Stephen Flowers

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Stephen Edred Flowers
Born Bonham, Texas, United States
Nationality American
Other names Edred Thorsson
Alma mater University of Texas at Austin
Employer Austin Community College

Stephen Edred Flowers (born 1953) also known by the pen-name Edred Thorsson, is an American Runologist and proponent of occultism and Germanic mysticism. He has over two dozen published books and hundreds of published papers on a disparate range of subjects. Flowers advocates "Esoteric Runology" or "Odianism", an occultist version of Germanic Neopaganism.[1]

Early life[edit]

The Bonham, Texas-born author did his graduate work in Germanic and Celtic philology under professor and scholar Edgar Polomé at the University of Texas at Austin from 1973-1984. In 1981-1982 he studied the history of occultism at the University of Göttingen, Germany. He received his Ph.D. in Germanic Languages and Medieval Studies in 1984 with a dissertation entitled Runes and Magic: Magical Formulaic Elements in the Elder Tradition. From 1984-1989 he was a lecturer in the departments of English and Germanic Languages at the University of Texas and was last known to be teaching Classical Philology at Austin Community College.

History[edit]

Flowers was instrumental in the early establishment of the Germanic Neopagan movement in North America.[citation needed] and has also been very active in Left-Hand Path occult organizations.

Flowers joined the Church of Satan in 1972 though he reportedly never became involved with the organization beyond receiving their newsletter, The Cloven Hoof.[2] On November 11, 1983 he founded a small group to explore what he saw as the dark, futuristic undercurrent of Odinism called The Order of Shining Trapezohedron or "O.S.T." which closed on January 13, 1984.[3] The O.S.T. served as a segue into his involvement with the Temple of Set, an organization in which he currently holds the degree of Ipsissimus VI°. Within the Temple of Set he served as Grand Master of the Order of the Trapezoid from January 1987 until June 1996.[4]

Flowers was one of the original members of the Asatru Free Assembly. In 1979 Flowers founded the Rune-Gild, an initiatory order focused on "the revival of the elder Runic" tradition, advocating runic magic.

Flowers currently is the executive officer, or Yrmin Drighten, of the Rune-Gild. As a project of the Rune-Gild, Flowers founded the Ásatrú organization the Ring of Troth in 1987 (which is now simply called the Troth). Flowers is no longer affiliated with the Troth. Flowers has also had contact with the Armanen-Orden, the Order of the Triskelion and other occult orders.

Flowers is currently director of the Woodharrow Institute of Germanic Studies and the owner and operator of Runa-Raven Press.

Work[edit]

In addition to being a prolific writer, Flowers is known for translating obscure texts and manuscripts written in Icelandic, Old Norse and German into English, making many of them available to a wider range of readers.

Criticisms[edit]

In 1989, Flowers was expelled from the Odinic Rite following his Open Letter to the Leadership of the Asatru/Odinist/Troth Movement wherein he detailed his involvement with the Temple of Set.[5]

Sweyn Plowright, a former member of the Rune Gild who resigned from the organization in 2000,[6] has referred to the philosophy of Flowers as being "neo-Satanic" and antinomian.[7]

Partial bibliography[edit]

As Stephen Flowers[edit]

  • Runes and Magic: Magical Formulaic Elements in the Elder Runic Tradition, 1987 ISBN 0-8204-0333-4
  • The Galdrabók: an Icelandic Grimoire, 1989 ISBN 0-87728-685-X
  • Fire and Ice: Magical Teachings of Germany's Greatest Secret Occult Order, 1990 ISBN 0-87542-776-6
  • Black Rûna, 1995
  • Hermetic Magic: The Postmodern Magical Papyrus of Abaris, 1995 ISBN 0-87728-828-3
  • Green Rûna: The Runemaster's Notebook, 1996 ISBN 1-885972-03-2
  • Lords of the Left-Hand Path: A History of Spiritual Dissent , 1997 ISBN 1-885972-08-3
  • Red Rûna, 2002
  • Carnal Alchemy: A Sado-Magical Exploration of Pleasure, Pain and Self-Transformation, 2002
  • A Concise Edition of Old English Runic Inscriptions
  • Travel-Report As it Concerns the Scandinavian Rûs - Ibn Fadlan - Introduction and Commentary by Stephen Flowers
  • Johannes Bureus and the Adalruna
  • Rúnarmál I
  • A Source-Book of Seid (with James Chisholm), 2002
  • Studia Germanica Volume I
  • Wendish Mythology: Divinities and Religious Practices of the Western Slavs
  • The Magian Tarok: The Key Linking the Mithraic, Greek, Roman Hebrew and Runic Traditions with that of the Tarot

As Edred Thorsson[edit]

Translations[edit]

  • The Secret of the Runes by Guido von List, 1990 (trans.) ISBN 0-89281-207-9
  • Rune-Magic by Siegfried Adolf Kummer, 1993 (trans.) ISBN 1-885972-00-8
  • The Secret King: Karl Maria Wiligut -- Himmler’s Lord of the Runes, 2001 (trans. and introduced) ISBN 1-885972-21-0
  • The Rune-Poems Vol I, 2002 ISBN 1-885972-19-9
  • The Practice of the Ancient Turkish Freemasons by Rudolf von Sebottendorf (trans.)
  • Strange Tales by Hanns Heinz Ewers (trans.)
  • The Religion of the Aryo-Germanic Folk: Esoteric and Exoteric (trans.)
  • The Invincible by Guido von List (trans.)
  • The EDDA as Key to the Coming Age (trans.)

Other published works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Runelore: A Handbook of Esoteric Runology (1987), p. 172.
  2. ^ Thorsson, Edred (1996). Green Rûna - Shorter Works of Edred Thorsson Vol. I (1978-1985). p. 85. ISBN 1-885972-03-2. 
  3. ^ Flowers, Stephen (1995). Black Runa: Being the Shorter Works of Stephen Edred Flowers Produced for the Order of the Trapezoid of the Temple of Set (1985-1989). p. 11. 
  4. ^ "Runes: The Journal of the Order of the Trapezoid" Vol XIV Number 2
  5. ^ Odinic Rite Briefing No.86, 14 July 1989
  6. ^ According to Sweyn's Authorsden.com profile here
  7. ^ Plowright, Sweyn (2006). The Rune Primer. LuLu. pp. 98–103. ISBN 1-84728-246-6. 

External links[edit]