|Born||Stephen McConnell Case
August 21, 1958
Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Joanne Barker (1985–1996)
Jean Villanueva (1998–present)
|Alma mater||Williams College|
Stephen McConnell "Steve" Case (born August 21, 1958) is an American businessman best known as the former chief executive officer and chairman of America Online (AOL). Since his retirement as chairman of AOL Time Warner in 2003, he has gone on to build a variety of new businesses through his investment company Revolution. In addition, he serves as chair of the Case Foundation run by his wife Jean Case. In early 2011, he was selected by President Barack Obama to serve as Chairman of the Startup America Partnership  and named to the President's Council on Jobs and Competitiveness. Steve Case is also a frequent guest on CNBC's Squawk Box and appeared on August 24, 2011 to discuss his initiatives to spur high growth entrepreneurship and job creation on behalf of the Startup America Partnership and the President's Council on Jobs and Competitiveness.
Life and career
Case was born and grew up in Honolulu, Hawaii, the son of Carol (Holmes) and Daniel Hebard Case. He graduated from the private Punahou School (Class of 1976) and attended Central Union Church.
Case graduated from Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts in 1980 with a degree in political science. For the next two years he worked as an assistant brands manager at Procter & Gamble in Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1982 he joined Pizza Hut Inc. in Wichita, Kansas, serving as manager of new pizza marketing.
In January 1983, his older brother Dan, an investment banker, introduced him to Bill von Meister, CEO of Control Video Corporation. The company was marketing a service called GameLine for the Atari 2600 video game console that allowed users to download games via a phone line and modem. After that meeting, von Meister hired Case as a marketing consultant. Later that year, the company nearly went bankrupt and one of its investors, Frank Caufield, had his friend Jim Kimsey brought in as a manufacturing consultant. Case later joined the company as a full-time marketing employee.
In 1985 Quantum Computer Services, an online services company was founded by Jim Kimsey from the remnants of Control Video. Kimsey became CEO of the newly renamed Quantum Computer Services and hired Case as vice president of marketing. In 1987 he promoted him again to executive vice president. Kimsey groomed Case to become chairman and CEO when Kimsey retired, and the transition formally took place in 1991 (CEO) and 1995 (chairman).
As part of the changes that gave birth to Quantum, Case changed the company's strategy, creating an online service called Quantum Link (Q-Link for short) for the Commodore 64 in 1985 with programmer (and AOL co-founder) Marc Seriff. In 1988, Quantum began offering the AppleLink online service for Apple and PC-Link for IBM compatible computers. In 1991 he changed the company name to America Online and merged the Apple and PC services under the AOL name; the new service reached 1 million subscribers by 1994, and Q-Link was terminated October 21 of that year.
AOL pioneered the concept of social media, as its focus from day one was on communication features such as chatrooms, instant messaging and forums. Case believed that the "killer app" was community — people interacting with each other — and that was the driver of much of AOL's early success. By contrast, competitive services of the time such as Prodigy funded by IBM and Sears, focused on shopping and CompuServe focused on being an information utility. AOL's strategy was to make online services available and accessible to the mass market by making them affordable, easy to use, useful and fun. At a time when competing services like CompuServe were charging for each minute of access (which varied based on modem speeds and added extra charges for premium services), beginning in 1996, AOL priced its service at $19.95 per month of unlimited use of basic tier services. Within three years, AOL's userbase grew to 10 million, ultimately reaching 26.7 million subscribers at its peak in 2002.
Among many initiatives in the early years of AOL, Case personally championed many innovative online interactive titles and games, including graphical chat environments Habitat (1986) and Club Caribe (1989), the first online interactive fiction series QuantumLink Serial by Tracy Reed (1988), Quantum Space, the first fully automated Play by email game (1989), and the original Dungeons & Dragons title Neverwinter Nights, the first Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game (MMORPG) to depict the adventure with graphics instead of text (1991).
After a decade of quick growth, AOL merged with media giant Time Warner in 2001, creating one of the world's largest media, entertainment and communications companies. The $164 billion acquisition was completed in January 2001 but quickly ran into trouble as part of the dot-com recession, compounded by accounting scandals. Case announced his resignation as chairman in January 2003, although he remained on the company's board of directors for almost three more years.
The failure of the AOL-Time Warner merger is the subject of a book by Nina Munk entitled Fools Rush In: Steve Case, Jerry Levin, and the Unmaking of AOL Time Warner (2005). A photo of Case and Time Warner's Jerry Levin embracing at the announcement of the merger appears on the cover.
In 2005, Case wrote in The Washington Post that "It's now my view that it would be best to 'undo' the merger by splitting Time Warner into several independent companies and allowing AOL to set off on its own path."
Case resigned from the Time-Warner board of directors in October 2005, to spend more time working on Revolution LLC, a holding company he founded in April 2005. He remains (as of December 2005) one of Time-Warner's largest individual shareholders. He is also chairman of the Case Foundation, which he and his wife Jean Case created in 1997. In 2011, Steve and Jean Case, were honored as Citizens of the Year by the National Conference on Citizenship  and interviewed by Stephanie Strom of The New York Times about their record of service and philanthropic endeavors.
Case was inducted into the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 2009. In 2011, he was appointed as a Citizen Regent of the Smithsonian Institution. Case serves as a co-chair of the Democracy Project at the Bipartisan Policy Center. In May 2014, Case received an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Georgetown University.
Revolution holds majority stakes in several healthcare companies (including Revolution Health Group) and luxury travel firms (including Miraval and luxury destination club Exclusive Resorts, where Case serves as Chairman). In August 2005 it purchased a controlling interest in Flexcar, which merged with Zipcar in November 2007. It was also an early investor in LivingSocial. 
