Sterling, Kansas

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Sterling, Kansas
City
Motto: "Where the Quality of Life Shines!"
Location within Rice County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Rice County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 38°12′38″N 98°12′16″W / 38.21056°N 98.20444°W / 38.21056; -98.20444Coordinates: 38°12′38″N 98°12′16″W / 38.21056°N 98.20444°W / 38.21056; -98.20444
Country United States
State Kansas
County Rice
Area[1]
 • Total 1.71 sq mi (4.43 km2)
 • Land 1.67 sq mi (4.33 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation 1,640 ft (500 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,328
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,295
 • Density 1,400/sq mi (530/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67579
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-68200 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0475908 [5]
Website Sterling-Kansas.com

Sterling is a city in Rice County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,328.[6] Sterling is home to Sterling College.

History[edit]

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, Rice County was founded.

Sterling was originally called Peace, and under the latter name was founded in 1872.[7] In 1876, the name was changed to Sterling, by two brothers after their father Sterling Rosan.[8]

In the 1890s, Jonathan S. Dillon sold groceries at his general store in Sterling. Later in 1913, he opened his first J.S. Dillon Cash Food Market in Hutchinson. Later he expanded into the Dillons grocery supermarket chain.

Historic places[edit]

Films[edit]

  • Picnic, 1955, the sequence by the lake was filmed in Sterling.

Geography[edit]

Sterling is located at 38°12′38″N 98°12′16″W / 38.21056°N 98.20444°W / 38.21056; -98.20444 (38.210658, -98.204549).[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.71 square miles (4.43 km2), of which, 1.67 square miles (4.33 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sterling, Kansas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 40.4
(4.7)
47.2
(8.4)
56.9
(13.8)
67.1
(19.5)
76.4
(24.7)
87.4
(30.8)
92.7
(33.7)
90.9
(32.7)
82.0
(27.8)
70.2
(21.2)
54.4
(12.4)
43.4
(6.3)
67.4
(19.7)
Daily mean °F (°C) 29.3
(−1.5)
35.0
(1.7)
44.3
(6.8)
54.2
(12.3)
64.5
(18.1)
75.1
(23.9)
80.4
(26.9)
78.6
(25.9)
69.4
(20.8)
57.2
(14)
42.6
(5.9)
32.5
(0.3)
55.3
(12.9)
Average low °F (°C) 18.1
(−7.7)
22.7
(−5.2)
31.6
(−0.2)
41.2
(5.1)
52.5
(11.4)
62.7
(17.1)
68.0
(20)
66.3
(19.1)
56.8
(13.8)
44.2
(6.8)
30.8
(−0.7)
21.5
(−5.8)
43.0
(6.1)
Source: [10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 2,312
1980 2,312 0.0%
1990 2,536 9.7%
2000 2,642 4.2%
2010 2,328 −11.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,328 people, 786 households, and 510 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,394.0 inhabitants per square mile (538.2/km2). There were 933 housing units at an average density of 558.7 per square mile (215.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.1% White, 2.4% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population.

There were 786 households of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.1% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.89.

The median age in the city was 29.5 years. 18.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 26.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 16% were from 25 to 44; 22% were from 45 to 64; and 16.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,642 people, 819 households, and 538 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,861.3 people per square mile (718.4/km²). There were 963 housing units at an average density of 678.4 per square mile (261.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.42% White, 1.51% African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.72% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.74% of the population.

There were 819 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.4% under the age of 18, 32.9% from 18 to 24, 17.3% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 84.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,282, and the median income for a family was $40,739. Males had a median income of $32,381 versus $17,423 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,229. About 8.7% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Sterling is part of Unified School District 376.[11][12] The district has two schools in Sterling:

College[edit]

Sterling College is the largest employer in the city of Sterling. The Sterling Warriors play home games at the Smisor Stadium.

Infrastructure[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Rice County (map legend)

Transportation[edit]

Highway[edit]

K-96 / K-14 state highway passes through Sterling. KDOT has proposed converting K-96 into a 4-lane highway and bypass the cities of Nickerson and Sterling. Numerous routes have been studied.[13][14]

Rail[edit]

The Kansas and Oklahoma Railroad passes through the city.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  7. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 273. 
  8. ^ Kansas Place-Names, John Rydjord, University of Oklahoma Press, 1972, ISBN 0-8061-0994-7
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Monthly Normals for Sterling". National Weather Service. Retrieved June 27, 2010. 
  11. ^ USD 376
  12. ^ Kansas School District Boundary Map
  13. ^ K-96 Location - Final Study; KDOT; December 2010.
  14. ^ K-96 Location - Information; KDOT.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]