|Date of birth||2 August 1968|
|Place of birth||Hamburg, West Germany|
|Height||1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)|
|1988–1990||West Germany U21||5||(1)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
Stefan Effenberg (German pronunciation: [ˈʃtɛfan ˈɛfəmbɛɐ̯k]; born 2 August 1968) is a retired German footballer. An attacking central midfielder, he possessed leadership skills, fantastic passing range, powerful shooting ability, physical strength, but also a fearsome and controversial character.
In the Bundesliga alone – where he represented most notably Bayern Munich, in six seasons in two different spells – Effenberg collected 109 yellow cards, an all-time worst at the time of his retirement.
He played for Germany on more than 30 occasions – in a career which was cut short after a run-in with the management – representing the nation in one World Cup and one European Championship. His nickname is Der Tiger [dɛɐ̯ ˈtiːɡɐ] (the tiger).
Born and raised in Niendorf, Hamburg, Effenberg started his professional career with Borussia Mönchengladbach, being an undisputed first-choice by age 20. This prompted the interest from Bundesliga giants FC Bayern Munich, and he proceeded to score 19 goals in his first two seasons combined, but the club did not win any silverware whatsoever.
After legendary Lothar Matthäus (who also represented Mönchengladbach) returned to Bayern in 1992, Effenberg moved to ACF Fiorentina, being relegated from Serie A in his first season, in a side that also included Dane Brian Laudrup and Argentine Gabriel Batistuta.
Effenberg then moved back to Gladbach, where he amassed a further 118 league matches, with 23 goals, before being re-signed by Bayern in 1998. Effenberg's second spell with the Bavarians was much more successful, as he collected three Bundesliga titles in a row. The team also reached two UEFA Champions League finals, the first of which was a 1–2 defeat to Manchester United F.C. in 1999. Bayern returned to the final in 2001 with Effenberg as captain. He scored Bayern's equalising goal from the penalty spot in a triumph against Valencia (1–1, penalty shootout win). After the final, Effenberg was named the Most Valuable Player of the 2000–01 UEFA Champions League. After his departure, club fans voted him one of the eleven greatest Bayern players of all time.
Effenberg played 35 games for the German national team and scored five goals. His debut came on 5 June 1991, in a Euro 1992 qualifier against Wales, as he played the last 18 minutes of a 0–1 away loss. He would be an everpresent fixture during the final stages, even netting in the second group stage match, a 2–0 win over Scotland.
However, Effenberg's international career was marked by controversy and several years in the international wilderness, after the German Football Association refused to consider him for selection following an incident at the 1994 FIFA World Cup. In the group game against South Korea, Effenberg had gestured in an inappropriate manner ("gave the finger") to fans at the Cotton Bowl in Dallas when he got substituted after a subpar performance; the Germans were then only one goal up, after leading 3–0. Because of this incident, coach Berti Vogts decided to drop Effenberg from the German national team for the remainder of the tournament.
Effenberg was briefly re-instated to the national team four years later for a couple of friendly matches in September. These games proved to be his last caps and also Vogts' final matches in charge of the national team.
- Scores and results table. Germany's goal tally first:
|1.||15 June 1992||Idrottsparken, Norrköping, Sweden||Scotland||2–0||2–0||UEFA Euro 1992|
|2.||9 September 1992||Parken Stadium, Copenhagen, Denmark||Denmark||2–1||2–1||Friendly|
|3.||14 April 1993||Ruhrstadion, Bochum, Germany||Ghana||2–1||6–1||Friendly|
|4.||14 April 1993||Ruhrstadion, Bochum, Germany||Ghana||4–1||6–1||Friendly|
|5.||19 June 1993||Silverdome, Detroit, USA||England||1–0||2–1||U.S. Cup|
|Club performance||League||Cup||League Cup||Continental||Total|
|Italy||League||Coppa Italia||League Cup||Europe||Total|
|2003–04||Al-Arabi||Qatar Stars League||15||4||0||0||0||0||0||0||15||4|
|Germany national team|
- DFL-Supercup: 1990
- Serie B: 1993–94
- DFB-Pokal: 1994–95, 1999–2000; Runner-up 1998–99
- DFB-Ligapokal: 1998, 1999, 2000
- Bundesliga: 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2000–01; Runner-up 1990–91
- UEFA Champions League: 2000–01; Runner-up 1998–99
- UEFA Super Cup: Runner-up 2001
- UEFA European Football Championship Teams of the Tournament: 1992
- ESM Team of the Year: 1999
- UEFA Club Footballer of the Year: 2001
Effenberg had a history of attracting attention and ire from fans and other players alike with his behaviour. In 1991, prior to a UEFA Cup game against then-semi-professional Cork City, Effenberg told the press he was sure of a victory, saying Cork City midfielder Dave Barry was "like (his) grandfather". Barry got his retribution by scoring the opening goal in the team's 1–1 draw at Musgrave Park.
In the late 1990s, Effenberg was rarely out of the tabloids, especially when he left his wife Martina and revealed an affair with Claudia Strunz, who at that time was the wife of former team mate Thomas Strunz. Later, the player published a controversial autobiography, notorious for its blatant contents – which included lashing out at some other football professionals, namely club and national side mate Matthäus.
In 2001, Effenberg was fined after being found guilty of assaulting a woman in a nightclub. The following year, he implied that unemployed people in Germany were in fact too lazy to look for work, and demanded they took benefit cuts. The interview issued in Playboy.
- Fearon, Matthew (25 March 2009). "Dream Teams: Bayern Munich". UK: The Independent. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "2000/01: Kahn saves day for Bayern". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "Fans name greatest Reds of all time". FC Bayern. 1 June 2005. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
- "Effenberg quits Wolfsburg with immediate effect". ABC News. 3 April 2003. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "Stefan Effenberg". 123Football. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "Doing it his own way". China Daily. 15 May 2003. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "Effenberg's day of shame". UEFA.com. 24 June 2002. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "Effenberg, Stefan" (in German). kicker. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- Arnhold, Matthias (2 November 2002). "Stefan Effenberg – International Appearances". RSSSF. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "Cork City 1 – Bayern Munich 1" (in German).[dead link]
- "Effenberg pays penalty". BBC Sport. 16 August 2001. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "Scholl hangs up international boots". BBC Sport. 24 April 2002. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "Matthaeus is 'a real quitter,' says Effenberg". Sports Illustrated. 2 May 2003. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "Stefan Effenberg bids his final farewell". Monsters and Critics. 21 July 2005. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- Stefan Effenberg at fussballdaten.de (German)
- Stefan Effenberg at National-Football-Teams.com
- Official website (German)