Steeple Aston

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Not to be confused with Steeple Ashton. ‹See Tfd›

Coordinates: 51°55′41″N 1°18′32″W / 51.928°N 1.309°W / 51.928; -1.309

Steeple Aston
Steeple Aston in 2005.jpg
Paines Hill, Steeple Aston
Steeple Aston is located in Oxfordshire
Steeple Aston
Steeple Aston
 Steeple Aston shown within Oxfordshire
Population 920 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SP4725
Civil parish Steeple Aston
District Cherwell
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Bicester
Postcode district OX25
Dialling code 01869
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Banbury
Website Steeple Aston oxfordshire
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Steeple Aston is a village and civil parish on the edge of the Cherwell Valley in Oxfordshire, England, about 7 miles (11 km) west of Bicester and 10 miles (16 km) south of Banbury. In 1988, parts of the village were designated a conservation area.[2]

History[edit]

The earliest evidence of occupation in the area is an Iron Age burial site in the west of the parish near Hopcroft's Holt.[3][4]

The Domesday Book of 1086 records Steeple Aston as Estone, derived from East Tun meaning "east village". By 1220 it was Stipelestun, with the "steeple" prefix referring to the church tower.[3]

The Domesday Book records that in 1086 Odo, Bishop of Bayeux was overlord of the manor of Steeple Aston.[3]

The Holt Hotel at Hopcroft's Holt, about 1 mile (1.6 km) south-west of the village on the A4260 main road began as a coaching inn in 1475. It was frequented by the 17th century highwayman Claude Duval who is said to haunt it.[5] In 1754 the licensee and his wife at Hopcroft's Holt were murdered.[3] In 1774 the inn at Hopcroft's Holt was called the King's Arms.[3]

The village has several 17th-century buildings from the Great Rebuilding of England. The School formerly occupied a building in North Side built in 1640. Next to it are Radcliffe's Almshouses which Brasenose College founded in the 1660s. In South Side, Grange Cottage is early 17th century and Manor Farm House is late 17th century.[6]

Church and chapel[edit]

Parish church of SS Peter & Paul

The Church of England parish church of Saints Peter and Paul is 13th century, with subsequent Perpendicular Gothic alterations, and the architect John Plowman restored it in 1842.[6] The parish church is the source of the Steeple Aston cope, an important piece of 14th century embroidery now on loan to the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.

The church tower has a ring of eight bells.[7] Richard Keene of Burford[8] cast the three oldest bells in 1674 and 1675.[9] A further bell was cast in 1700 by one of the Chandler family[9] of bell-founders from Drayton Parslow[8] in Buckinghamshire. Two bells were added in the 19th century cast by the Whitechapel Bell Foundry: one cast by Thomas Mears II in 1827[9] and the other, the present tenor, cast by Mears and Stainbank in 1879.[9] This completed a ring of six bells,[3] with the smallest of the Keene bells being the treble. In 1986 the Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast two slightly smaller bells which were added as a new treble and second bell, increasing the ring to eight.[9] SS Peter and Paul has also a Sanctus bell, cast in 1701 by Henry Bagley II,[9] who had foundries in the Northamptonshire villages of Chacombe and Ecton.[8]

Steeple Aston had a small number of recusants in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries and a small number of Quakers in the 17th century.[3] Methodist meetings were held in the home of one of the villagers for a few years early in the 19th century but had ceased by 1817.[3] Meetings were held in 1838 and 1839 to hear Primitive Methodist preachers and were well-attended despite uproarious organised protests.[3] A Methodist chapel in South Street was opened in 1852. It was used for worship until 1968 when it was converted into a shop.[3]

Governance[edit]

Steeple Aston has a parish council that meets monthly in the village hall. The council has 7 members and is chaired by Margaret Mason.[10] The village forms part of The Astons and The Heyfords ward of Cherwell District Council and has two Conservative councillors, Luke Annaly and James Macnamara.[10] For Oxfordshire County Council the village is in the Deddington ward, represented by Conservative Councillor Ray Jeff.[10] The parish is in the Banbury Constituency, represented by Tony Baldry MP.[11]

Geography[edit]

Steeple Aston is in the Cherwell District of Oxfordshire, about 7 miles (11 km) west of Bicester and 12 miles (19 km) north of the county seat of Oxford. The village is 108 metres (354 ft) above sea level. The River Cherwell and the Oxford Canal pass 1 mile (1.6 km) east of the village. The river forms part of the eastern boundary of the parish. The parish's southern boundary, 0.5 miles (800 m) south of the village, also forms part of Cherwell District's boundary with West Oxfordshire.

Amenities[edit]

Steeple Aston village has one public house. The Red Lion opened in 1903 and is controlled by Hook Norton Brewery.[12] It previously had a second pub, The White Lion opened in 1870. There is also The Holt Hotel public house on the edge of the parish on the A4260 main road about 1 mile (1.6 km) south-west of the village.

The village has a village shop and post office, pre-school, village hall, and a sports and recreation club and sports pitch. Annual parish events include the Whit Races, and the spring and summer flower shows.[2] A mobile library also calls at the village on alternate Thursdays.[13]

The Steeple Aston Players is an amateur dramatic group that regularly perform plays in the village.

Steeple Aston Village Archive (SAVA)[14] holds annual talks and exhibitions and has produced CDs and books, all on the subject of the village's history.

Steeple Aston Cricket Club is an all-inclusive village side with players aged between 10 and 59, playing against surrounding villages. In the last ten years, the club has won two thirds of its matches.

Transport[edit]

Steeple Aston lies east of the A4260 road between Banbury and Oxford. To the east it is linked with Bicester by the B4030. About 1 mile (1.6 km) south-east of the village is Heyford railway station providing a rail link to Banbury, Oxford and Birmingham. The nearest motorway access is via junctions 9 or 10 of the M40. On the edge of the village is the narrow-gauge Beeches Light Railway owned by Adrian Shooter.

Education[edit]

Steeple Aston has one school, Dr. Radcliffe's Church of England Primary School, in Firs Lane.[15] Dr. Samuel Radcliffe, principal of Brasenose College, Oxford,[16] founded it in 1640 along with a pair of almshouses.[3]

Most secondary school pupils from the village attend The Warriner School, Bloxham near Banbury.[17]

Parish Magazine and website[edit]

Steeple Aston Life, which was first printed in August 1973,[18] is a monthly magazine delivered freely to all residents and sold at the village shop.[2] There is also a parish website.[19]

References[edit]

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]