Steeple Barton

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Steeple Barton
St Mary the Virgin's, Steeple Barton - geograph.org.uk - 370354.jpg
St Mary the Virgin parish church
Steeple Barton is located in Oxfordshire
Steeple Barton
Steeple Barton
 Steeple Barton shown within Oxfordshire
Population 1,523 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SP4425
Civil parish Steeple Barton
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Bicester
Postcode district OX25
Dialling code 01869
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
Website Steeple Barton Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 51°55′19″N 1°21′04″W / 51.922°N 1.351°W / 51.922; -1.351

Steeple Barton is a civil parish and scattered settlement on the River Dorn in West Oxfordshire, about 8 12 miles (13.7 km) east of Chipping Norton, a similar distance west of Bicester and 9 miles (14 km) south of Banbury. Most of the parish's population lives in the village of Middle Barton, about 1 mile (1.6 km) northwest of the settlement of Steeple Barton. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 1,523.[1]

Much of the parish's eastern boundary is formed by the former turnpike between Oxford and Banbury, now classified the A4260 road. The minor road between Middle Barton and Kiddington forms part of the western boundary. Field boundaries form most of the rest of the boundaries of the parish.

Archaeology[edit]

Near Barton Lodge are two Hoar Stones[2] that are the remains of Neolithic chamber tombs.[3]

Manor[edit]

Monument to John Dormer (died 1581) and his wife, now at SS. Leonard and James, Rousham. It was in St Mary the Virgin's parish church at Steeple Barton until 1851

The Domesday Book of 1086 records that a manor of 10 hides at Barton was one of many English manors under the feudal overlordship of Odo, Bishop of Bayeux.[2]

Late in the 12th century Thomas St John had a set of fish ponds made that were fed by the River Dorn.[2] Their remains are visible about 990 yards (910 m) north of the parish church.

The former manor house at Sesswell's Barton was built in about 1570 for John Dormer and altered for the recusant Ralph Sheldon in 1678–79.[2] The house was remodelled between 1849 and about 1862 to Tudor Revival designs by the architect S.S. Teulon.[2] In about 1860 it was renamed Barton Abbey on the false assumption that the Augustinian Osney Abbey had a cell here.[2][3] The house was altered again in either the 1890s[3] or the early years of the 20th century.[2]

Philip Constable of Everingham, Yorkshire was a Royalist in the English Civil War who was connected with Steeple Barton and was made a baronet in 1642. After the Parliamentarians won the war, they deprived him of all his estates. He died in 1644 and is buried in the south aisle of St Mary's parish church. Like the Sheldons, later members of the Constable family were recusants, including Humphrey Constable who was reported as such in 1663 and 1682 and Michael Constable who was reported in 1706.[2]

Parish church[edit]

St Mary the Virgin parish church before it was largely demolished and replaced in 1850

The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary the Virgin had been built by 1190, by which time it had been given to Osney Abbey.[2] Little of the original building is recognisable except the Norman font.[3] The south aisle was added in the 14th century.[3] Its surviving original features include the south porch and five-bay arcade, both of which are Decorated Gothic.[3] The Perpendicular Gothic[3] west tower was added in the 15th century.[2] The chancel was rebuilt and the nave and south aisle drastically restored in 1850–51 under the direction of the Gothic Revival architect J.C. Buckler.[2][3]

The tower has a ring of five bells. Richard Keene of Woodstock[4] cast the treble and second bells in 1698.[5] Charles and George Mears of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry[4] cast the remainder including the tenor bell in 1851.[5]

St. Mary's Vicarage was designed by S.S. Teulon and built in 1856.[3]

St. Mary's was a dependent chapelry of Sandford St. Martin until the 16th century.[2] In 1960 St Mary's Benefice was merged with that of Westcott Barton, and in 1977 this united benefice was combined with the parishes of Duns Tew and Sandford St Martin.[2][6]

Social and economic history[edit]

Victorian era Post Office wall box outside a cottage in Back Lane

Anne Greene was born in the parish in 1628 and later became a domestic servant at the manor house in the neighbouring parish of Duns Tew.[7] In 1650 she was convicted of infanticide on apparently doubtful evidence, was hanged at Oxford Castle but survived and was pardoned.[7]

The agricultural lands of Steeple Barton and Westcott Barton were worked as a single unit.[2] An open field system of farming prevailed in the two parishes until an Inclosure Act for their common lands was implemented in 1796.[2]

The main road between Bicester and Enstone traverses the parish east – west. It was turnpiked in 1793, disturnpiked in 1876 and is now classified the B4030 road.

Sport and leisure[edit]

Steeple Barton parish has a Non-League football club, Middle Barton F.C., that was founded in 1928.[8] Its home ground is at Middle Barton Sports and Social Club on Worton Road. The parish has also a tennis club, a bowls club [8] and a drama group.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Steeple Barton (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Crossley 1983, pp. 59–75
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 788.
  4. ^ a b Dovemaster (25 June 2010). "Bell Founders". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Davies, Peter (22 March 2007). "Steeple Barton S Mary". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  6. ^ Archbishops' Council (2010). "Benefice of Westcote Barton with Steeple Barton Duns Tew etc". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 11 August 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Alsager.
  8. ^ a b "Local Organisations". Steeple Barton Parish Council. 2009. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "Middle Barton Drama Group". Retrieved 10 September 2014. 

Sources and further reading[edit]

Interior of St Mary the Virgin parish church, showing 14th century Decorated Gothic arcade

External links[edit]