Stephanotis

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Stephanotis
Stephanotis floribunda3L. Marie.jpg
Stephanotis floribunda
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Stephanotis
Thouars, 1806
Type species
Stephanotis thouarsii
Brongn.[1]

Stephanotis is a genus of flowering plants first described in 1806.[2] The name derives from the Greek stephanōtís (feminine adj.) fit for a crown, derivative of stéphanos (masculine) crown. It contains evergreen, woody-stemmed lianas with a scattered distribution in several tropical and subtropical regions.[3][4]

Stephanotis are grown for their strongly perfumed, waxy, tubular, usually white flowers. Leaves are opposite, ovate to elliptic, and leathery. Stephanotis is a beautiful but difficult plant - it hates sudden changes in temperature, needs constant cool conditions in winter and is attractive to scale and mealy bug. The stems of Stephanotis can reach 10 ft or more, but it is usually sold twined around a wire hoop. The heavily-scented waxy flowers appear in summer.[5]

The best known species is Stephanotis floribunda (Madagascar jasmine), which is cultivated as a tropical or hothouse ornamental, and whose flowers are a popular element in wedding bouquets.

The Stephanotis has grown in popularity over the past few years along with some of the other spring flowering vines. It is known by a few different names such as “Madagascar jasmine” and “bridal veil”.

Species[6]
  1. Stephanotis acuminata Brongn. - Madagascar
  2. Stephanotis grandiflora Decne. - Madagascar
  3. Stephanotis japonica Makino - Japan
  4. Stephanotis longiflora A.Rich. - Cuba
  5. Stephanotis lutchuensis Koidz. - Nansei-shoto (Ryukyu Islands) of Japan
  6. Stephanotis parviflora Ridl. - Peninsular Malaysia
  7. Stephanotis suaveolens (Blume) Benth. & Hook. f. ex K. Schum. - Borneo
  8. Stephanotis thouarsii Brongn. - Madagascar
  9. Stephanotis vinciflora Griseb. - Cuba
formerly included

transferred to other genera (Jasminanthes, Marsdenia)

  1. Stephanotis chinensis now Marsdenia chinensis
  2. Stephanotis chunii now Jasminanthes chunii
  3. Stephanotis floribunda now Marsdenia floribunda
  4. Stephanotis maingayi now Marsdenia maingayi
  5. Stephanotis mucronata now Jasminanthes mucronata
  6. Stephanotis nana now Marsdenia stenantha
  7. Stephanotis pilosa now Jasminanthes pilosa
  8. Stephanotis saxatilis now Jasminanthes saxatilis
  9. Stephanotis yunnanensis now Marsdenia stenantha

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ lectotype designated by Bullock, Ind. Nom. Genericorum Card (1957)
  2. ^ Thouars, Louis-Marie Aubert du Petit-. 1806. Genera Nova Madagascariensia 11.
  3. ^ Schatz, G. E., S. Andriambololonera, Andrianarivelo, M. W. Callmander, Faranirina, P. P. Lowry, P. B. Phillipson, Rabarimanarivo, J. I. Raharilala, Rajaonary, Rakotonirina, R. H. Ramananjanahary, B. Ramandimbisoa, A. Randrianasolo, N. Ravololomanana, Z.S. Rogers, C.M. Taylor & G. A. Wahlert. 2011. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden.
  4. ^ Tropicos
  5. ^ http://www.gflora.com/index.php?cmd=genus_body&genus_id=63
  6. ^ The Plant List