|Industry||Information and energy technology|
|Founded||Dublin, Ireland (2000)|
|Headquarters||Docklands Innovation Park, East Wall Road, Dublin 3, Ireland|
|Products||Magnetic testing & measurement systems, passive magnetic bearings, research & development|
|Revenue||€ 1,000 (2005)|
|Net income||€ -1,794,648 (2005)|
Steorn Ltd // is a small, private technology development company in Dublin, Ireland. It announced in August 2006 it had developed a technology which provides "free, clean, and constant energy" in violation of the law of conservation of energy, a fundamental principle of physics.
Steorn challenged the scientific community to investigate their claim and, in December 2006, said that it had chosen a jury of scientists to do so. In June 2009 the jury gave its unanimous verdict that Steorn had not demonstrated the production of energy.
Steorn has also given two public demonstrations of their technology. In the first demonstration, in July 2007 at the Kinetica Museum in London, the device failed to work. The second demonstration, which ran from December 2009 to February 2010 at the Waterways Visitor Centre in Dublin, involved a motor powered by a battery and provided no independent evidence that excess energy was being generated. It was dismissed by the press as an attempt to build a perpetual motion machine, and a publicity stunt.
Steorn was founded in 2000 and, in October 2001, their website stated that they were a "specialist service company providing programme management and technical assessment advice for European companies engaging in e-commerce projects". Steorn is a Norse word meaning to guide or manage.
In May 2006, The Sunday Business Post reported that Steorn was a former dot-com company which was developing a microgenerator product based on the same principle as self-winding watches, as well as creating e-commerce websites for customers. The company had also recently raised about €2.5 million from investors and was three years into a four-year development plan for its microgenerator technology. Steorn has since stated that the account given in this interview was intended to prevent a leak regarding their free energy technology.
The company's investment history shows several share allotments for cash between August 2000 and October 2005, the investments totalling €3 million. In 2006, Steorn secured €8.1 million in loans from a range of investors in order to continue their research, and these funds were also converted into shares. Steorn said that they would seek no further funding while attempting to prove their free-energy claim in order to demonstrate their genuine desire for validation.
Free energy claim
In August 2006, Steorn placed an advertisement in The Economist saying that they had developed a technology that produced "free, clean and constant energy". Called Orbo, the technology was said to violate conservation of energy but had been validated by eight independent scientists. None of these scientists would talk to the media, and Steorn suggested that this was because they did not want to become embroiled in a controversy.
Views on the technology
No specific details of the workings of the claimed technology have been made public. Seán McCarthy stated in a 2006 RTÉ radio interview, "What we have developed is a way to construct magnetic fields so that when you travel round the magnetic fields, starting and stopping at the same position, you have gained energy". In 2011, Steorn's website was updated to suggest that the Orbo is based on magnetic fields which vary over time. Barry Williams of the Australian Skeptics has pointed out that Steorn is "not the first company to claim they have suddenly discovered the miraculous property of magnetism that allows you to get free energy" while Martin Fleischmann says that it is not credible that positioning of magnetic fields could create energy.
Following a meeting between McCarthy and Professor Sir Eric Ash in July 2007, Ash reported that "the Orbo is a mechanical device which uses powerful magnets on the rim of a rotor and further magnets on an outer shell". During this meeting, McCarthy referred to the law of conservation of energy as scientific dogma. However, conservation of energy is a fundamental principle of physics and Ash said that there was no comparison with religious dogma since there is no flexibility in choosing to accept that energy is always conserved. Rejecting conservation of energy would undermine all science and technology. Ash also formed the opinion that McCarthy was truly convinced in the validity of his invention but that this conviction was a case of "prolonged self-deception".
Many people have accused Steorn of engaging in a publicity stunt although Steorn denies such accusations. Eric Berger, writing on the Houston Chronicle website, commented: "Steorn is a former e-business company that saw its market vanish during the dot.com bust. It stands to reason that Steorn has retooled as a Web marketing company and is using the "free energy" promotion as a platform to show future clients how it can leverage print advertising and a slick Web site to promote their products and ideas". Thomas Ricker at Engadget suggested that Steorn's free-energy claim was a ruse to improve brand recognition and to help them sell Hall probes while Josh Catone, features editor for Mashable, believes that it was merely an elaborate hoax.
In its advertisement in The Economist, Steorn challenged scientists to form an independent jury to test their technology and publish the results. Within 36 hours of the advertisement being published, 420 scientists contacted Steorn and, on 1 December 2006, Steorn announced it had selected a jury. It was headed by Ian MacDonald, emeritus professor of electrical engineering at the University of Alberta, and the process began in February 2007.
In June 2009 the jury announced its unanimous verdict that "Steorn's attempts to demonstrate the claim have not shown the production of energy. The jury is therefore ceasing work". Dick Ahlstrom, writing in the Irish Times, concluded from this that Steorn's technology did not work. Steorn responded by saying that because of difficulties in implementing the technology the focus of the process had been on providing the jury with test data on magnetic effects for study. Steorn also said that these difficulties had been resolved and disputed its jury's findings.
