List of countries by steel production

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Steel production in 2007

This article summarizes the world steel production by country.

In 2013, total world crude steel production was 1,607.2 million metric tonnes (mmt). The biggest steel producing country is currently China, which accounted for 48.5% of world steel production in 2013. In 2008 and 2009, output fell in the majority of steel producing countries as a result of the global recession, in 2010 started to rise again.

Countries[edit]

This is a list of countries by steel production from 2007 to 2013, based on data provided by the World Steel Association.[1][2][3][4] [5]

Crude steel production (million metric tons):
Rank Country/Region 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
 World 1,351.3 1326.5 1,219.7 1,413.6 1,490.1 1552.9 1607.2
1 China People's Republic of China 494.9 500.3 573.6 626.7 683.3 724.7 779.0
-  European Union 210.2 198.2 139.3 172.8 177.7 168.6 165.6
2 Japan Japan 120.2 118.7 87.5 109.6 107.6 107.2 110.6
3 United States United States 98.1 91.4 58.2 80.6 86.2 88.6 87.0
4 India India 53.5 57.8 62.8 68.3 72.2 77.3 81.2
5 Russia Russia 72.4 68.5 60.0 66.9 68.7 70.6 69.4
6 South Korea South Korea 51.5 53.6 48.6 58.5 68.5 69.3 66.0
7 Germany Germany 48.6 45.8 32.7 43.8 44.3 42.7 42.6
8 Turkey Turkey 25.8 26.8 25.3 29.0 34.1 35.9 34.7
9 Brazil Brazil 33.8 33.7 26.5 32.8 35.2 34.7 34.2
10 Ukraine Ukraine 42.8 37.3 29.9 33.6 35.3 32.9 32.8
11 Italy Italy 31.6 30.6 19.7 25.8 28.7 27.2 24.1
12 Taiwan Taiwan 20.9 19.9 15.7 19.6 22.7 20.7 22.3
13 Mexico Mexico 17.6 17.2 14.2 17.0 18.1 18.1 18.4 est
14 France France 19.3 17.9 12.8 15.4 15.8 15.6 15.7
15 Iran Iran 10.1 10.0 10.9 12.0 13.0 14.5 15.4
16 Spain Spain 19.0 18.6 14.3 16.3 15.6 13.6 13.7
17 Canada Canada 15.6 14.8 9.0 13.0 13.1 13.5 12.5 est
18 United Kingdom United Kingdom 14.3 13.5 10.1 9.7 9.5 9.6 11.9
19 Poland Poland 10.6 9.7 7.2 8.0 8.8 8.4 8.0
20 Austria Austria 7.6 7.6 5.7 7.2 7.5 7.4 7.9
21 South Africa South Africa 9.1 8.3 7.5 8.5 6.7 7.1 7.2 est
22 Belgium Belgium 10.7 10.7 5.6 8.1 8.1 7.4 7.1
23 Egypt Egypt 6.2 6.2 5.5 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8
24 Netherlands Netherlands 7.4 6.8 5.2 6.7 6.9 6.9 6.7 est
25 Malaysia Malaysia 6.9 6.4 4.0 4.1 5.9 5.6 5.9 est
26 Vietnam Vietnam 2.3 2.7 2.7 2.7 4.9 5.3 5.6
27 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 4.6 4.7 4.7 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.4
28 Czech Republic Czech Republic 7.1 6.4 4.6 5.2 5.6 5.1 5.2
29 Argentina Argentina 5.4 5.5 4.0 5.1 5.7 5.0 5.2
30 Australia Australia 7.9 7.6 5.2 7.3 6.4 4.9 4.6 est
31 Slovakia Slovakia 5.1 4.5 3.7 4.6 4.2 4.4 4.5
32 Sweden Sweden 5.7 5.2 2.8 4.8 4.9 4.3 4.4
33 Finland Finland 4.4 4.4 3.1 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.5
34 Thailand Thailand 5.6 5.2 3.6 3.7 4.2 3.3 3.5 est
35 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 4.8 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.7 3.9 3.3 est
36 Romania Romania 6.3 5.0 2.7 3.9 3.8 3.3 2.9
37 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 0.09 0.09 0.2 0.5 2.0 2.4 2.9 est
38 Indonesia Indonesia 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.6 2.3 2.4 est
39 Belarus Belarus 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.3
40 Venezuela Venezuela 5.0 4.2 3.8 2.2 3.1 2.4 2.3
 Others[6] 30.7 (est.) 28.6 (est.) 23.3 (est.) 26.5 (est.) 29.9 29.5 28.4

Exports[edit]

Top steel exporters in 2011[7]
Rank Country Volume
1 China 47.9
2 Japan 40.7
- European Union[8] 38.0
3 South Korea 28.9
4 Germany 26.4
5 Ukraine 26.0
6 Russia 24.7
7 Italy 17.2
8 Turkey 17.0
9 Belgium 16.4
10 France 14.2
11 United States 13.3
12 Brazil 10.8
11 Taiwan 10.6
14 Netherlands 10.4
15 India 10.2
Top steel net exporter in 2011[7]
Rank Country Volume
1 Japan 35.1
2 China 31.6
3 Ukraine 24.0
4 Russia 17.5
5 Brazil 7.0
6 Turkey 6.7
7 South Korea 6.0
8 Austria 3.2
9 Belgium 3.1
10 Taiwan 2.9
11 Luxembourg 2.2
12 Netherlands 2.1
- European Union[8] 2.1
13 India 2.0
14 Slovakia 2.0

Imports[edit]

Top steel importers in 2011[7]
Rank Country Volume
- European Union[8] 35.9
1 United States 26.9
2 Germany 24.9
3 South Korea 22.8
4 Italy 17.5
5 China 16.3
6 France 14.7
7 Belgium 13.3
8 Thailand 12.5
9 Turkey 10.3
10 Vietnam 9.3
Top steel net importers in 2011[7]
Rank Country Volume
1 United States 13.6
2 Thailand 10.9
3 Vietnam 8.3
4 Iran 8.2
5 Indonesia 7.3
6 United Arab Emirates 6.6
7 Saudi Arabia 5.5
8 Algeria 3.9
9 Philippines 3.8
10 Singapore 3.1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Steel Association World Crude Steel Production 2009
  2. ^ World Crude Steel Production 2010
  3. ^ World Crude Steel Production 2011
  4. ^ http://www.worldsteel.org/dms/internetDocumentList/press-release-downloads/2012/2012-statistics-table/document/2012%20statistics%20table.pdf World Crude Steel Production 2012
  5. ^ "World Steel Statistics data 2013". World Steel Association. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 
  6. ^ composition of other countries vary year to year, thus is not comparable
  7. ^ a b c d World Steel Association: WORLD STEEL IN FIGURES 2012
  8. ^ a b c excluding intra-regional trade

External links[edit]