List of countries by steel production

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For the company-oriented account, see List of steel producers.
Steel production in 2007

This article summarizes the world steel production by country.

In 2013, total world crude steel production was 1,607.2 million metric tonnes (mmt). The biggest steel producing country is currently China, which accounted for 48.5% of world steel production in 2013. In 2008 and 2009, output fell in the majority of steel producing countries as a result of the global recession, in 2010 started to rise again.

Countries[edit]

This is a list of countries by steel production from 2007 to 2013, based on data provided by the World Steel Association.[1][2][3][4] [5]

Crude steel production (million metric tons):
Rank Country/Region 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
 World 1,351.3 1326.5 1,219.7 1,413.6 1,490.1 1552.9 1607.2
1 China People's Republic of China 494.9 500.3 573.6 626.7 683.3 724.7 779.0
-  European Union 210.2 198.2 139.3 172.8 177.7 168.6 165.6
2 Japan Japan 120.2 118.7 87.5 109.6 107.6 107.2 110.6
3 United States United States 98.1 91.4 58.2 80.6 86.2 88.6 87.0
4 India India 53.5 57.8 62.8 68.3 72.2 77.3 81.2
5 Russia Russia 72.4 68.5 60.0 66.9 68.7 70.6 69.4
6 South Korea South Korea 51.5 53.6 48.6 58.5 68.5 69.3 66.0
7 Germany Germany 48.6 45.8 32.7 43.8 44.3 42.7 42.6
8 Turkey Turkey 25.8 26.8 25.3 29.0 34.1 35.9 34.7
9 Brazil Brazil 33.8 33.7 26.5 32.8 35.2 34.7 34.2
10 Ukraine Ukraine 42.8 37.3 29.9 33.6 35.3 32.9 32.8
11 Italy Italy 31.6 30.6 19.7 25.8 28.7 27.2 24.1
12 Taiwan Taiwan 20.9 19.9 15.7 19.6 22.7 20.7 22.3
13 Mexico Mexico 17.6 17.2 14.2 17.0 18.1 18.1 18.4 est
14 France France 19.3 17.9 12.8 15.4 15.8 15.6 15.7
15 Iran Iran 10.1 10.0 10.9 12.0 13.0 14.5 15.4
16 Spain Spain 19.0 18.6 14.3 16.3 15.6 13.6 13.7
17 Canada Canada 15.6 14.8 9.0 13.0 13.1 13.5 12.5 est
18 United Kingdom United Kingdom 14.3 13.5 10.1 9.7 9.5 9.6 11.9
19 Poland Poland 10.6 9.7 7.2 8.0 8.8 8.4 8.0
20 Austria Austria 7.6 7.6 5.7 7.2 7.5 7.4 7.9
21 South Africa South Africa 9.1 8.3 7.5 8.5 6.7 7.1 7.2 est
22 Belgium Belgium 10.7 10.7 5.6 8.1 8.1 7.4 7.1
23 Egypt Egypt 6.2 6.2 5.5 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8
24 Netherlands Netherlands 7.4 6.8 5.2 6.7 6.9 6.9 6.7 est
25 Malaysia Malaysia 6.9 6.4 4.0 4.1 5.9 5.6 5.9 est
26 Vietnam Vietnam 2.3 2.7 2.7 2.7 4.9 5.3 5.6
27 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 4.6 4.7 4.7 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.4
28 Czech Republic Czech Republic 7.1 6.4 4.6 5.2 5.6 5.1 5.2
29 Argentina Argentina 5.4 5.5 4.0 5.1 5.7 5.0 5.2
30 Australia Australia 7.9 7.6 5.2 7.3 6.4 4.9 4.6 est
31 Slovakia Slovakia 5.1 4.5 3.7 4.6 4.2 4.4 4.5
32 Sweden Sweden 5.7 5.2 2.8 4.8 4.9 4.3 4.4
33 Finland Finland 4.4 4.4 3.1 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.5
34 Thailand Thailand 5.6 5.2 3.6 3.7 4.2 3.3 3.5 est
35 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 4.8 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.7 3.9 3.3 est
36 Romania Romania 6.3 5.0 2.7 3.9 3.8 3.3 2.9
37 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 0.09 0.09 0.2 0.5 2.0 2.4 2.9 est
38 Indonesia Indonesia 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.6 2.3 2.4 est
39 Belarus Belarus 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.3
40 Venezuela Venezuela 5.0 4.2 3.8 2.2 3.1 2.4 2.3
 Others[6] 30.7 (est.) 28.6 (est.) 23.3 (est.) 26.5 (est.) 29.9 29.5 28.4

Exports[edit]

Top steel exporters in 2013[7]
Rank Country Volume
1 China 61.5
2 Japan 42.5
- European Union[8] 38.7
3 South Korea 28.9
4 Ukraine 24.7
4 Germany 24.3
6 Russia 23.6
7 Turkey 17.3
8 Italy 16.9
9 France 14.2
10 Belgium 13.9
11 United States 12.5
12 Taiwan 11.6
13 India 10.1
14 Spain 9.3
15 Netherlands 8.8
Top steel net exporter in 2013[7]
Rank Country Volume
1 China 46.8
2 Japan 37.1
3 Ukraine 23.0
4 Russia 17.1
5 South Korea 9.9
- European Union[8] 7.9
6 Brazil 4.4
7 Taiwan 3.8
7 Belgium 3.8
9 Austria 3.7
10 Turkey 2.8
11 Netherlands 2.6
11 Slovakia 2.6
13 India 2.3

Imports[edit]

Top steel importers in 2013[7]
Rank Country Volume
- European Union[8] 30.8
1 United States 30.3
2 Germany 22.1
3 South Korea 19.0
4 Thailand 15.9
5 Italy 15.6
6 China 14.8
7 Turkey 14.5
8 France 13.2
9 Indonesia 12.3
10 Belgium 10.1
11 Vietnam 10.0
12 Canada 8.9
13 Poland 8.1
14 Taiwan 7.8
15 Mexico 7.7
Top steel net importers in 2013[7]
Rank Country Volume
1 United States 17.8
2 Thailand 14.4
3 Indonesia 11.6
4 Vietnam 8.6
5 Saudi Arabia 6.4
6 United Arab Emirates 5.3
7 Algeria 5.1
8 Philippines 4.8
9 Iraq 4.5
10 Egypt 3.9
10 Singapore 3.9
12 Hong Kong 3.2
13 Canada 3.1
13 Poland 3.1
15 Iran 2.7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Steel Association World Crude Steel Production 2009
  2. ^ World Crude Steel Production 2010
  3. ^ World Crude Steel Production 2011
  4. ^ http://www.worldsteel.org/dms/internetDocumentList/press-release-downloads/2012/2012-statistics-table/document/2012%20statistics%20table.pdf World Crude Steel Production 2012
  5. ^ "World Steel Statistics data 2013". World Steel Association. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 
  6. ^ composition of other countries vary year to year, thus is not comparable
  7. ^ a b c d World Steel Association: WORLD STEEL IN FIGURES 2014
  8. ^ a b c excluding intra-regional trade

External links[edit]