured the Spaniard. Later the estate was the property of the Powletts of Hinton St George.[2] The parishes of Kittisford and Stawley were part of the Milverton Hundred,[3]

The hamlet of Greenham is located on the banks of the River Tone, and has two historic houses within its area. Cothay Manor was built around 1480,[4] and the house at Greenham Barton in the early 15th century.[5] The St Peter, Greenham church was consecrated on 7 July 1860 on land given to the parish by Thomas Edward Clarke, who resided in Tremlett House. Built in a Gothic Revival style, in its graveyard lie the remains of the wife of Sir Edward du Cann, the longtime Member of Parliament for Taunton Deane and former owner of Cothay Manor.[6]

Gerald Gardiner took the title of "Baron Gardiner of Kittisford" when he was made a life peer.

Since 1999 work has been underway to move and re-establish the village shop and post office, which opened on a new site in 2006 near the primary school.[7]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Taunton Deane, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Wellington Rural District.[8] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Taunton Deane county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Geography[edit]

The soil consists of clay, with a subsoil of sandstone and limestone. The village has a high density of rare flora and fauna, including eight species of endangered birds.

Religious sites[edit]

The parish Church of St Michael dates from the 13th century and has been designated as a Grade I listed building.[9] The church register dates from 1528.

The Church of St Nicholas in Kittisford dates from the 15th century.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The Complete Guide. Dovecote Press. p. 192. ISBN 1-874336-26-1. 
  3. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Cothay Manor". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 
  5. ^ "Greenham Barton". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 
  6. ^ "St Peter, Greenham". achurchnearyou.com. Retrieved 2008-12-09. 
  7. ^ "Stawley Village Shop". Somerset Rural Renaissance. Retrieved 14 May 2010. 
  8. ^ "Wellington RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Church of St Michael". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 
  10. ^ "Church of St Nicholas". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 

External links[edit]