It (1990 film)
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|Stephen King's It|
Artwork for the VHS and DVD release
|Distributed by||Warner Bros. Television|
|Directed by||Tommy Lee Wallace|
|Produced by||Mark Basino
Allen S. Epstein
|Written by||Lawrence D. Cohen
Tommy Lee Wallace
|Based on||It by
|Narrated by||Tim Reid|
|Music by||Richard Bellis|
|Editing by||David Blangsted
Robert F. Shugrue
|Production company||Lorimar Productions
The Konigsberg & Sanitsky Company
Greeb & Epstein Productions
|Original run||November 18, 1990 – November 20, 1990|
|Running time||189 minutes|
|No. of episodes||2|
It (also referred to as Stephen King's IT) is a 1990 horror/drama miniseries based on Stephen King's novel of the same name. The story revolves around an inter-dimensional predatory life-form, which has the ability to transform itself into its prey's worst fears, allowing it to exploit the phobias of its victims. It mostly takes the form of a sadistic, wisecracking clown called "Pennywise the Dancing Clown". The protagonists are "The Losers Club", a group of outcast kids who discover Pennywise and vow to destroy him by any means necessary. The series takes place over two different time periods, the first when the Losers first discover Pennywise as children, and the second when they're called back as adults to defeat Pennywise, who has resurfaced.
It aired as a two-part television movie on November 18 and November 20, 1990 on ABC, and loosely follows the plot of the novel. The miniseries was filmed in New Westminster, British Columbia in mid-1990. The film's cast includes Dennis Christopher, Annette O'Toole, John Ritter, Harry Anderson, Richard Thomas, Tim Reid, Richard Masur, Michael Cole, and Tim Curry as Pennywise.
Since its initial television broadcast on ABC in November 1990, the miniseries has received mixed reception, praising Tim Curry's performance as Pennywise, the performances of the child actors, and Part 1 for being genuinely scary and very entertaining, but criticizing Part 2 for being too melodramatic and not as interesting or creepy as Part 1. For his work on the miniseries, Richard Bellis received an Emmy Award for his music score.
Set in the town of Derry, Maine in the year 1960, six-year old Georgie Denbrough is lured to a storm drain when his paper boat drops down into it. When attempting to retrieve it, he encounters a seemingly friendly man dressed in a clown costume who calls himself "Pennywise the Dancing Clown." Pennywise tempts Georgie closer with promises of cotton candy and balloons, exclaiming that "they all float down" into the sewer. He says that Georgie can "float" too before revealing his true nature, grabbing him and viciously tearing his right arm off. His older brother, Bill, is overwhelmed with guilt for inadvertently sending Georgie to his death and is terrified when his picture comes to life and bleeds.
Bill later befriends several similar "misfits." One is Ben Hanscom, a loyal, determined, overweight and ingenious builder from a home broken after the death of his military father. He is terrorized by visions of his father trying to goad him into the sewer plant. Another is Eddie Kaspbrak, a hypochondriac, asthmatic boy who is frail and shy and lives with his overprotective mother. Kaspbrak is taunted and harassed by Pennywise (who shows a strong dislike towards him for being "girly") while attempting to shower at school.
The group later includes Beverly Marsh, a tomboy with an abusive alcoholic father and a dead eye with a slingshot. She believes Bill's stories when her bathroom is destroyed by a geyser of blood (courtesy of Pennywise) that he helps clean up before her father gets home. Richie Tozier is a comedic red head who isn't afraid to stand up to the school bully, Henry Bowers, and his friends. He is a movie buff, which prompts Pennywise to attack/scare him as a werewolf. Stan Uris, a Jewish boy scout and bird watcher, is the next person to see It that summer when he is trapped by a mummy in an abandoned house. Mike Hanlon, an African American student facing a difficult time as a new student and resident of Derry, often finds himself in the crosshairs of the racist Henry Bowers as well. Mike is last to see It when his photography book comes to life showing him and the others Pennywise's history as he threatens the group. Though they initially question if Pennywise is simply a deranged man posing as a clown, they come to the realization that Pennywise is not human at all, so they label him "It."
As each of them face their greatest fears (as well as Henry Bowers's harassment), they vow to avenge the deaths of Georgie and every other child killed by "It." They reason that since Pennywise feeds off of the imagination of its victims that it may likewise be vulnerable to the weaknesses of the forms it assumes. Beverly trains with a slingshot using silver slugs made from a pair of earrings. The Losers travel into the sewers followed by Henry, Victor Criss, and Belch Huggins as payback for a rockfight a month ago. They enter in the main sewer hall and discover Stan is missing, as he had been pulled by Henry and Belch. Henry orders Victor to create an ambush on the remaining Losers, but he gets killed by It. Meanwhile, just when Henry is about to kill Stan, a mysterious light bursts through a sewage pipe and both Stan and Henry watch in horror as Belch is dragged through the pipe and eaten. When the light returns, Stan escapes while Henry stands transfixed turning his hair white. "It" spares Henry's life and continues searching for Stan.
