Stephens County, Oklahoma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Stephens County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Stephens County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1907
Seat Duncan
Largest city Duncan
Area
 • Total 891 sq mi (2,308 km2)
 • Land 874 sq mi (2,264 km2)
 • Water 17 sq mi (44 km2), 1.92%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 44,779
 • Density 50/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Website www.stephenscountyok.com

Stephens County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,048.[1] Its county seat is Duncan.[2] It was created at statehood, partly from the Chickasaw Nation in Indian Territory and partly from Comanche County in Oklahoma Territory. The county was named for Texas politician John H. Stephens.[3]

History[edit]

Stephens County was created at statehood from portions of both Oklahoma Territory (OT) and Indian Territory (IT). About two-thirds of the area came from Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation, IT, and the western third came from Comanche County, OT. The town of Duncan was designated as the county seat. County offices were located in rented facilities in Duncan until the first courthouse was built in 1921. That building was replaced by a new facility in 1967.[3]

Drilling for oil and gas began about 1910. The first production well did not come in until 1918. Production support activities soon followed. Erle P. Halliburton founded the Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Company in Duncan.[3] The company has since grown into a multinational corporation with headquarters in Dubai and Houston, Texas.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,308 km² (891 mi²), of which 2,264 km² (874 mi²) is land and 44 km² (17 mi²) (1.92%) is water.[4] It lies within the Red Bed plains. Although there is no major river in the county, there are some creeks that provide drainage. Wildhorse Creek in the eastern part flows into the Washita River. Beaver Creek in the western part of the county flows into the Red River. Lakes in the county include Lake Humphreys, Clear Creek Lake, Duncan Lake, Comanche Lake, and Waurika Lake.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 22,252
1920 24,692 11.0%
1930 33,069 33.9%
1940 31,090 −6.0%
1950 34,071 9.6%
1960 37,990 11.5%
1970 35,902 −5.5%
1980 43,419 20.9%
1990 42,299 −2.6%
2000 43,182 2.1%
2010 45,048 4.3%
Est. 2012 44,779 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]
Age pyramid for Stephens County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 43,182 people, 17,463 households, and 12,590 families residing in the county. The population density was 19/km² (49/mi²). There were 19,854 housing units at an average density of 9/km² (23/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.37% White, 2.20% Black or African American, 4.92% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 2.74% from two or more races. 3.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,463 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,709, and the median income for a family was $36,371. Males had a median income of $30,428 versus $20,055 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,357. About 11.60% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.50% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[7]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 13,761 54.39%
  Republican 9,288 36.71%
  Unaffiliated 2,251 8.90%
Total 25,300 100%

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[8]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 76.03% 14,394 23.97% 4,538
2004 71.22% 13,646 28.78% 5,515
2000 62.10% 10,860 36.98% 6,467

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d Wilson, Linda D. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Stephens County." Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  8. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

Coordinates: 34°29′N 97°52′W / 34.48°N 97.86°W / 34.48; -97.86