Stephen Rich

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Stephan Rich was an American believed to have worked for Soviet Military Intelligence (GRU) during World War II. His code name with the GRU (according to the Venona project's decryption attempt) is given as "Sandi".


Stephan Rich is referenced in the following Venona decryption:

  • 1579 New York GRU to Moscow, 28 September 1943.


  • John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr, Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America, Yale University Press (1999), pgs. 363, 461.