Stephen de Fulbourn

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Stephen de Fulbourn was an English-born cleric and politician in thirteenth-century Ireland: he was Justiciar of Ireland, and Archbishop of Tuam 1286-89.

A native of Cambridgeshire, de Fulbourn was translated to Tuam by a Papal bull dated 12 July 1286, having previously been Bishop of Waterford. He was succeeded at Waterford by his brother Walter de Fulburn, who was Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1283-1288. He served as Treasurer of Ireland from 1274–77 and Justiciar of Ireland from 1281-88.

The History of the Popes states that his appointment took place:

after a long contest between the rival claims of two other candidates, who had been severally elected by different portions of the Chapter of Tuam. Fulburn was an Englishman, and a member of the Order of Knights Hospitallers; he twice filled the office of Lord Justice of Ireland. He held the see of Enachdune as well as that of Tuam; but not without serious opposition from a rival, John de Ufford, who had been elected Bishop and had received the King's confirmation of his appointment.

According to Otway-Ruthven,[1] his tenure as Justiciar was plagued by accusations of corruption and inefficiency. How much truth there was in the charges is difficult to say: the activities of both Stephen and his brother Walter, who acted as his Deputy, prompted an official inquiry in 1284, during which numerous charges and grievances were aired, but he remained Justiciar until his death. He gave his name to the steeping, a debased form of the sterling silver penny. This was outlawed by Edward I.[2]

De Fulbourn received possession of the temporalities 15 September 1286. He died in Dublin on 3 July 1288 and was buried in Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Otway-Ruthven, A.J. History of Medieval Ireland Barnes and Noble reissue 1993
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "scalding, n.1. Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1910.
Preceded by
Malachias Hibernicus
Archbishop of Tuam
1286–1288
Succeeded by
William de Bermingham