Stefan Bogoridi

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Stefan Bogoridi
StefanBogoridi2.jpg
Prince of Samos
In office
1832–1850
Preceded by Position created
Succeeded by Alexandros Kallimachis
Caimacam of Wallachia
In office
1821–1821
Preceded by Alexandros Soutzos (as Prince of Wallachia)
Succeeded by Scarlat Callimachi (as Prince of Wallachia)
Caimacam of Moldavia
In office
1821–1822
Preceded by Veniamin Costache (as Caimacam)
Succeeded by Ioan Sturdza (as Prince of Moldavia)
Personal details
Born 1775 or 1780
Kotel, Ottoman Empire, now in Bulgaria
Died January 8, 1859(1859-01-08)
Spouse(s) Ralou Skilitzi
Profession Statesman
Religion Bulgarian Orthodox

Prince (Knyaz or Bey) Stefan Bogoridi (born Стойко Цонков Стойков, Stoyko Tsonkov Stoykov; Bulgarian: княз Стефан Богориди; Greek: Στέφανος Βογορίδης; Romanian: Ștefan Vogoride; Turkish: Stefanaki Bey; 1775 or 1780–August 1, 1859) was a high ranking Ottoman statesman of Bulgarian origin, grandson of Sophronius of Vratsa and father of Alexander Bogoridi and Nicolae Vogoride. Stefan and his brother Athanase were named Bogoridi after Boris I, the first Christian ruler of Bulgaria (who was also known under the name Bogoris). Their parents were Ioan Vogoridi and Ana N.[1]

Biography[edit]

Born in Kotel, Bogoridi studied in the Greek-language Princely Academy in Bucharest, Wallachia, where he changed his Bulgarian name Stoyko for the Romanian Ștefan. After finishing his studies, Bogoridi joined the Ottoman fleet as Dragoman and, under the command of Seid Mustafa Pasha (future Sultan Mustafa IV), took part in the Second Battle of Abukir against Napoleon Bonaparte in Egypt, making a miraculous escape after the defeat of the Ottoman forces.

In 1812, Stefan Bogoridi went to Moldavia with Prince Scarlat Callimachi, who appointed him governor of Galați (1812-1819). In 1821, during the local uprising of Tudor Vladimirescu and the invasion of Filiki Eteria as part of the Greek War of Independence, Bogoridi was nominal Caimacam of Wallachia; the following year, after the sweeping Ottoman offensive against Alexander Ypsilantis, he held the actual position of Caimacam in Moldavia 1822, and then returned as Dragoman of the Ottoman fleet. Between 1825 and 1828, he was exiled in Anatolia.

After the Russo-Turkish War of 1828-1829 and the Treaty of Adrianople, he was an advisor of Mahmud II, who gave him the title of prince (bey, ηγεμόνας) and appointed him governor of the island of Samos. He visited Samos only once in 1839 and ruled the island from Istanbul. Bogoridi, who renamed the capital of the island Stefanopolis after himself, was hated by the local Greek population due to his arbitrary rule. The Samians revolved against him in 1849 and had the Sultan dismiss him in 1850.

Under Abdülmecid I, Bogoridi was a member of the Tanzimat Council and an imperial counsellor. His was the only Christian who after the fall of Constantinople in 1453 had welcomed an Ottoman sultan as a guest in his house. He obtained permission from Abdülmecid for building a Bulgarian Orthodox church in Istanbul, and donated his house in Fener (1849). On that spot, the famous Bulgarian Iron church was later erected, and named Saint Stephen in memory of him. He died in Istanbul.

References[edit]

Preceded by
Alexander Ypsilantis
Caimacam of Moldavia
1821–1822
Succeeded by
Ioan Sturdza