Stefan Bergman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Stefan Bergman (5 May 1895 – 6 June 1977) was a Polish-born American mathematician whose primary work was in complex analysis. He is best known for the kernel function he discovered while at Berlin University in 1922. This function is known today as the Bergman kernel. Bergman taught for many years at Stanford University, and served as an advisor to several students.[1]

Biography[edit]

Born in Częstochowa, Congress Poland, Russian Empire, Bergman received his Ph.D. at Berlin University in 1921 for a dissertation on Fourier analysis. His advisor, Richard von Mises, had a strong influence on him, lasting for the rest of his career.[2] In 1933, Bergman was forced to leave his post at the Berlin University because he was a Jew. He fled first to Russia, where he stayed until 1939, and then to Paris. In 1939, he emigrated to the United States, where he would remain for the rest of life.[2] He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1951.[3] In 1962 he was an invited speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Stockholm (On meromorphic functions of several complex variables). He died in Palo Alto, California, aged 82.

The Bergman Prize[edit]

The Stefan Bergman Prize in mathematics, was initiated by Bergman's wife in her will, in memory of her husband's work. The American Mathematical Society supports the prize and selects the committee of judges.[4] The prize is awarded for:[4]

  1. the theory of the kernel function and its applications in real and complex analysis; or
  2. function-theoretic methods in the theory of partial differential equations of elliptic type with a special attention to Bergman's and related operator methods.

Selected publications[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stefan Bergman at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  2. ^ a b O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Stefan Bergman", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews ..
  3. ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter B". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved June 16, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Other Prizes and Awards Supported by the AMS
  5. ^ See the review by Gelbart, Abe (1942). "Review: Stefan Bergman, Sur les fonctions orthogonales de plusieurs variables complexes avec les applications à la théorie des fonctions analytiques". Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society 48 (1): 15–18. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1942-07606-3. .
  6. ^ See the review by Behnke, H. (1951). "Review: Stefan Bergman, Sur la fonction-noyau d'un domaine et ses applications dans la théorie du transformations pseudo-conformes". Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society 57 (3): 186–188. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1951-09483-5. .
  7. ^ Behnke, H. (1952). "Review: Stefan Bergman, The kernel function and conformal mapping". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 58 (1): 76–78. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1952-09553-7. 
  8. ^ Henrici, Peter (1955). "Review: S. Bergman and M. Schiffer, Kernel Functions and elliptic differential equations in mathematical physics". Bull. Amer. Math. Socl 61 (6): 596–600. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1955-10005-5. 
  9. ^ Kreyszig, Erwin (1962). "Review: Stefan Bergman, Integral operators in the theory of linear partial differential equations". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 68 (3): 161–162. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1962-10724-1.