Case controls tens of thousands of acres of land in Hawaii, including a controlling interest in Maui Land & Pineapple Company, and Grove Farm, obtained in a highly controversial transaction which led to years of litigation by the farm's previous owners.
His father, Daniel H. Case, is the founding partner of the Hawaiian law firm of Case Lombardi & Pettit. His mother Carol was an elementary school teacher. His parents had three other children: Carin, Dan and Jeff. His brother Dan died from brain cancer at the age of 44 in June 2002.
In 1985, Case married Joanne Barker whom he had met while attending Williams College. The couple had three children and divorced in 1996. Two years later, in 1998, he married former AOL executive Jean Villanueva in a ceremony officiated by the Rev. Billy Graham. They and their four daughters and one son from previous marriages reside in McLean, Virginia, in a mansion that was the childhood home of Jacqueline Bouvier.
- "Steve Case Biography". American Academy of Achievement. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
- "White House Announces Startup America Partnership to Foster Innovative, High-Growth Firms in United States". March 25, 2011. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
- Jared A. Favole (February 22, 2011). "Obama Taps AOL's Case for Jobs Council". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
- "Creating High-Growth Companies". August 24, 2011.
- Bob Van Voris, Bloomberg News (2006-08-01). "Steve Case immerses himself in life after AOL". Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
- Ashby, Ruth (2002). "Page 17". Steve Case: America Online Pioneer. Brookfield, Conn.: Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 0-7613-2655-3. "His brother Dan introduced him to ... Bill Von Meister"
- "AOL A History". Retrieved June 13, 2011.
- "Steve Case Biography". AskMen. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
- "Steve Case". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
- "The History of AOL". WebHostingReport.com. Retrieved June 11, 2011.
- "Wikipedia:AOL". Retrieved June 14, 2011.
- "Steve Case's Last Stand". Retrieved June 14, 2011.
- "AOL founder calls for breakup of Time Warner". Bloomberg via Seattle Post-Intelligencer (nwsource.com). December 13, 2005. Retrieved 2007-12-01.
- "Jean and Steve Case recognized at Citizens of the Year at the Civic Innovators Forum". Retrieved September 22, 2011.
- "About Smithsonian: Regent Members". Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
-  Bipartisan Policy Center's Democracy Project
- "Georgetown Announces Speakers for 2014 Commencement". Georgetown University. May 1, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2014.
- "Revolution Co-Founder Talks Living Social ZipCar, Steve Case and Groupon Super Bowl Ads". The Business Insider. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
- Ilima Loomis (August 5, 2010). "Steve Case’s ownership in ML&P now at 62.8 percent". The Maui News. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
- AOL co-founder having 'fun' in healthcare, resort venture - The Honolulu Advertiser - Hawaii's Newspaper
- Stewart Yerton (April 23, 2006). "Grove Farm - a house divided: Litigation that divides family stems from sale clouded in suspicions". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
- Leena Rao (May 6, 2010). "HelloWallet Nabs $3.6 Million From Steve Case And Grotech For Personal Finance Software". techcrunch.com. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
- techcrunch.com (5/6/10). "Received $3.6M in Series A funding led by Grotech Ventures, Jean Case and Steve Case". crunchbase.com/. Retrieved May 23, 2011. Check date values in:
- Daniel H. Case bio & at Case Lombardi & Pettit
- Munk, Nina (2004). "Page 72". Fools Rush in: Steve Case, Jerry Levin, and the Unmaking of AOL Time Warner. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-054035-4.
- "Investment banker Daniel H. Case, Jr. dies of cancer at 44". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. 2002-06-27.
- Dicus, Howard (January 13, 2003). "Steve Case decides to resign from AOL Time Warner".
- Ashby, Ruth (2002). "Page 24". Steve Case: America Online Pioneer. Brookfield, Conn.: Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 0-7613-2655-3. "He had married his college girlfriend, Joanne, in 1985"
- Munk, Nina (January 2003). "Steve Case's Last Stand". Vanity Fair. "In 1985 he married Joanne Barker at a church in her hometown of Rumson, New Jersey. They'd met at Williams, where Barker, a student at Smith College, had spent a year. She became a schoolteacher. They had three children." Also available at .
- "Digits: "You've got married"". Wall Street Journal. 1998-07-09. Archived from the original on 1998-07-09. "Steve Case ... has tied the knot with companion Jean Villanueva ... the top public-relations official at AOL until she left the company in 1996. Officiating at the small ceremony was the Rev. Billy Graham ... The previous marriages of Mr. Case and Ms. Villanueva ended in divorce."
- Eisler, Kim (2007-02-01). "Second Coming". The Washingtonian.
- "The Online World of Steve Case". Business Week. 1996-04-15.
- Klein, Alec (2003). Stealing Time: Steve Case, Jerry Levin, and the Collapse of AOL Time Warner. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-5984-X.
- Interview detailing Case's support for early games, and effects of explosive growth
- Appearances on TIANow Steve Case Talks Jobs & Innovation with TIA President, Grant Seiffert
- Revolution LLC
- Revolution Health
- The Case Foundation
- Steve Case on Twitter
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Works by or about Steve Case in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Profile at Forbes'
- Steve Case collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Steve Case collected news and commentary at The Wall Street Journal
- Megamerger Masters, a transcript of a January 2000 interview of Case and Gerald Levin, from the PBS website
- Steve Case discusses his move into health care, 2006
- Who Invented AOL, 2008
|New office||Chief Executive Officer of America Online