Stella, Missouri

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Stella, Missouri
Village
Location of Stella, Missouri
Location of Stella, Missouri
Coordinates: 36°45′46″N 94°11′23″W / 36.76278°N 94.18972°W / 36.76278; -94.18972Coordinates: 36°45′46″N 94°11′23″W / 36.76278°N 94.18972°W / 36.76278; -94.18972
Country United States
State Missouri
County Newton
Area[1]
 • Total 0.16 sq mi (0.41 km2)
 • Land 0.16 sq mi (0.41 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,145 ft (349 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 158
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 161
 • Density 987.5/sq mi (381.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 64867
Area code(s) 417
FIPS code 29-70648[4]
GNIS feature ID 0727063[5]

Stella is a village in Newton County, Missouri, United States. The population was 158 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Joplin, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area. The village of Stella is located 17 miles southeast of Neosho, Missouri.

History[edit]

The first known settlers of this area arrived in the early 1820s. The area of Stella was previously a fishing community called Springs. In October 1880, the St. Louis & San Francisco railroad sold a portion of what became Stella to Moses Eagle for $200. Moses Eagle's family arrived in the area in 1844. Stella became an incorporated town in 1930. The village was named after Moses Eagle's granddaughter. The water-powered grist mill was built in 1867 by Moses Eagle. The Bank of Stella was established around 1900. The area's first newspaper, the Amicus Curio, was started in 1901 by a doctor from Kent, Missouri, with the Stella Enterprise and the Stella Weekly Record established after that. The Horner Institute, the first school in Stella, was established in the early 1900s. The Stella Baptist Church was established 1886 with the actual church built around 1911, the Stella Methodist Church was built around 1896, and the Stella Church of Christ was established after 1950.[6]

Cardwell Hospital[edit]

Dr. Clarence C. Cardwell[edit]

Despite Stella's small size, for nearly 60 years the Cardwell Hospital, later the Cardwell Memorial Osteopathic Hospital, attracted people from the largely rural surrounding areas of Newton County, Barry County and McDonald County for their healthcare needs. Cardwell Hospital was opened in 1920 by World War I veteran Dr. Clarence C. Cardwell, who had been born only two miles outside of Stella in 1892.[7] At first the hospital was only four rooms,[7] but later expanded to meet the needs of the local community. By 1930 a second doctor had joined the staff at Cardwell, Dr. J.L. Edmondson, and it had 10 beds available for patients.[8] A fire in 1942 damaged the hospital, but Dr. Cardwell quickly had the building rebuilt.[9] Dr. Cardwell continued running the hospital with his wife, Ida Cardwell, and their daughter, Cleta Cardwell, until his death in November 1956 at Grand Valley Hospital in Pryor, Oklahoma.[10] At the time of his death the Cardwell Hospital was reported to have grown to 100 beds.[10]

Doctors Silas and Lillian Fountain[edit]

Following Dr. Cardwell's death in November 1956, the Cardwell Hospital was closed for a short time, until it was purchased from Ida and Cleta Cardwell by Doctors Silas and Lillian Fountain and reopened on February 11, 1957 as the Cardwell Memorial Osteopathic Hospital.[9] The Fountains, a married couple from Sulphur Springs, Arkansas, had both graduated from the Kansas City College of Osteopathy and Surgery.[11] Their daughter Mary Sue Fountain served as the hospital administrator.[9] Following her husband's death on June 29, 1973, Dr. Lillian Fountain continued running the hospital until 1977. Dr. Lillian Fountain passed away on October 13, 1996.[11]

Post Hospital and EPA Clean Up[edit]

The former Cardwell Hospital in Stella, Missouri in 2004, shortly before it was torn down and removed because of asbestos contamination.

Cardwell Memorial Osteopathic Hospital closed in 1977, but the building was soon reopened as a residential care facility owned by Don and Vera Littlefield. But this venture proved short lived and the building was vacant by the mid-1980s.[9] After sitting empty for nearly 20 years, the residents of Stella, seeking to revive the town's business district, proposed a plan to convert the empty hospital building into a multipurpose building complex, which would house a clinic, a library, city hall, retail space and residential units.[12] But due to considerable asbestos contamination at the site, the decision was made to remove the now derelict structure.[12] Because of the nature of the contamination, the Environmental Protection Agency declared the former Cardwell Hospital building a superfund site and assisted the town in removing it.[13] In just 19 days in July and August 2006, the former Cardwell Hospital was torn down and the site was decontaminated, making it safe for other uses.[14] Following the removal of the building, the site was redeveloped as the Stella Veterans Memorial park, which is dedicated to veterans from the Stella area.[15]

Community of Doctors[edit]

During the years of the Cardwell Hospital, especially during Dr. Clarence Cardwell's ownership, the town of Stella is thought to have produced more than 30 doctors and dentists, most of which are believed to have had experience working in the former Cardwell Hospital during their youth.[9][16]

Geography[edit]

Stella is located at 36°45′46″N 94°11′23″W / 36.76278°N 94.18972°W / 36.76278; -94.18972 (36.762824, -94.189814).[17]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.16 square miles (0.41 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 226
1940 221 −2.2%
1950 177 −19.9%
1960 166 −6.2%
1970 197 18.7%
1980 230 16.8%
1990 132 −42.6%
2000 178 34.8%
2010 158 −11.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 158 people, 65 households, and 40 families residing in the village. The population density was 987.5 inhabitants per square mile (381.3 /km2). There were 83 housing units at an average density of 518.8 per square mile (200.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the village was 89.9% White, 5.1% Native American, and 5.1% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 65 households of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.5% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.20.

The median age in the village was 37.5 years. 27.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 178 people, 74 households, and 46 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,152.7 people per square mile (458.2/km²). There were 87 housing units at an average density of 563.4 per square mile (223.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.31% White, 0.56% Native American, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.12% of the population.

There were 74 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,781, and the median income for a family was $25,417. Males had a median income of $27,813 versus $16,458 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,799. About 14.6% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under the age of eighteen and 3.7% of those sixty five or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Blanche Pogue Clanton, ed. (1976). The Story of Stella: Pioneer Town of Newton County, Missouri. Noel, Missouri: Pogue Printing Company. pp. 5, 9, 10, 13, 17, 19, 29. 
  7. ^ a b Newton County Highlights; by Neosho Christian Schools; 2002; Page 75
  8. ^ Newton County Highlights; by Neosho Christian Schools; 2002; Pages 75 & 76
  9. ^ a b c d e Newton County Highlights; by Neosho Christian Schools; 2002; Page 76
  10. ^ a b Cassville Republican; Obituaries; November 29, 1956
  11. ^ a b http://www.obitcentral.com/obitsearch/obits/mo/mo-jasper157.htm
  12. ^ a b http://tethys.engg.ksu.edu/chsr/tab/tab-sites/cardwell-hospital-site-stella-missouri
  13. ^ http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/HAC/pha//FormerStellaCardwellHospital/FormerStellaCardwellHospitalLHC052208.pdf
  14. ^ Joplin Globe; Hospital being razed; July 26, 2006
  15. ^ http://www.greenrightnow.com/welcome/2011/06/23/stella-veterans-memorial/
  16. ^ http://genealogytrails.com/mo/mcdonald/history_towns/history_towns_stella.html
  17. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.