Temporal range: 183–142Ma Toarcian - Berriasian
|Steneosaurus bollensis, Holzmaden Germany|
Steneosaurus is an extinct genus of teleosaurid crocodyliform from the Early Jurassic to Early Cretaceous (Toarcian to Berriasian). Fossil specimens have been found in England, France, Germany, Switzerland and Morocco. The largest species, S. heberti, reached up to 5 m (16.5 ft) long, though 2.5-3.5 m was far more common.
Species in this genus are traditionally classed into two skull groups: longirostrine (long, narrow jaws) and brevirostrine (short, broad jaws).
- S. baroni: Madagascar from the Bathonian.
- S. bollensis: Western Europe (England, France and Germany) from the Toarcian.
- S. boutilieri: Western Europe (England, France and Switzerland) from the Bathonian.
- S. gracilirostris: Western Europe (England) from the Toarcian.
- S. heberti: Western Europe (France) from the Callovian and Oxfordian.
- S. jugleri: Western Europe (Germany and Switzerland) from the late Kimmeridgian and early Tithonian. Was originally the type species of the genus Sericodon
- S. larteti: Western Europe (England and France) from the Bathonian.
- S. leedsi: Western Europe (England and France) from the Callovian.
- S. megarhinus: Western Europe (England) from the late Kimmeridgian.
- S. megistorhynchus: (type) Western Europe (France) from the Bathonian.
- S. priscus: Western Europe (Germany) from the early Tithonian. Also is the type species of the genus Aeolodon.
- S. brevior: Western Europe (England) from the Toarcian.
- S. edwardsi: Western Europe (England and France) from the Callovian and Oxfordian.
- S. obtusidens: Western Europe (England) from the Callovian.
A recent phylogenetic analysis into the evolutionary relationships of Thalattosuchia did not support the monophyly of Steneosaurus, as the genera Machimosaurus and Teleosaurus both fell within Steneosaurus.
Steneosaurus priscus is one of five thalattosuchian species known from the Mörnsheim Formation (Solnhofen limestone, early Tithonian) of Bavaria, Germany. Steneosaurus was the only teleosaurid known from this Formation, co-existing with four metriorhynchid species from the genera Dakosaurus and Geosaurus. It has been hypothesised that niche partitioning enabled several species of crocodyliforms to co-exist.
From the semi-aquatic Oker locality in Lower Saxony, Germany (Kimmeridgian-age) two genera of teleosaurids (Steneosaurus and Machimosaurus) are known, in addition to the neosuchian genera Goniopholis and Theriosuchus. Steneosaurus and Machimosaurus are also found together in the same Tithonian-age deposits of western France.
- Andrews CW. 1913. A descriptive catalogue of the marine reptiles of the Oxford Clay, Part Two. London: British Museum (Natural History), 206 pp.
- Mueller-Töwe IJ. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of the Thalattosuchia. Zitteliana A45: 211–213.
- Andrade MB, Young MT. 2008. High diversity of thalattosuchian crocodylians and the niche partition in the Solnhofen Sea. The 56th Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy
- Karl H-V, Gröning E, Brauckmann C, Schwarz D, Knötschke N.2006. The Late Jurassic crocodiles of the Langenberg near Oker, Lower Saxony (Germany), and description of related materials (with remarks on the history of quarrying the “Langenberg Limestone” and “Obernkirchen Sandstone”). Clausthaler Geowissenschaften 5: 59-77.
- Billon-Bruyat J-P, Mazin J-M, Buffetaut E, Tong H, Abit D. 2001. New occurrence of vertebrate remains in the latest Jurassic of western France (Oléron island, Charente-Maritime). 6th European Workshop on Vertebrate Palaeontology - Florence and Montevarchi (Italy) - September 19–22, 2001 Abstract Booklet, p. 19