Erath County Courthouse
|Nickname(s): The "Ville"|
Location of Stephenville, Texas
|• City Council||Mayor Kenny Weldon
Malcolm L. Cross
|• City Manager||Mark A. Kaiser|
|• Total||11.89 sq mi (30.79 km2)|
|• Land||11.89 sq mi (30.79 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,273 ft (388 m)|
|• Density||1,440.4/sq mi (556.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1347894|
Stephenville is a city in and the county seat of Erath County, Texas, United States. The population was 17,123 at the 2010 census. Founded in 1856, it is home to Tarleton State University. Stephenville is among several communities that calls itself the "Cowboy Capital of the World".
Stephenville is named after John M. Stephen, who settled there in 1854 and donated the land for the townsite laid out by George B. Erath when the county was organized in 1856. In the first two years of its settlement, the townsite was successful; by 1858 the population reached 776. However the townsite was located in Comanche territory and raids were common. Also the hardships of the American Civil War forced citizens to leave. The population declined until 1871 when it grew after Stephenville became an agriculture and livestock center. Coal mining also became important to the area in 1886 and was a major source of economy for the following three decades.
Stephenville was incorporated in 1889, with the arrival of the Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway. In the 1890s, many of the buildings around the town square were built, Tarleton State University opened, and the community's two newspapers merged to become the Empire-Tribune, which is still in existence. In February 1907 the Stephenville North and South Texas Railway was chartered by Stephenville and Hamilton business interests which later sold the line in 1910 to the historic St. Louis Southwestern Railway of Texas system. In the 20th century industry became an important part of Stephenville, and the population has steadily increased since the 1920s.
Stephenville is located at (32.220168, -98.213630).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.89 square miles (30.8 km2), of which, 11.89 square miles (30.8 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it is water.
Stephenville is bisected by three major US highways. US Highway 377, US Highway 281, and US Highway 67 (which joins into US Hwy 377).
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Stephenville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 17,123 people, 6,276 households, and 3,351 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,440.4 people per square mile (556.1/km²). There were 7,579 housing units at an average density of 637.4 per square mile (246.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.2% White, 2.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.2% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.7% of the population.
There were 6,276 households out of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.2% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 19, 21.4% from 20 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25.3 years. There were 8,130 males and 8,933 females.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,175, and the median income for a family was $52,320. Males had a median income of $36,139 versus $30,007 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,596. About 13.6% of families and 26.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.1% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.
- Stephenville Independent School District
- Stephenville High School (Grades 9-12)
- Henderson Jr. High School (Grades 7-8)
- Gilbert Intermediate School (Grades 5-6)
- Hook Elementary School (Grades 3-4)
- Chamberlin Elementary School (Grades 1-2)
- Central Elementary School (Grades PK-K)
- Erath Excels! Academy (Grades 7-12)
- Tarleton State University
- Milton Brown, Father of Western Swing
- Lee Roy Parnell, Country music artist
- Robert A. Calvert, Texas historian
- Ben Hogan, professional golfer
- Jewel, singer
- Ryan Bingham, Americana singer-songwriter
- Ty Murray, world champion pro rodeo cowboy
- Kevin Kolb, NFL quarterback
- Red Snapp, baseball player
- Sam M. Russell, politician
- Brock Holt, baseball player
On January 8, 2008, Stephenville gained national media attention when dozens of residents reported observations of unidentified flying objects (UFOs). Several residents described the crafts as the size of a football field, while others said they were nearly a mile long, similar to the historic Arizona mass sighting of March 13, 1997. Some observers reported military aircraft pursuing the objects.
CNN's Larry King covered the news story in the days following the incident, and according to Steve Allen, a private pilot who witnessed the UFO, the object was travelling at a high rate of speed which supposedly reached 3,000 feet in the air. Allen said it was "About a half a mile wide and about a mile long. It was humongous, whatever it was." The History Channel show UFO Hunters featured a story about the UFO sightings.
On January 23, after initially denying that any aircraft were operating in the area, the US Air Force said that it was conducting training flights in the Stephenville area that involved 10 fighter jets. The Air Force said they were merely F-16 Fighting Falcon jets conducting night flights from NAS JRB Fort Worth.
Washington Post blogger Emil Steiner reported that conspiracy theories had arisen claiming that reporter Angelia Joiner was fired from her job at the Empire-Tribune due to her reporting of the UFO story. Steiner added, "conjecture breeds conspiracy theories. Any official denial can be labeled a cover-up". Herald Tribute writer Billy Cox wrote that inquiries made about the incident on his personal UFO blog have been "stonewalled" by the USAF.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Stephenville, Texas
- "Texans report seeing UFO" CNN.com, retrieved 18 Feb 2008
- "Possible UFO Sighting", Stephenville Empire-Tribune, January 10, 2008
- "UFOS: Questions & Controversy" CNN.com, retrieved 18 Feb 2008
- "UFOs? Nope. They were fighter jets, Air Force says" CNN.com, retrieved 31 Jan 2008
- Fired Reporter Angelia Joiner Sparks Conspiracy Theories
- http://www.heraldtribune.com/article/20080815/blog32/187004538&tc=yahoo - USAF Stonewalls Investigations
- Official website
- ABC News Article: UFO Visits Stephenville, Texas
- The Stephenville Empire Tribune - newspaper
- Wikipedia article for the Stephenville North and South Texas Railway
- St. Louis Southwestern Railway of Texas
- Stephenville Lights
- Steve Allen Interview