Stan reunites with the others and tells them the "deadlights" are far worse than Pennywise, and they all agree not to stare into the lights. Pennywise catches the Losers and grabs Stan. Just as Pennywise is about to eat Stan, Eddie wounds Pennywise by spraying him with his inhaler which he imagines to be filled with battery acid (after Richie joked that it tasted like the substance) and Beverly cracks open the monster's head with her slingshot, revealing the deadlights. Before she could attack again, Pennywise somersaults in the air and vanishes into a drain in the ground. Before he is completely gone, Bill pulls one of Pennywise's gloves and the glove slips off It's hand, revealing a three-fingered claw; It then disappears in the drain. With their job done, the seven vow to return some day if ever It returns. Meanwhile, Henry escapes the sewers, is arrested and sentenced to life in an asylum for confessing to the murder of all the children and his gang of friends.
Mike had become the only member of the Losers Club to remain in Derry after the events of the 1960s. His memory of the events are still completely intact, and when he hears of the mysterious, unexplained death of a little girl who is murdered in her back garden (shown in the prologue of Part I), he begins to suspect It has returned. He calls up each of his friends, who have all become successful in their own right. Bill has become a horror novel writer married to a beautiful actress named Audra; Ben has become a famous architect as he'd always wanted; Beverly has become a fashion designer; and Richie has become a late night TV comedian. Eddie owns a successful limousine service and Stan has become a real estate broker. Having moved on into comfortable lives and having barely a glimmer of the memories of that summer, they are all traumatized by the memories awakened by Mike's phone calls. While they agreed to return as promised, Stan is unable to cope with the fear and kills himself, writing the word "IT" on the bathroom wall with his blood.
Upon the return to Derry, their reunion is lighthearted until terrifying events unfold that test their resolve. Beverly encounters a kindly old woman in her old home who tells her that her father is gone, but the woman is more than she appears. Pennywise locates Bill at the cemetery where he is paying a visit to Georgie's grave. There, the clown taunts Bill but the latter makes it known that he remembers him and does not fear him anymore. Ben sees the skeleton of his father, which is still trying to get him to return to the sewers; later, the group's reunion dinner comes to life. Pennywise, unable to kill them because his influence over them as adults is limited, pretends to be Belch's ghost and sends Henry to do the job (after killing the asylum night guard). Henry manages to attack Mike and wound him, which forces Bill and others to consider another direct confrontation with the clown. Eddie and Ben manage to kill Henry in a struggle.
With Henry dead, It is prompted with the task of killing the Losers on its own. Meanwhile, Audra follows Bill to Derry but falls under the influence of It's "Dead Lights" and is made catatonic by him. As the five remaining "Losers" find their way to It's cave, they are greeted by a ghostly image of Pennywise and this time he reveals his true physical form: a massive, hideous spider-like creature. In the midst of the battle, Eddie is mortally wounded when he steps forward to save Ben, Richie, and Bill's lives. Once again, Beverly is able to use her slingshot on the creature; this time, the strike rings true and mortally wounds It. In their rage, Ben, Richie, Bill and Beverly slaughter and dismember It. Afterwards, they return to Eddie, they tell him It is finally destroyed. Eddie, glad that their long-time childhood enemy is dead, dies in his friends's arms. They are able to leave, taking Eddie's body and the catatonic Audra with them. They later bury Eddie in the Derry Cemetery.
In the aftermath, Mike marks his own fading memories of the past as a sign that It was truly destroyed that time, and the adult Losers Club can return to their lives as the memory of the traumatic events fades entirely. Richie gets a part in a movie and he partners up with a man who looks and sounds just like Eddie. Beverly and Ben leave Derry together and head west; one week later they are married and just weeks later Beverly is pregnant. Audra, still catatonic from her encounter, is coaxed back to life aboard Bill's old bicycle "Silver" when he takes her to outrun It's fading influence the same way he did when the bike helped Bill while trying to save a young Stan who was frozen with fear. All as it was, they realize that they can now move on with their lives. As they leave Derry behind, Pennywise's evil laugh is heard one last time.
