Stearns County, Minnesota
|Stearns County, Minnesota|
Stearns County Courthouse
Location in the state of Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 20, 1855 |
|Named for||mistakenly named after Charles Thomas Stearns. The county was supposed to be named after Isaac Ingalls Stevens, but a clerical error changed the name to Stearns.|
|Largest city||St. Cloud|
|• Total||1,389.93 sq mi (3,600 km2)|
|• Land||1,344.52 sq mi (3,482 km2)|
|• Water||45.41 sq mi (118 km2), 3.27%|
|• Density||99/sq mi (38/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Stearns County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota, founded in 1855. As of the 2010 census, the population was 150,642. Its county seat is Saint Cloud. It was named after Charles Thomas Stearns, a local politician.
Stearns County is part of the Saint Cloud Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The area that is currently Stearns County was formerly occupied by numerous indigenous tribes, such as the Sioux (Dakota), Chippewa (Ojibwe) and Winnebago (Ho-chunk). The first large immigration was of German Catholics in the 1850s. Early arrivals also came from eastern states. Originally, the county was supposed to be named Stevens County after Governor Isaac Ingalls Stevens who conducted an area expedition in 1853. However, due to a clerical error, the county was named Stearns after Charles Thomas Stearns who was a member of the Territorial Council. (Later, the area two counties west was named Stevens County, to compensate for this clerical error.)
|2012||42.75% 33,551||54.81% 43,015|
|2008||45.32% 35,690||52.31% 41,194|
|2004||43.21% 32,659||55.21% 41,726|
|2000||39.70% 24,800||51.86% 32,402|
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,389.93 square miles (3,599.9 km2), of which 1,344.52 square miles (3,482.3 km2) (or 96.73%) is land and 45.41 square miles (117.6 km2) (or 3.27%) is water.
Topography and native vegetation
The East border of Stearns County is the Mississippi River. The land consists of rolling hills, scenic lakes, prairies, savannas and woodlands of a mixture of coniferous and deciduous trees. Stearns is one of 16 Minnesota counties with more savanna soils than either prairie or forest soils. Based on NRCS soils information, the native vegetation can be seen: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stearns_County_Native_Vegetation_Pie_Chart.pdf . Two examples of native vegetation are: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SJU_Native_Vegetation_Map_Wiki_Version.JPG and, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dry_Prairie_Savannas_Wiki_Version.JPG There are 166 lakes in the county of Stearns.
- Todd County and Morrison County (north)
- Benton County and Sherburne County (east)
- Wright County (southeast)
- Meeker County and Kandiyohi County (south)
- Pope County (west)
- Douglas County (northwest)
||Douglas County||Todd County and Morrison County|
|Pope County||Benton County and Sherburne County|
|Meeker County and Kandiyohi County||Wright County|
As of the census of 2000, there were 133,166 people, 47,604 households, and 32,132 families residing in the county. The population density was 99 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 50,291 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.99% White, 0.83% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.58% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 1.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 56.9% were of German and 9.4% Norwegian ancestry.
There were 47,604 households out of which 35.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.50% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 16.10% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 101.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,426, and the median income for a family was $51,553. Males had a median income of $34,268 versus $23,393 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,211. About 4.30% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
† Although mainly in Stearns County, the city extends into a neighboring county.
‡ These cities are based in an adjacent county, but extend into Stearns County.
References and notes
- Minnesota Government Series, State Symbols
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
6. ^Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. pp. 49 - 52. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
- Stearns County official website
- Sartell Historical Society - Sartell, MN
- Stearns History Museum official website