|Leader of the Opposition|
27 January 2012
|Prime Minister||Fredrik Reinfeldt|
|Preceded by||Gustav Fridolin
|Leader of the Social Democratic Party|
27 January 2012
|Preceded by||Håkan Juholt|
|Chairperson of IF Metall|
1 January 2006 – 27 January 2012
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Anders Ferbe|
21 July 1957 |
|Political party||Social Democratic Party|
|Alma mater||Umeå University|
Kjell Stefan Löfven (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈsteːfan lœˈveːn]; born 21 July 1957) is a Swedish politician who has been the Leader of the Opposition and the Leader of the Social Democratic Party since 2012. He had worked as a welder before becoming an active trade unionist and rising to lead the powerful IF Metall from 2006 to 2012.
Early life and education
Kjell Stefan Löfven was born in Stockholm, on 21 July 1957. He was an orphanage 10 months after his birth. Löfven was later adopted by a foster family from Sunnersta, Sollefteå. According to the adopting agreement, his birth mother would have retrieved custody of the child when she was able to; however, this did not happen. After meeting his brother, Kjell found out that his last name is spelled Löfven, although he prefers to spell it as Löfvén, and this is how it appears in the Swedish population register. His foster father Ture Melander (1926–2003) was a lumberjack and then a factory worker, while his foster mother, Iris Melander, worked as a health visitor. He studied at Sollefteå High School before going on a welding course for 48 weeks at AMU in Kramfors. Löfven studied at the University of Social Work in Umeå, but dropped out from his course after a year and a half.
Löfven began his career in 1979 as a welder at Hägglunds in Örnsköldsvik. Two years later, he was chosen as the group's union representative, and went on to hold a succession of union posts. In 1995, he started as an employed ombudsman in the Swedish Metalworkers' Union, working in the areas of contract negotiations and international affairs. In 2001, he was elected vice-chairman of the Metalworkers' Union, and in November 2005 was elected to be the first Chairman of the newly formed IF Metall.
Löfven was first elected to the executive board of the Swedish Social Democratic Party in 2006, shortly after he became Chairman of IF Metall. In January 2012, following the resignation of Håkan Juholt, it was reported that Löfven was being considered as his successor as Leader. On 27 January 2012, Löfven was subsequently elected Leader in a party-room ballot, therefore becoming the Leader of the Opposition.
- "Ordförandens sida" (in Swedish). IF Metall. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
- Holmberg, Elin (26 January 2012). "Stefan Löfven: "Sörvåge är hemma"". allehanda.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- Sveriges dödbok 1901-2009 [Swedish death index 1901-2009] (in Swedish) (Version 5.0 ed.). Solna: Sveriges släktforskarförbund. 2010. ISBN 978-91-87676-59-8.
- Stenberg, Ewa (26 January 2012). "Jag kommer att vara jätteglad att fortsätta bygga". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 26 January 2012.
- "Källor till SvD: Löfven ny S-ledare". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). 26 January 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
- "Positiva reaktioner på Löfven". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 27 January 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- Richard Orange. "Tough on finance, tough on migrants: how Stefan Löfven brought Sweden's left in from the cold". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
|Non-profit organisation positions|
|New office||Chairperson of IF Metall
|Party political offices|
|Leader of the Social Democratic Party
|Leader of the Opposition