Stert and Westbury Railway

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Near the site of Edington and Bratton station

The Stert and Westbury Railway was opened by the Great Western Railway Company in 1900 in Wiltshire, England. It shortened the distance between London Paddington station and Weymouth, and since 1906 has also formed part of the Reading to Taunton line for a shorter journey from London to Penzance.

History[edit]

GWR short cuts to the West
Stet and Westbury marked "A"

The Great Western Railway (GWR) had opened its main line between London Paddington and Bristol Temple Meads in 1841. It was extended westwards through Taunton and trains were running through to Penzance by 1867. Another route left the main line at Thingley Junction near Chippenham that ran south to Westbury in 1848 and was extended to Weymouth in 1857. Both these lines carried trains connecting with ships – from the Channel Islands at Weymouth, and from America at Plymouth – but the GWR was sometimes referred to as the 'Great Way Round' as its routes to these places were longer than the rival London and South Western Railway.[1]

In 1895 the GWR started work on laying a second track on the Berks and Hants Extension Railway which was part of a route westwards from Reading to Devizes, and on constructing the Stert and Westbury line that would connect the Berks and Hants line with Westbury. The new line was ready for goods traffic on 29 July 1900 and passenger trains started to use the line on 1 October.[2] The new line was 14 miles 35 chains (23.2 km) long[2] and reduced the distance from Paddington to Westbury and Weymouth by 14.24 miles (22.9 km).[3] From 2 July 1906 the line was also carrying trains from Paddington to Penzance due to the opening of the Langport and Castle Cary Railway which shortened this journey by 20.25 miles (32.6 km).[3]

Westbury station had been rebuilt in 1899 in preparation for the additional trains and two lines were added later to allow non-stop trains to avoid the congested station area. In 1933 a connection from the Stert line ran along a new route to the east of the station and rejoined the main line some distance to the west. Another connection was opened in 1942 to allow westbound trains from the Stert line to run directly to the north towards Chippenham or Bristol, one of many short connecting lines built around the network during World War II.[4]

The GWR was nationalised to become the Western Region of British Railways on 1 January 1948. Local passenger trains were withdrawn on the line on 18 April 1966 but it still forms an important link in the London to Penzance Line and carries freight traffic from the quarries in the Mendip Hills towards terminals in London and the South East. The 1942 curve at Westbury also allows it to be used as a diversionary route when the Great Western Main Line through Swindon is blocked.

Stations[edit]

Stert and Westbury
miles from London
To London
81.0 Patney and Chirton
To Devizes
Lavington Viaduct
87.0 Lavington
91.5 Edington and Bratton
Westbury Cement Works
Heywood Road Junction
To Bristol and Chippenham
95.5 Westbury
Fairwood Junction
To Salisbury
To Penzance and Weymouth

Unless otherwise stated, all stations were open for passenger traffic from 29 July 1900 to 18 April 1966. The station buildings were constructed in brick and all stations had a covered footbridge to link the platforms (except Westbury where a subway was provided).

Patney and Chirton[edit]

When the Berks and Hants Extension Railway had opened in 1862 the nearest station to Patney had been at Woodborough. With the construction of the Stert line a new junction station was provided north of the village and it opened for passengers on 29 July 1900. Known initially as 'Patney Bridge', this was soon changed to avoid confusion with Putney Bridge station in London. Chirton is another village a short distance beyond Patney. The main building was on the westbound platform, from where a road led to the village. Opposite this was a double-sided platform with a smaller building; trains from Westbury used one face of the platform, and those to and from Devizes used the other. A signal box was situated west of the main platform and a small goods yard was located behind this but this was not in use until 1904.

A military training exercise in 1909 prompted the building of a fourth platform. This 600 feet (180 m) 'military platform' was north of the main station and had its own access road. It was taken out of use in the 1950s. The goods yard closed on 19 May 1964 and the station was unstaffed from November 1965. The signal box closed in 1966, and the station was demolished soon after. Just the footbridge remains.[4]

Lavington[edit]

This station was situated where the line passed close to Littleton Panell on an embankment but was named to reflect two larger communities: Market Lavington and West Lavington. The main building was on the westbound platform and a waiting room was built on the eastbound. The goods yard (in use from 29 July 1900) was at the south west of the station and the West signal box was opposite. A second East signal box on the south side of the line was used open from about 1903 to 1914 when it was removed to allow the platforms to be lengthened. The signal box was retained for occasional use after the station closed until 1979. The goods yard closed on 3 April 1967and a scrap yard now occupies the site.[4]

The largest engineering structure on the line is the brick viaduct at Lavington. Situated 1.4 miles (2.3 km) east of the station,[5] it is 120 yards (110 m) long and up to 40 feet (12 m) high.[3]

Edington and Bratton[edit]

The station at Edington opened for goods traffic on 29 July 1900, a month before passenger trains were allowed to use the line. The village of Bratton is about 1.5 miles (2 km) distant. A brick building containing the main facilities stood on the westbound platform and a waiting shelter was provided for passengers travelling eastwards. The goods shed was to the west of the main building. Passenger trains no longer called after 3 November 1952 and the buildings were demolished, but the goods shed and yard remained open for traffic until 25 March 1963 and is now an industrial estate.[4]

Westbury[edit]

Westbury station was rebuilt in 1899 ready for the new line.

The station at Westbury opened on 5 September 1848 as the terminus of a line from Chippenham. Lines continued to both Weymouth and Salisbury and were all served by the same small station with a wooden train shed covering the platforms. In 1899 it was rebuilt with two 600 feet (180 m) platforms, each served by two tracks. The station offices were at road level on the east side of the station, and access to the platforms was by a subway at the same level. In 1984 the easternmost track was taken out of passenger use. Although the locomotive sheds have long gone, the station remains a busy junction with extensive goods yards.[4] A signal box north of the station was opened in 1984 and controls the whole of the Westbury area and 38 miles (61 km) of the main line from east of Lavington as far as Somerton.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ MacDermot, E T (1927). History of the Great Western Railway. 1 (1833-1863) (1 ed.). London: Great Western Railway. 
  2. ^ a b MacDermot 1931, p. 609
  3. ^ a b c MacDermot, E T (1931). History of the Great Western Railway. 2 (1863-1921) (1 ed.). London: Great Western Railway. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Oakley, Mike (2004). Wiltshire Railway Stations. Wimbourne: The Dovecote Press. ISBN 1-904349-33-1. 
  5. ^ a b Jacobs, Gerald (2005). Railway Track Diagrams Book 3: Western. Bradford-on-Avon: Trackmaps. ISBN 0-9549866-1-X.