Stefan Jędrychowski

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Stefan Jędrychowski
Minister of Finance
In office
1971–1974
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
22 December 1968 – 22 December 1971
Preceded by Adam Rapacki
Succeeded by Stefan Olszowski
Deputy Prime Minister
In office
12 December 1951 – 24 October 1956
Preceded by Hipolit Chelchowski
Succeeded by Tadeusz Gade
Personal details
Born 9 May 1910
Warsaw
Died 1996 (aged 85-86)
Nationality Polish
Political party Soviet Communist Party
Polish United Workers' Party
Alma mater Stefan Batory University

Stefan Jędrychowski (9 May 1910 - 1996)[1] was a Polish journalist and communist politician, who served as deputy prime minister, foreign minister and finance minister.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Warsaw on 9 May 1910, Jędrychowski hailed from a middle-class Catholic family, who owned properties and apartment houses in Wilno, then in the Russian part of Poland.[2][3] His mother was of German origin.[2]

He studied law and social science at Stefan Batory University in Wilno, graduating in 1932.[2] Then he obtained a master's degree in law from the same university.[3] He also received a PhD in economics.[3][4] He began his political career as a radical leftist Catholic in the group called "Odrodzenie" (renaissance) when he was an undergraduate student.[5] Then he switched to a youth organization "Legion Mlodych" (The Legion of Youth) that was founded by Józef Piłsudski after he took over the Polish government in 1926.[2] Jędrychowski became a member of the group's regional command.[2]

Career and activities[edit]

Jędrychowski began his career as an assistant lecturer in economics at Stefan Batory University.[3] In 1936, he joined the Communist Party.[3] In September 1939, he began to work as a journalist in Wilno.[3][5] Then he was named deputy editor of the local communist daily which had been published by the Soviet authorities.[3] He became a Soviet citizen and a member of the Soviet Communist Party.[3] Following the annexation of Lithuania to the Soviet Union he served at the Supreme Soviet as a deputy.[3]

Later he continued his activities in the Polish committee of national liberation’ (PKWN), which was formed on 22 July 1944.[6] Shortly after he began to serve as the PKWN's representative in Moscow.[6] He was also the Warsaw government’s delegate in France in 1945.[4] In addition, he headed the department of information and propaganda under the PKWN.[7] From 1945 to 1947 he served as minister of navigation and foreign trade in the national unity government.[3] Next he joined the Polish United Workers' party.[8] And he became an alternate member of the party's central committee or politburo.[9]

He served as the vice president or deputy prime minister at the Polish cabinet, also known as Rada Ministrów, from 12 December 1951 to 24 October 1956.[1][10] He worked as the head of the planning office, Komisja Planowania, from 1956 to 1971.[11][12] He was also promoted to the full membership of the party's central committee on 21 October 1956, being one of nine members.[9][13] At the committee he assumed the post of chief economic advisor.[14] He served as the minister of foreign affairs from 22 December 1968 to 22 December 1971.[1] In December 1971, his membership at the central committee of the party ended.[12][15] Next he was named minister of finance in 1971 and his term ended in 1974.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Polish Ministries". Rulers. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "The Communist Leadership". Open Society Archives. 14 May 1950. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Oscar Halecki (1957). Poland. New York: Frederick A. Praeger.   – via Questia (subscription required)
  4. ^ a b "Solidarity Between Jews and Poles Stressed by Warsaw Govt. Envoy at Paris Meeting". JTA Archive. 18 February 1945. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "People in the Polish committee of liberation". Catholic Herald. 4 August 1944. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Tebinka, Jacek. "Policy of The Soviet Union towards The Warsaw Uprising 1 August – 2 October 1944". London Branch of the Polish Home Army Ex-Servicemen Association. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Soviet Puppet Government in Poland". Polish Information Center 1939-1945. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  8. ^ Applebaum, Anne (22 November 2012). "How the Communists Inexorably Changed Life". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Tadeusz N. Cieplak (1 January 1972). Poland Since 1956. Ardent Media. p. 9. GGKEY:05P4FRN9EUP. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Overview of the Stefan Jędrychowski papers". Online Archive of California. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  11. ^ Sharp, Samuel L. (1953). Poland White Eagle on a Red Field. Harvard University Press. 
  12. ^ a b "Jan Svoboda’s Notes on the CPSU CC Presidium Meeting with Satellite Leaders, 24 October 1956". The George Washington University. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  13. ^ Gluchowski, L. W. (Spring 1995). "Poland, 1956". Wilson Bulletin (5). Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  14. ^ Rozenbaum, Wlodzimierz (1997). "The Anti-Zionist Campaign in Poland, June - December 1967". Intermarium 1 (3). Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  15. ^ "Polish Communists Get Younger Men". The Sun (Warsaw). Reuters. 14 December 1971. Retrieved 14 July 2013.