Stein am Rhein

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Stein am Rhein
Stein am Rhein -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Stein am Rhein
Canton Schaffhausen
District n.a.
47°39′N 8°51′E / 47.650°N 8.850°E / 47.650; 8.850Coordinates: 47°39′N 8°51′E / 47.650°N 8.850°E / 47.650; 8.850
Population 3,334 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 550 /km2 (1,425 /sq mi)
Area 5.76 km2 (2.22 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 413 m (1,355 ft)
Postal code 8260
SFOS number 2964
Executive Stadtrat
with 5 members
Mayor Stadtpräsident (list)
Claudia Pia Eimer
(as of March 2014)
Parliament Einwohnerrat
Surrounded by Eschenz (TG), Hemishofen, Öhningen (DE-BW), Wagenhausen (TG)
Website www.steinamrhein.ch
Profile (German), SFSO statistics
Stein am Rhein is located in Switzerland
Stein am Rhein
Stein am Rhein

Stein am Rhein is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen in Switzerland.

The town has a well-preserved medieval centre, retaining the ancient street plan. The site of the city wall, and the city gates are preserved, though the former city wall now consists of houses. The medieval part of the town has been pedestrianised and many of the medieval buildings are painted with beautiful frescoes.

History[edit]

Houses in the Old Town

In or around 1007 Emperor Henry II moved St George's Abbey from its former location on the Hohentwiel in Singen to Stein am Rhein, at that time little more than a small fishing village on the Rhine. This was in order to strengthen his presence at this strategic point where major road and river routes intersected. He gave the abbots extensive rights over Stein and its trade so that they could develop it commercially. In this they were very successful, and Stein am Rhein rapidly became a flourishing and prosperous town which in the 15th century was itself (if briefly) granted reichsfrei status.

The Imperial abbey also prospered and in the 15th century completely rebuilt its premises, which remain as a significant example of late Gothic architecture in the region.

Under the Reformation however the abbey was secularised and its assets taken over by Zürich. Abbot von Winkelsheim negotiated a settlement with the Zürich authorities, whereby, although control of the abbey was handed over to them, he and the remaining monks would be allowed to remain on the premises until their deaths. Zürich however suspected the abbot of collusion with the Habsburgs and locked him up in his new rooms. He was able to escape to Radolfzell, but died shortly after, in 1526.[3]

Stein am Rhein was the birthplace of Johann Heynlin (c. 1425–1496), who introduced the first printing press into France.

On February 22, 1945, the town was bombed by Allied airplanes.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules St. George armoured Azure mulleted, haired and haloed Or riding a Horse Argent to sinister holding in sinister an escutcheon Argent cross Gules and in dexter a lance Or killing a Dragon Vert.[4] This is a reference to the monastery of St. George in the town. The coat of arms bears similarity to Coat of arms of Moscow.

Geography[edit]

Aerial view of Stein am Rhein, showing the Rhine river and compact medieval town

Stein am Rhein has an area, as of 2006, of 5.8 km2 (2.2 sq mi). Of this area, 29.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 42.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 22% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (5.7%) is non-productive (rivers or lakes).[5]

The municipalities of Hemishofen and Stein am Rhein are considering a merger for some time in the future into a new municipality, whose name is not yet (as of 2009) decided.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Stein am Rhein has a population (as of 2008) of 3,189, of which 20.6% are foreign nationals. Of the foreign population, (as of 2008), 38.6% are from Germany, 6.9% are from Italy, 3.2% are from Croatia, 12.8% are from Serbia, 10.8% are from Macedonia, 1.8% are from Turkey, and 25.8% are from another country.[7] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -1.2%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (89.2%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 2.5%) and Albanian being third ( 1.4%).[5]

The age distribution of the population (as of 2008) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 19.2% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 59.2% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 21.5%.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 42% of the vote. The next two most popular parties were the SP (33%), and the FDP (24.9%) .[5]

In Stein am Rhein about 75% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[5] In Stein am Rhein, as of 2007, 1.65% of the population attend kindergarten or another pre-school, 5.66% attend a Primary School, 3.08% attend a lower level Secondary School, and 2.13% attend a higher level Secondary School.[7]

As of 2000, 25.1% of the population belonged to the Roman Catholic Church and 50.6% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church.[7]

The historical population is given in the following table:[7]

year population
1990 2,815
2000 2,995

Economy[edit]

1 Stein am Rhein 2012.jpg

Stein am Rhein has an unemployment rate (as of 2007) of 1.74%. As of 2005, there were 61 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 14 businesses involved in this sector. 553 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 45 businesses in this sector. 856 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 172 businesses in this sector.[5]

As of 2008 the mid year average unemployment rate was 2.1%. There were 217 non-agrarian businesses in the municipality and 38.6% of the (non-agrarian) population was involved in the secondary sector of the economy while 61.4% were involved in the third. At the same time, 71.1% of the working population was employed full-time, and 28.9% was employed part-time. There were 1552 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 44.1% of the workforce. As of 2000 there were 644 residents who worked in the municipality, while 714 residents worked outside Stein am Rhein and 625 people commuted into the municipality for work.[7]

As of 2008, there are 16 restaurants, and 10 hotels with 435 beds. The hospitality industry in Stein am Rhein employs 105 people.[7]

Transport[edit]

Stein am Rhein railway station is situated on the opposite (southern) bank of the Rhine to the historic centre of the town, a walk of some 500 m (1,600 ft). It is served by services to Schaffhausen, St. Gallen, Rorschach and Winterthur; trains to Schaffhausen run every 30 minutes whilst other destinations are hourly.

Culture[edit]

Stein am Rhein received the first Wakker Prize for the preservation of its architectural heritage in 1972. The award noted that Stein am Rhein was nearly unique in Switzerland and rare in all of Europe for the number of notable buildings in a compact space. It also noted the excellent care with which the city was preserved.[8]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Stein am Rhein is home to a number of buildings that are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance. There are three churches on the list; the former monastery church of St. Georg, the former Benedictine monastery church of St. Georgen and the Castle Church (Kirche auf Burg). Burg Hohenklingen above the town, an older late-Roman castle and the city walls are also included on the list. In the old city there are six houses or municipal building that are on the inventory. The former Inn Rother Ochsen at Rathausplatz 9, Haus Neubu at Bärengass 7, Haus zum Lindwurm at Understadt 18, Haus zum Weissen Adler at Oberstadt 1, Haus zur Vorderen Krone at Rathausplatz 7 and the Town Hall at Rathausplatz 1 make up the rest of the inventory.[9]

Gallery[edit]

Panorama of Stein am Rhein in late afternoon sunlight

References[edit]

  1. ^ Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ Winkel municipal website
  4. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 27-December-2009
  5. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 27-December-2009
  6. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Statistical Office of the Canton of Schaffhausen (German) accessed 2 December 2009
  8. ^ Wakker Prize (German) accessed 27 December 2009
  9. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 27-December–2009

External links[edit]