Steamship Valley Camp

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SS Valley Camp bow.jpg
Career
Name: Louis W. Hill (1917–c.1955)
Valley Camp (c.1955–)
Owner: National Steel Corporation (1917–c.1955)
Wilson Marine Transit Company (c.1955–1959)
Republic Steel Corporation (1959–1968)
Le Sault de Sainte Marie Historical Sites, Inc. (1968–)
Builder: American Shipbuilding Co.
Launched: 1917
Status: Museum ship
General characteristics
Tons burthen: 12,000 (gross)
Length: 550 ft (170 m)
Beam: 58 ft (18 m)
Depth of hold: 31 ft (9.4 m)
Installed power: 1,800 hp (1,300 kW) triple expansion steam engine
SS Valley Camp
Steamship Valley Camp is located in Michigan
Steamship Valley Camp
Location within the state of Michigan
Location Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan
Coordinates 46°29′57″N 84°20′11″W / 46.49917°N 84.33639°W / 46.49917; -84.33639Coordinates: 46°29′57″N 84°20′11″W / 46.49917°N 84.33639°W / 46.49917; -84.33639
Built 1917
Architect American Shipbuilding Co.
NRHP Reference # 72000606[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP 1 February 1972
Designated MSHS 1 October 1971[2]

SS Valley Camp is a lake freighter that served on the Great Lakes for almost 50 years and is now a museum ship in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan.

History[edit]

Valley Camp was launched in Lorain, Ohio, in 1917 as the Louis W. Hill for the National Steel Corporation. She sailed for this company for 38 years hauling iron ore and coal until 1955 when she was sold to the Wilson Marine Transit Company. It was in this fleet that she received her current name. For this company she carried a wider array of bulk goods including grains and stone. Valley Camp was a member of the Wilson Fleet only until 1959 when the Republic Steel Corporation bought her and several of her Wilson fleetmates, including her identical sister Silver Bay (formerly Albert Heiken of National Steel). Republic kept Valley Camp's name, and for that company she hauled iron ore and coal to their mills in Buffalo, New York; Cleveland, Ohio; and Indiana Harbor, Indiana. In 1967, Valley Camp sailed her last. Her age was not an issue at this time, it was her triple expansion engine that was still being fed by coal-burning boilers that doomed her to an early retirement.

Aerial view of the ship as museum

Purchased by Le Sault de Sainte Marie Historical Sites, Inc., for $10,000, the ship was towed from Wisconsin to Sault Ste. Marie on July 6, 1968, during Sault Ste. Marie's tri-centennial celebration. As a museum ship, Valley Camp is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Visitors have the opportunity to explore and look in every nook and cranny of the ship. In addition, the cargo hold houses hundreds of artifacts, paintings, shipwreck items, models, two lifeboats from the wreck of the SS Edmund Fitzgerald, and exhibits of objects related to maritime history.

Valley Camp is well kept and has brought in many tourists to Sault Sainte Marie.

The ship[edit]

Valley Camp stretches 550 feet (170 m) overall with a 525-foot (160 m) keel. Other dimensions of the ship include a beam of 58 feet (18 m) and a depth of 31 feet (9.4 m). Her gross tonnage capacity is 12,000 gross tons. The ship was powered by a 1,800 horsepower (1,300 kW) triple expansion reciprocating steam engine which she retains to this day. Never the flagship of the fleet, her quarters were spartan yet comfortable. The crews quarters are lined by wood trim and equipped with simple bunks. The wheelhouse is lined with wood and trimmed by brass. Her original steering wheel is in place. In the stern, her original smokestack, including her double-chime whistle are still in place. Almost unmodified from her original configuration, she is the most intact example of the classic Great Lakes ore carriers that once numbered in the hundreds and few of which survive to this day.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ State of Michigan (2009). "Louis W. Hill (also known as S.S. Valley Camp)". Retrieved 2010-06-26. 

External links[edit]