Steinbach (Taunus)

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Steinbach (Taunus)
Coat of arms of Steinbach (Taunus)
Coat of arms
Steinbach (Taunus)   is located in Germany
Steinbach (Taunus)
Steinbach (Taunus)
Coordinates: 50°10′N 8°34′E / 50.167°N 8.567°E / 50.167; 8.567Coordinates: 50°10′N 8°34′E / 50.167°N 8.567°E / 50.167; 8.567
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Darmstadt
District Hochtaunuskreis
Government
 • Mayor Stefan Naas (FDP)
Area
 • Total 4.4 km2 (1.7 sq mi)
Elevation 150-200 m (−510 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 10,186
 • Density 2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 61449
Dialling codes 06171
Vehicle registration HG
Website www.stadt-steinbach.de

Steinbach is a town in the Hochtaunuskreis that borders in the east on Frankfurt am Main. Other neighbouring towns are Oberursel, Kronberg im Taunus and Eschborn. It is in the German state of Hesse.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Steinbach is below 50 degrees 7 minutes north latitude and 28 degrees 7 minutes east longitude in the "Vordertaunus", at the Nature Park Hochtaunus and is about 7 km. Of the Frankfurt city border. In sight are heading north and west Altkönig Feldberg and to the southwest is clear visibility of the Odenwald to recognize. In the south stands the Frankfurt skyline, with sunny weather look to the Staudinger power plant in Grosskrotzenburg releases.

Neighbouring communities[edit]

Steinbach borders in the north on the town of Oberursel, in the east on the district-free city of Frankfurt, in the south on the town of Eschborn (Main-Taunus-Kreis), and in the west on the town of Kronberg.

Geology[edit]

The town is surrounded by large field corridors. In the south-east, the valley of the "Steinbach" shaped the landscape, as protected landscape element expelled. The Western region with lying scattered orchards and field hedges is part of a large-priority area for nature and landscape. Toward the northwest, the Steinbacher heath forest.

Village Facility[edit]

The old village was originally a circular village, whose houses in a region of 100 metres around the old wells run on today's "Pijnacker place" clustered. The local wells ( "Bütt") served the residents as a source of fresh water. (The water pipe was only installed in 1954 - the same time as the gas lines - after Steinbach joined the Upper Taunus district. Predictions supplied by the one-house-wells or water was by hand cars from running well.) From the square, still lower and Kirchgasse and Bornhohl - in the upper lane extension -.

Neighbours[edit]

  • N: Taunus, Altkönig, Feldberg
  • NO: Oberursel, Bad Homburg
  • O: Oberursel-Stierstadt, Oberursel-Weißkirchen, S-Bahnhof
  • SO: Frankfurt am Main (Niederursel, Praunheim)
  • S: Frankfurt (Sossenheim, Rödelheim), Eschborn-Süd
  • SW: Eschborn
  • W: Niederhöchstadt, Schwalbach, Main-Taunus-Kreis
  • NW: Kronberg, Oberhöchstadt

Coat of arms[edit]

Steinbach's civic coat of arms shows a harnessed spring with two spouts out of both of which is coming water, pouring into a vat. This heraldic charge is based on an actual spring that can be found at Pijnacker Square in the town.

Steinbach was granted these arms in 1964, and their origin is wholly modern, as the town had never had arms until this time, at least as far as was known. The vat originally surrounded the spring and served to hold the water for those who needed it. This struck some as rather an odd sight, and it earned the town the nickname Steinbach in der Bütt (Bütt, or more usually Bütte, being German for "vat").[1]

History[edit]

The Steinbach Spring at Pijnacker Square

Steinbach had its first documentary mention in 789 in the codex traditionum: "The Marca Steinbach goes as a donation to the Lorsch Benedictine Monastery".

From 1866 to 1945, Steinbach was a Hessian island within otherwise Prussian territory in the Vordertaunus (the part of the Taunus nearest Frankfurt): As the only community in Frankfurt's west, it belonged not to the Prussian-occupied Duchy of Nassau but to the Offenbach district in the Grand Duchy of Hesse, and as of the 1918 Revolution to the People's State of Hesse. Until 1945, therefore, the community bordered on "foreign" territory at every compass point.

Out of this community grew a small town – which only 50 years earlier did not even have 1000 inhabitants – when in 1972 Steinbach was granted town rights after municipal reform.

Sights[edit]

Steinbach is in the "Rhein-Main-Gebiet" and has not many historic buildings, but here is a small Overview: In the heart of Steinbach stone on the court Pijnacker: Here is the symbol "Bütt", a well run, jump out of the Steinbach fed. Framed this is the center of the two inns "Zum Goldenen Stern" and "Zum Schwanen", with its monumental timbered facade. Both bars have a very long tradition. The oldest restaurant in Steinbach "Zum Taunus" in the Bornhohl no longer exists. In the Kirchgasse, is the back house, nor by the old custom of baking bread itself. The back rooms of the house, but also for various exhibitions and lectures. There is also a "Trauzimmer". The St. George's Church (Protestant) is next to the back house. It was built 1537 as the first Protestant church in Germany at the direction of Caspar Kronberg of the second century. In Steinbach, there are some old buildings, by the bronze plates on the Built and other important details to report, such as the old "Schultheißenhaus" in "Bornhohl", which was first documented in 1549 as a house of "Schultheißenamtes" was mentioned in today monument. Interesting and historically valuable is the house Untergasse 2 by 1782 to 1856 Johann Christoph Diehl lived, the teacher from Frederick Stolze. A bronze plate reminiscent of the former Steinbacher. Change of location: The first of the Oak Forest City Steinbacher is a tree monument. It is the most southerly of the Taunus oak.

Bells of St. George's Church

In the small, pointed turrets of St. George's Church are two bells. The oldest, the St. George bell from the year 1622 (still from the 30-year war) has a weight of 250 pounds and is in the tone "dis". Their inscription reads "I poured Joh Andr. Schneiderwin Frankfurdt 1622. The other, which John Bell poured on 2 December 1956 by Gebr Rinker in mind weighs 220 pounds and is on the sound "f". It was created by the longtime pastor Martin Tuber consecrated.

Population Development[edit]

Year Population
1535 31
1750 220
1853 600
1945 1492
1960 1713
1965 4089
1975 10642
1985 10440
2007 10005

Economy[edit]

Steinbach has at its disposal a 14-hectare industrial park.

Transport[edit]

Steinbach is distinguished by not having a direct road link to Frankfurt. Through Oberursel-Weißkirchen/Steinbach station, however, it is joined to the RMV S-Bahn network. The bigger towns of Oberursel, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe and Frankfurt am Main can be reached on line S5.

Two buslines connect the town core and outlying residential neighbourhoods with the railway station on the Homburger Bahn and with neighbouring places.

A few kilometres away are interchanges with Autobahnen A 5 and A 66.

Frankfurt International Airport is 15 km away.

Educational institutions[edit]

Steinbach is home to the Geschwister-Scholl-Grundschule, a primary school named after Hans and Sophie Scholl, a brother and sister who were part of the White Rose resistance group in Nazi Germany.

Partnerships[edit]

Steinbach maintains partnership links with the following places:

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]