Stebbing

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For other uses, see Stebbing (disambiguation).
Stebbing
High Street - geograph.org.uk - 563362.jpg
Stebbing High Street
Stebbing is located in Essex
Stebbing
Stebbing
 Stebbing shown within Essex
Population unknown
OS grid reference TL677203
District Uttlesford
Shire county Essex
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Great Dunmow
Postcode district CM6
Dialling code 01371
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Saffron Walden
List of places
UK
England
Essex

Coordinates: 51°53′44″N 0°24′34″E / 51.8956°N 0.4095°E / 51.8956; 0.4095

Stebbing is a small village in the Uttlesford district of northern Essex, England. The village is situated north of the ancient Roman road Stane Street. Its high street contains a pub, and a bowling green. About 1500 people live in the village.[1] It is 6.4 miles (10.3 km) from the nearest railway station (Braintree railway station), and 7.6 mi (12.2 km) from nearest airport (London Stansted)

History[edit]

Stebbing is mentioned in the Domesday Book

"Henry de Ferrers holds Stebbing in demesne which Siward held as a manor and as two hides and 30 acres. Then and later two ploughs in demesne; now 3. Among the men then 4 ploughs now six and a half. There were six villans now eight. Then 16 bordars now 33."[2]

Half a mile north-west of the church is The Mount, the moated earthwork remains of the medieval castle.

In the late 13th century the manor of Stebbing passed briefly to the Scottish noble house of Douglas by virtue of the marriage of William the Hardy, Lord of Douglas to Eleanor de Lovaine, the widow of William de Ferrers of Groby. Eleanor was a ward of Edward I, and had her late husband's manors of Stebbing and Woodham Ferrers made into a dowry for a future re-marriage. Douglas absconded with Eleanor, when she was attending to her late husband's estates in Scotland, and married her c.1288. Douglas, a significant figure on the Scottish side during the First Scottish War of Independence, had his English manors finally forfeited by 1298 when he died of mistreatment in the Tower of London. His son Hugh Douglas having been captured previously at Stebbing in 1296, by the Sheriff of Essex.[3]

The church[edit]

The unusual rood screen at St Mary the Virgin

The Grade I listed church was built mainly around 1360. An outstanding feature is the stone rood screen, one of only three that survive in Europe (the others are at Great Bardfield and in Trondheim).[4][5] The earliest written record referring to the present church dates from 1377, when it was reported of Henry de Ferrers that he was “said to have been born in the Abbey of Tilty and baptised in the church of St. Mary the Virgin, Stebbing”. During work inside the church a few years ago part of the foundations of an earlier building were uncovered along with coins of King Henry II (1154 - 1189). During restoration work in 2010 remnants were discovered of medieval wall paintings.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Stebbing Village Page
  2. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Transliteration. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.454
  3. ^ Fraser, Sir William. The Douglas Book, Edinburgh 1885. vol i, pp.75,78,79,93,192
  4. ^ "Church of St Mary the Virgin, Stebbing". British Listed Buildings. 20 February 1967. Retrieved 28 December 2011. 
  5. ^ Foster, Richard (1982). Discovering English churches: a beginner's guide to the story of the parish church from before the Conquest to the Gothic Revival. Oxford: Oxford University press. p. 126. 

Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]

The Hundred Parishes

External links[edit]