On 4 July 2007, the technology was to be displayed at the Kinetica Museum, Spitalfields Market, London. A unit constructed of clear plastic was prepared so that the arrangement of magnets could be seen and to demonstrate that the device operated without external power sources. The public demonstration was delayed and then cancelled because of technical difficulties. Steorn initially said that the problems had been caused by excessive heat from the lighting but later blamed the failure on damage done to bearings due to a greenhouse effect within the box.
A second demonstration ran between 15 December 2009 and February 2010 at the Waterways Visitor Centre in Dublin, and was streamed via Steorn's website. The demonstration was of a device powered by a rechargeable battery. Steorn said that the device produced more energy than it consumed and recharged the battery. No substantive details of the technology were revealed and no independent evidence of Steorn's claim was provided.
On 1 April 2010 Steorn opened an online development community, called the Steorn Knowledge Development Base (SKDB), which they said would explain their technology. Access is available only under licence on payment of a fee.
- "Steorn Investor Relations". Steorn Ltd. 9 February 2006. Retrieved 11 September 2007.
- Daly, Gavin (21 May 2006). "Firm strives to extend mobile battery lifespans". ThePost.IE. Retrieved 25 October 2006.
- "Our Claim". Steorn Ltd. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2007.
- Weekes, Peter (20 August 2006). "Irish energy miracle 'a joke'". Melbourne: The Age. Retrieved 20 August 2006.
- "Copy of Steorn advertisement featured in The Economist, hosted by dispatchesfromthefuture.com" (JPEG). Retrieved 21 January 2009.
- "Steorn finalises contracts for jury to test its free energy technology". Steorn (archive copy from archive.org). 1 December 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-02-21. Retrieved 5 March 2009.
- Dick Ahlstrom (24 June 2009). "Irish "energy for nothing" gizmo fails jury vetting". Irish Times.
- "Irish firm's display of 'free-energy' machine delayed". Belfast Telegraph. 5 July 2007.
- Rupert Goodwins (15 December 2009). "Steorn shows revolving Orbo to the public". ZDNet. Retrieved 15 December 2009.
- Goldacre, Ben (7 July 2007). "Perpetual motion goes into reverse". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
- Berger, Eric (19 August 2006). "Steorn and free energy: the plot thickens". SciGuy. Houston Chronicle blogs. Retrieved 21 August 2006.
- "Wanted: scientists to test free energy technology". Irish Examiner. 20 August 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-08-21. Retrieved 20 August 2006.
- "Energy Issues". Steorn. 1 October 2006. Retrieved 26 October 2006.
- "Steorn Company Submissions". Companies Registration Office. Retrieved 16 October 2006.[dead link]
- Downes, John (10 August 2008). "'Free energy' firm generated €8m in funding". Sunday Tribune. Retrieved 5 November 2008.
- Boggan, Steve (25 August 2006). "These men think they're about to change the world". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 24 May 2010.
- "Irish company challenges scientists to test 'free energy' technology". Yahoo! News. 18 August 2006. Archived from the original on 3 September 2006.
- "Orbo". Steorn Ltd. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- "The perpetual myth of free energy". BBC News. 9 July 2007. Retrieved 9 July 2007.
- Chris Vallance (23 August 2006). "Caught in a Tale Spin". Pods&Blogs. BBC. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
- Thomas Ricker (25 June 2009). "Steorn gives up on free-energy, starts charging for USB-powered divining rods". Engadget. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
- Catone, Josh (15 July 2009). "Top 15 Web Hoaxes of All Time". Mashable. Retrieved 21 July 2009.
- "Steorn develops free energy technology and issues challenge to the global scientific community". Steorn Ltd. 18 August 2006. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
- "Steorn announces plans for widespread deployment of its free energy technology post-validation". Steorn. 11 January 2007. Retrieved 6 July 2007.
- Smith, David (20 August 2006). "Scientists flock to test 'free energy' discovery". London: Guardian Unlimited. Retrieved 20 August 2006.
- "Jury report". June 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-12-30.
- "'Free' energy technology goes on display". The Irish Times. 4 July 2007. Retrieved 5 July 2007.
- "Steorn announcement: Kinetica Demonstration". 6 July 2007. Retrieved 5 June 2007.
- Schirber, Michael (August 2007). "Harsh light shines on free energy". Physics World 20 (8): 9.
- "Testing - Orbo Technology Update". Steorn. 11 February 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- Rupert Goodwins (14 December 2009). "Steorn sets up for second bite at perpetual cherry". ZDNet. Retrieved 14 December 2009.
- "Steorn Announces Public Demonstration of Orbo Technology". Steorn. 15 December 2009. Retrieved 15 December 2009.
- "SKDB Launch". Steorn. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
- Gavin Daly (6 June 2010). "'Free' energy firm to make over €2m this year". ThePost.ie. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
|Wikinews has related news: Irish firm issues free energy challenge to scientists|
- Steorn official website
- "7 minute television interview with Seán McCarthy". Sky News. 8 September 2006.
- Search for Steorn patent applications
- Michael Hanlon (28 August 2006). "Have scientists unlocked the secret of perpetual motion?". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 8 March 2009.
- "Free, Clean Energy For All?". ABC News. 23 August 2006.
- Freeman, John (May 2008). "The Steorn Exploit and its Spin Doktors, or "Synergie ist der name of das Spiel, my boy!"". Postmodern Culture 18 (3). Direct link to article