Stein, Aargau

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Stein
Stein and the Rhine River
Stein and the Rhine River
Coat of arms of Stein
Coat of arms
Stein is located in Switzerland
Stein
Stein
Coordinates: 47°33′N 7°57′E / 47.550°N 7.950°E / 47.550; 7.950Coordinates: 47°33′N 7°57′E / 47.550°N 7.950°E / 47.550; 7.950
Country Switzerland
Canton Aargau
District Rheinfelden
Area[1]
 • Total 2.81 km2 (1.08 sq mi)
Elevation 299 m (981 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 3,037
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Postal code 4332
SFOS number 4260
Surrounded by Bad Säckingen (DE-BW), Mumpf, Münchwilen, Obermumpf, Sisseln
Website www.gemeinde-stein.ch
SFSO statistics

Stein is a municipality in the district of Rheinfelden in the canton of Aargau in Switzerland.

The town lies across the Rhine River from Bad Säckingen in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Two bridges link the two city, one vehicular (Fridolinsbrücke) and the other, the Holzbrücke pedestrian bridge.

The train station Stein-Säckingen is located in Stein.

Geography[edit]

Hydroelectric power plant that crosses the Rhine from Bad Säckingen (Germany) and Stein (Switzerland)

Stein has an area, as of 2009, of 2.81 square kilometers (1.08 sq mi). Of this area, 0.8 km2 (0.31 sq mi) or 28.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.62 km2 (0.24 sq mi) or 22.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.1 km2 (0.42 sq mi) or 39.1% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.29 km2 (0.11 sq mi) or 10.3% is either rivers or lakes.[3]

Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 8.9% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 13.9% and transportation infrastructure made up 13.5%. while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 2.1%. Out of the forested land, 19.9% of the total land area is heavily forested and 2.1% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 19.9% is used for growing crops and 7.1% is pastures, while 1.4% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is in rivers and streams.[3]

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules a Fiddle Argent bendwise with neck downwards.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Stein has a population (as of December 2013) of 3,037[2] As of June 2009, 33.6% of the population are foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years (1997–2007) the population has changed at a rate of 18.7%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German(86.6%), with Italian being second most common ( 3.6%) and Albanian being third ( 3.0%).[6]

The age distribution, as of 2008, in Stein is; 248 children or 8.8% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 317 teenagers or 11.2% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 407 people or 14.4% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 404 people or 14.3% are between 30 and 39, 513 people or 18.2% are between 40 and 49, and 400 people or 14.2% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 264 people or 9.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 168 people or 5.9% are between 70 and 79, there are 94 people or 3.3% who are between 80 and 89,and there are 10 people or 0.4% who are 90 and older.[7]

As of 2000 the average number of residents per living room was 0.58 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.57 per room. In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m2 (43 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics.[8] About 38.7% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement).[9]

As of 2000, there were 104 homes with 1 or 2 persons in the household, 657 homes with 3 or 4 persons in the household, and 255 homes with 5 or more persons in the household.[10] As of 2000, there were 1,037 private households (homes and apartments) in the municipality, and an average of 2.3 persons per household.[6] In 2008 there were 330 single family homes (or 26.7% of the total) out of a total of 1,235 homes and apartments.[11] There were a total of 7 empty apartments for a 0.6% vacancy rate.[11] As of 2007, the construction rate of new housing units was 17.6 new units per 1000 residents.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 34.45% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (17.79%), the FDP (17.11%) and the CVP (16.91%). In the federal election, a total of 600 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 37.8%.[12]

The historical population is given in the following table:[7]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1975 1,777 —    
1980 1,781 +0.2%
1990 1,926 +8.1%
2000 2,375 +23.3%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Wooden bridge between Bad Säckingen (Germany) and Stein (Switzerland)

The Säckingerbrücke (wooden bridge) at Schaffhauserstrasse is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[13]

Economy[edit]

As of 2007, Stein had an unemployment rate of 3.77%. As of 2005, there were 11 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 5 businesses involved in this sector. 1,611 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 22 businesses in this sector. 597 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 89 businesses in this sector.[6]

In 2000 there were 1,251 workers who lived in the municipality. Of these, 855 or about 68.3% of the residents worked outside Stein while 1,446 people commuted into the municipality for work. There were a total of 1,842 jobs (of at least 6 hours per week) in the municipality.[14] Of the working population, 18.6% used public transportation to get to work, and 46.2% used a private car.[6]

Religion[edit]

Roman Catholic church in Stein

From the 2000 census, 1,100 or 45.6% were Roman Catholic, while 688 or 28.5% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 30 individuals (or about 1.24% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic faith.[10]

Education[edit]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Stein about 65.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[6] Of the school age population (in the 2008/2009 school year), there are 200 students attending primary school, there are 81 students attending secondary school in the municipality.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  4. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 28-May-2010
  5. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bereich 01 -Bevölkerung (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  6. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 28-May-2010
  7. ^ a b Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bevölkerungsdaten für den Kanton Aargau und die Gemeinden (Archiv) (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  8. ^ Eurostat. "Housing (SA1)". Urban Audit Glossary (pdf). 2007. p. 18. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  9. ^ Urban Audit Glossary pg 17
  10. ^ a b c Statistical Department of Canton Aargau - Aargauer Zahlen 2009 (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  11. ^ a b Statistical Department of Canton Aargau (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  13. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte: Aargau". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  14. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau-Bereich 11 Verkehr und Nachrichtenwesen (German) accessed 21 January 2010