- Tim Curry as Pennywise (billed as a special appearance)
- Richard Thomas as Bill Denbrough
- Jonathan Brandis as Young Bill Denbrough
- John Ritter as Ben Hanscom
- Brandon Crane as Young Ben Hanscom
- Annette O'Toole as Beverly Marsh
- Emily Perkins as Young Beverly Marsh
- Dennis Christopher as Eddie Kaspbrak
- Adam Faraizl as Young Eddie Kaspbrak
- Harry Anderson as Richie Tozier
- Seth Green as Young Richie Tozier
- Tim Reid as Mike Hanlon
- Marlon Taylor as Young Mike Hanlon
- Richard Masur as Stanley Uris
- Ben Heller as Young Stan Uris
- Michael Cole as Henry Bowers
- Jarred Blancard as Young Henry Bowers
- Supporting Cast
- Olivia Hussey as Audra Phillips Denbrough
- Gabe Khouth as Victor Criss
- Drum Garrett as Belch Huggins
- Frank C. Turner as Alvin "Al" Marsh
- Terence Kelly as Officer Nell
- Jay Brazeau as Derry Cab Driver
- Sheila Moore as Ms. Sonya Kaspbrak
- Tony Dakota as Georgie Denbrough
- Chelan Simmons as Laurie Anne Winterbarger
- William B. Davis as Mr. Gedreau
- Ryan Michael as Tom Rogan
- Laura Harris as Loni
It originally aired on ABC as a two-part television movie in 1990 on the nights of November 18 and November 20. Part 1 was the fifth highest rated program on Sunday nights with an 18.5 rating and watched in 17.5 million households. Part 2 was the second highest rated program on Tuesday nights with an 20.6 rating and watched in 19.2 million households.
Differences between the novel and the film
- In the film, we learn that Ben's father is a former U.S. military officer who was killed in action during the Korean War. However, Ben's father is only mentioned in passing as having given Ben his Silver Dollars.
- The film puts more emphasis on It's "Pennywise the Clown" form as he plays a fairly larger role than he does in the novel.
- In the novel, "It" takes the form of Victor Criss when it visits Henry Bowers in the Mental Hospital. However, in the film, "It" takes the form of Belch Huggins instead.
- The novel takes place in 1957-1958 and 1984-1985. In the film, the story takes place in 1960 and 1990.
- Georgie's death is more violent and explained in the novel. In the film version, George is pulled into the sewers by Pennywise and the next scene cuts to George's funeral.
- In the novel, It is revealed to be a female after laying eggs. In the film, this part is omitted.
- The Adrian Mellon murder is left out. Instead, It comes back killing a little girl.
- The scene where Beverly has sex with all of the boys in the novel is left out in the TV film. The oath of fellowship is, however, made when each of the Losers take turns taking a puff from Eddie's inhaler.
- Henry Bowers's death is more violent in the novel. In the film, he is impaled through the chest by his own switchblade.
- Some characters, such as Beverly's mother, Patrick Hockstetter, Gard Jagermeyer, Eddie Corcoran, Adrian Mellon, Don Hagarty and the Turtle were left out in the TV film.
- The Turtle story entirely was cut out of the film, including the macroverse, the edge of existence, what "It" exactly was, and the force beyond It and the Turtle.
- The downtown part of Derry gets destroyed in the novel.
- In the novel, Eddie Kaspbrak is married to a woman named Myra, who is exactly like his mother. But in the film, Eddie is single and still living with his mom.
- The rockfight is more violent and explained in the novel. But in the film, only Henry, Bev, Victor, Belch, Peter, and Moose are hit by rocks.
- The novel contains more strong language than in the film version.
- In the novel, Richie plays a significantly more important role. In addition to being closer to Bill than any of the other "Losers", he was one of two (along with Bill) in the final fight with It, he also saves Bill's life from the Deadlights. In the film, he is sort of unappreciated.
- In the movie, Richie is present at Georgie's funeral. This is not mentioned in the novel.
- In the novel, Eddie breaking his arm and being in a cast is a significant part of the story, but is left out of the film.
- In the novel, Ben sees the mummy and Stan sees waterlogged corpses; in the film, the encounters are switched.
- In the novel, Eddie sees the leper, but in the miniseries, he sees Pennywise while taking a shower at school.
- In the novel, Richie sees a werewolf at the house on 29 Neibolt Street along with Bill. But in the TV film, Richie sees the werewolf at school while in the janitor center.
- Tom Rogan has a bigger role in the novel. In the novel, he chases Beverly to Derry and is driven by It to capture Audra, Bill's wife, and later in the novel, Tom drops dead in shock after seeing It in the form of the Deadlights. In the TV film, Tom stays behind in Chicago without going after Beverly.
