||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (May 2014)|
|Steve Cowper taking questions at a press conference in March 1990.|
|6th Governor of Alaska|
December 1, 1986 – December 2, 1990
|Preceded by||Bill Sheffield|
|Succeeded by||Walter J. Hickel|
|Member of the Alaska House of Representatives
from the 20th district
January 20, 1975 – January 14, 1979
|Born||Stephen Cambreleng Cowper
August 21, 1938
|Spouse(s)||1) ? (divorced)
2) Michael Margaret (née Stewart; m. ca. 1985)
|Children||Katherine (b. ca. 1962)
Grace (b. ca. 1964)
Wade (b. 1986)
|Alma mater||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill B.A., L.L.B.|
Stephen Cambreleng "Steve" Cowper (born August 21, 1938) is an American Democratic politician who was the sixth Governor of Alaska of Alaska from 1986 to 1990. Cowper served as Governor during the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill.
Early life and career
Stephen Cambreleng Cowper was born on August 21, 1938 in Petersburg, Virginia to Stephanie (née Smith) and Marion Cowper. He was raised in Kinston, North Carolina. He received bachelor's and law degrees from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and after serving in the U.S. Army Medical Corps and Army Reserve, he worked as a maritime lawyer in Norfolk, Virginia for three years. Cowper moved to Fairbanks, Alaska in 1968 and served as assistant district attorney for rural Alaska and Fairbanks.
In 1970, Cowper went to Vietnam and worked as a freelance correspondent throughout Asia. Upon returning to Alaska, he wrote a political column for the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner, taught a college course on Alaska lands, was a partner in an air taxi and cargo business, and worked as a diver for a University of Alaska[clarification needed] marine research team.
In 1974, Cowper was elected to the Alaska House of Representatives, where he served two terms. During his time in House, he served as chairman of the Finance Committee (1977–1978), chairman of the Steering Council on Alaska Lands (1978), a member of the Subsistence Committee (1977–1978), and a member of the Alaska Advisory Committee for the Law of the Sea Conference (1978). In 1982, Cowper ran for Governor, but narrowly lost the Democratic nomination to Bill Sheffield, who went on to win the general election.
Governor of Alaska (1986–1990)
Cowper ran for Governor again in 1986, and defeated incumbent Sheffield in the August 26 primary by a 2–1 margin. He eventually won the November 4 general election, winning 47% of the vote against Republican Arliss Sturgulewski and Alaskan Independence Party candidate Joe Vogler.
Once in office, Cowper proposed reestablishing the state income tax to help close the state's billon-dollar deficit; this proposal was met with strong opposition. He also advocated the expansion of the University of Alaska's international study program, hoped to establish an International Trade Center, and placed emphasis on the teaching of foreign languages and culture in state schools. In early 1989, Cowper announced he would not seek reelection in 1990, a decision considered a surprise by some observers.
After serving as Governor, Cowper served as a visiting fellow at the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey in 1991, and was a Co-Chairman of the Pacific Rim Fisheries Conference in 1994 and 1997. Since 1991, he has been the CEO of Steve Cowper & Associates, a group that advises companies and governments on energy-related initiatives. He has also served on the boards of multiple energy-related companies in the US and Canada. As of 2010, Cowper lived in Austin, Texas with his wife and family.
- "Alaska Governor Steve Cowper". nga.org. National Governors Association. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- Marie Marmo Mullaney. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1988-1994. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1994. 13.
- "Former Alaska Gov Steve Cowper joins Knowledge Ops as Senior Fellow for Government Affairs". ogfj.com. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- Steve Cowper at 100 Years of Alaska's Legislature
|Governor of Alaska
Walter J. Hickel