Stephen Tomašević of Bosnia
|Reign||10 July 1461 – 5 June 1463|
|Reign||1 April 1459 – 20 June 1459|
|Spouse||Mary of Serbia|
|House||House of Kotromanić|
|Father||Stephen Thomas of Bosnia|
|Died||5 June 1463
Carevo Polje, Jajce
|Burial||Franciscan monastery of Saint Luke, Jajce|
He was the son of King Stephen Thomas of Bosnia. According to the "Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten" (1978) by Detlev Schwennicke, his mother was Vojača, first wife of his father. Catherine of St Sava was his stepmother, by whom he had a half-brother named Sigismund and a half-sister named Catherine.
His paternal grandfather was King Stephen Ostoja of Bosnia. Stephen Ostoja is considered a member of the House of Kotromanić but his exact relation to his predecessors is unknown. He was possibly an illegitimate son of King Stephen Tvrtko I of Bosnia.
Lazar Branković of Serbia died in 1458. He was succeeded by his older brother Stefan Branković, a blind man. Stephen Thomas took advantage of the occasion to campaign against Serbia. He managed to capture Srebrenica and a number of other towns previously held by the Branković dynasty. In 1459, Stephen Thomas entered negotiations with Helena Palaiologina, widow of Lazar. The result of the negotiations was the marriage of Stephen Tomašević to Helena Branković, the eldest daughter of Lazar and Palaiologina. The marriage took place at Smederevo on 1 April 1459. The younger Helena changed her name to "Maria" at the time of her wedding. Tomašević replaced the deposed Stefan on the throne of Serbia.
His reign in Serbia was short-lived. On 20 June 1459, forces under Mehmed II of the Ottoman Empire managed to capture Smederevo and proceeded to annex the remnants of the Serbian state to their realm. Stephen Tomašević and Maria fled to Bosnia, seeking refuge at the court of his father.
On 10 July 1461, Stephen Thomas died. Stephen Tomašević succeeded him as King of Bosnia. In 1461, Stephen Tomašević sent to Pope Pius II for help in the face of an impending Ottoman invasion. In November 1461, a papal legate presented Stephen Tomašević with a royal crown, offered by the Pope.
Later, in 1463, he sent for help from the Venetians. However, none ever reached Bosnia. In 1463, Sultan Mehmed II led an army into the country. The royal city of Bobovac soon fell, leaving Stephen Tomašević to retreat to Jajce and later to Ključ. The Bosnian Kingdom was soon conquered by the Ottoman Empire. The King was captured in Ključ, and despite promises to the contrary, brought back to Jajce and beheaded on the nearby field known as Carevo Polje (Tzar's Field).
According to Fine, Queen Maria survived by fleeing to the coast of the Adriatic Sea. According to "The Fall of Constantinople 1453" (1965) by Steven Runciman, Maria later joined the harem of an unnamed Turkish general. The "Massarelli manuscript" of the 16th reports that Stephen Tomašević and Maria had children. However, none are mentioned by name. Their eventual fates are unknown.
In 1888, renowned Croatian archeologist Ćiro Truhelka excavated a locality in Jajce known as "Kraljev Grob" (King's Tomb) and found a skeleton of a decapitated adult male. Though there is no direct evidence that these are the remains of Stephen Tomašević, folk tradition and circumstantial evidence make it almost a foregone conclusion that they are. The remains have since been housed, with minor interceptions, in the Franciscan monastery in Jajce.
- Bosnian: Stjepan Tomašević/Стјепан Томашевић, Serbian: Stefan Tomašević/Стефан Томашевић
- Cawley, Charles, Profile of Stephen Thomas and his children, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012,[better source needed]
- Cawley, Charles, Profile of Stjepan Ostoja and his children, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012,[better source needed]
- J. V. A. Fine, "The Late Medieval Balkans, A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest" (1994), page 575-581
- Klaić, Vjekoslav: Povijest Hrvata od najstarijih vremena do svršetka XIX stoljeća, Nakladni zavod Matic hrvatske, 1972.
- Cawley, Charles, Profile of Stjepan Tomašević, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012,[better source needed]
- J. V. A. Fine, "The Late Medieval Balkans, A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest" (1994), page 584
- Steven Runciman, "The Fall of Constantinople 1453" (1965), page 182
|King of Bosnia
|Despot of Serbia