- Henry's father, Butch Bowers, doesn't appear in the miniseries. He is, however, mentioned by Henry a couple times.
- The little girl on the tricycle, Laurie Anne-Winterbarger, is attacked and killed by Pennywise in the opening scene of the film, which makes her death start the chain of movie events. In the novel, she is another victim of It, but her death doesn't start the 1984-1985 string of murders.
- Instead of being killed by It as Frankenstein's Monster, Victor and Belch are killed by Pennywise in the form of the Deadlights.
Stephen King's It received generally positive reviews from critics and television viewers. Tim Curry's performance as "Pennywise" has received universal critical acclaim and praise for capturing the novel's interpretation of the character. The film currently has a 64% fresh rating on Rotten Tomatoes. The film was also praised of the performances of child actors, Jonathan Brandis, Marlon Taylor, Seth Green, Adam Faraizl, Emily Perkins, Brandon Crane and Ben Heller. Part 2 has also been criticized by many critics and King fans for being too melodramatic and not as interesting or creepy as Part 1, with commentators agreeing that while the film's special effects are dated, Part 1 is still genuinely scary.
The film was released on VHS in early 1991 after the film's initial broadcast. The original VHS release had two separate tapes, one with Part 1 and the other with Part 2. A later VHS release (circa 1997-1998) part of the now-defunct "Warner Bros. Hits" line contains the entire film on one tape. All VHS releases of the film are out of print.
The film was released on DVD in 1999 on a double-sided disc with Part One on the front and Part Two on the back. The "To be continued..." and the 1st set of closing credits at the end of Part One and the 2nd set of opening credits at the beginning of Part Two (unlike the VHS release) were removed. The DVD version of It also features an audio commentary by the director and cast members. The film's aspect ratio has been cropped to give it a 16:9 widescreen aspect ratio.
2-CDs release of complete score by Richard Bellis released November 15, 2011 in two-parts.
- Disc 1
- "Main Title I" – 1:52
- "Enter the Clown" – 3:04
- "Georgie Dies" – 4:17
- "Ben Gets The News" – 0:51
- "Punks" – 2:18
- "I Hate It Here" – 1:53
- "Bedroom Jazz Source" – 2:24
- "The Slap" – 1:45
- "Die If You Try" – 4:02
- "Richie's Talk Show Play-Off" – 0:34
- "The Beast - First Encounter" – 2:05
- "Mike Remembers" – 0:58
- "Mike Joins the Group" – 5:07
- "Pennywise" – 0:39
- "Circus Source" – 1:10
- "Target Practice" – 2:51
- "The Sewer Hole" – 3:13
- "Stan Gets Nabbed" – 4:27
- "The Fog" – 3:25
- "The Pact" – 1:43
- "Stan's Suicide" – 0:50
- "End Credits I" – 1:00
- Disc 2
- "Main Title Part II" – 1:51
- "The Graves" – 1:48
- "Library Balloons" – 2:53
- "Ben's Flashback" – 0:35
- "Skeleton On the Pond" – 0:40
- "Guillory's Muzak" – 1:27
- "Hydrox" – 2:49
- "Audra" – 1:45
- "Fortune Cookie" – 1:54
- "Silver Flyer" – 2:22
- "Leftover Stan" – 1:52
- "Henry and Belch" – 2:20
- "Every Thirty Years" – 1:56
- "Audra Arrives" – 2:02
- "This Time It's For Real" – 4:26
- "The Smell of Death" – 1:59
- "Something's Coming" – 4:00
- "The Spider's Web" – 5:11
- "Hi Ho Silver" – 4:33
- "End Credits Part II" – 1:00
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (October 2013)|
On March 12, 2009, Warner Bros. announced that a new adaptation of Stephen King's novel had started. Dan Lin, Roy Lee and Doug Davison are set to produce. The screenplay is currently re-written by Dave Kajganich. On September 21, 2010, film director Guillermo Del Toro announced that he would like to direct new adaptations of the Stephen King novels It and Pet Sematary but stated that he is very busy with a number of other projects and he would be unable to make them any time soon. On June 7, 2012, The Hollywood Reporter announced that the novel would be adapted into a two-part film, directed by Cary Fukunaga with Chase Palmer as screenwriter; Jon Silk, David Katzenberg and Seth Grahame-Smith as producers and John Powers Middleton as executive producer. The cast has not been announced yet.
- Hastings, Deborah (November 21, 1990). "TV movies score big in Nielsen ratings". The Times-News. p. 12. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
- Hastings, Deborah (November 23, 1990). "ABC posts first ratings win of the season". The Times-News. p. 10. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
- "It". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
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