Stenia

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The grass moth genus Stenia is probably a junior synonym of Dolicharthria; see there.
Stenia
Stenia angustilabia (1).jpg
Stenia angustilabia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Maxillarieae
Subtribe: Zygopetalinae
Genus: Stenia
Lindl..
Type species
Stenia pallida
Lindl..
Synonyms[1]
  • Dodsonia Ackerman
  • Stenopolen Raf.

Stenia is a genus in the orchid family (Orchidaceae). It was established by John Lindley in 1837. These epiphytic plants occur in warm, humid habitats of Trinidad and the Amazonian slope of the northern Andean region in South America.

This genus as a rule lacks pseudobulbs and consequently produces tufted fan-like growths of fairly erect narrow, short leaves, and conforms to the sympodial method of growth.

Stenia plants produce a short, creeping or erect, single-flowered inflorescences, growing laterally. The flowers are medium-sized, with equal petals and sepals. All members of this genus have their flowers dominated by the large, shoe-like, concave labellum (lip) with a disc-like, toothed crest. The flowers have four elongate pollinia, with the upper pollinia long and narrow. They occur at any time of the year, though slightly more concentrated during summer in cultivation.

Species[edit]

Though this genus has been known to science since the early 19th century, most species were not discovered until the late 20th century.

  1. Stenia angustilabia D.E.Benn. & Christenson (Peru)
  2. Stenia aurorae D.E.Benn. & Christenson (Peru)
  3. Stenia bismarckii Dodson & D.E.Benn. ( S. Ecuador to Peru)
  4. Stenia calceolaris (Garay) Dodson & D.E.Benn. (Ecuador to N. Peru)
  5. Stenia christensonii D.E.Benn. (Peru)
  6. Stenia falcata (Ackerman) Dressler
  7. Stenia glatzii Neudecker & G.Gerlach (Ecuador)
  8. Stenia guttata Rchb.f. (Peru)
  9. Stenia jarae D.E.Benn. (Peru)
  10. Stenia lillianae Jenny ex D.E.Benn. & Christenson (Peru)
  11. Stenia luerorum D.E.Benn. & Christenson (Peru)
  12. Stenia nataliana R.Vásquez & Nowicki & R.Müll. (Bolivia)
  13. Stenia pallida Lindl. (Trinidad, Guyana, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru)
  14. Stenia pastorellii D.E.Benn. (Peru)
  15. Stenia pustulosa D.E.Benn. & Christenson (Peru)
  16. Stenia saccata Garay (Ecuador)
  17. Stenia stenioides (Garay) Dodson & R.Escobar (Ecuador)
  18. Stenia uribei P.Ortiz (Colombia)
  19. Stenia vasquezii Dodson (Bolivia)
  20. Stenia wendiae D.E.Benn. & Christenson (Peru)

References[edit]

  • Berg Pana, H. (2005): Handbuch der Orchideen-Namen. Dictionary of Orchid Names. Dizionario dei nomi delle orchidee. Ulmer, Stuttgart
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. (eds.) (1999): Genera Orchidacearum 1. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. (eds.) (2001): Genera Orchidacearum 2. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. (eds.) (2003): Genera Orchidacearum 3. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Stern W.L., Judd W.S., Carlsward B.S. (2004): Systematic and comparative anatomy of Maxillarieae (Orchidaceae), sans Oncidiinae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 144(3): 251–274. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2003.00257.x
  • Whitten (2005): Generic relationships of Zygopetalinae (Orchidaceae: Cymbidieae): combined molecular evidence. Lankesteriana 5(2).