Steble Fountain

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Steble Fountain
Steble Fountain.JPG
Steble Fountain with Wellington's Column in the background
Location William Brown Street, Liverpool, England
Coordinates Coordinates: 53°24′34″N 2°58′45″W / 53.40956°N 2.97923°W / 53.40956; -2.97923
OS grid reference SJ 350 908
Built 1879
Built for Liverpool City Council
Restored 1992
Listed Building – Grade II*
Designated 28 June 1952
Reference No. 1359621
Steble Fountain is located in Merseyside
Steble Fountain
Location in Merseyside

The Steble Fountain stands in William Brown Street, Liverpool, England, to the west of Wellington's Column. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[1] It was donated to the city by a former mayor to fill a vacant plot to the west of the column.

History[edit]

Towards the end of the 19th century, this was the only undeveloped portion of land between St George's Hall and the buildings in William Brown Street. In 1877 Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Fell Steble offered £1000 (£80,000 as of 2014)[2] to the Improvement Committee of Liverpool City Council towards the erection of a fountain on the site.[3] Steble had been Mayor of Liverpool from 1845 to 1847.[4] The fountain was designed by Michel Joseph Napoléon Liénard and was unveiled in 1879.[5] The casting from which the fountain was derived had originally been designed for the Paris Exposition of 1867.[4] At the opening ceremony in 1879 the mayor turned the fountain on with a silver key presented by Steble, but the water pressure was low and the effect was "dismal".[3] The water was pumped by a steam pump in the basement of St George's Hall, and the noise from this tended to disrupt the proceedings in the courts above. The steam pump was later replaced by an electric pump. The fountain was restored in 1992 when the Tall Ships' Race came to Liverpool.[3]

Description[edit]

The fountain is constructed in cast iron with some bronze fittings. At the base of the fountain is a circular basin with a diameter of 30 feet (9.1 m). From the centre of the basin rises an octagonal stem on a cruciform base with the statue of a marine god at each corner. These statues depict Neptune, Amphitrite, Acis, and Galatea. Above this is a shallow octagonal bowl with a diameter of 12 feet 6 inches (3.8 m). It has 16 overflow outlets; these are decorated with scallops, Lancastrian roses, and marine grotesques. From the centre of this bowl rises another bowl about 8 feet (2.4 m) in diameter. This is surmounted by a mermaid holding a cornucopia. The total height of the fountain is 23 feet (7.0 m).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Steble Fountain", The National Heritage List for England (English Heritage), 2011, retrieved 6 August 2011 
  2. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2013), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  3. ^ a b c d Cavanagh, Terry (1996), Public Sculpture of Liverpool, Public Sculpture of Britain, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, pp. 23–25, ISBN 0-85323-701-8 
  4. ^ a b Pye, Ken (2011), Discover Liverpool, Liverpool: Trinity Mirror Media, p. 23, ISBN 978-1-906802-90-5 
  5. ^ Pollard, Richard; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006), Lancashire: Liverpool and the South-West, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 300, ISBN 0-300-10910-5