|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 4th district
January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Tom Latham|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 5th district
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Tom Latham|
|Succeeded by||District eliminated|
|Member of the Iowa Senate
from the 6th district
January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Wayne Bennett|
|Succeeded by||Thurman Gaskill|
|Born||Steven Arnold King
May 28, 1949
Storm Lake, Iowa
Steven Arnold "Steve" King (born May 28, 1949) is the U.S. Representative for Iowa's 4th congressional district, serving in Congress since 2003. He is a member of the Republican Party. The district is located in the northwestern part of the state and includes Sioux City. On May 3, 2013, King tweeted he will not run for for the U.S. Senate in 2014.
Early life, education, and business career
King was born on May 28, 1949 in Storm Lake, Iowa. The son of Emmett King, a state police dispatcher, and Mildred King, a homemaker, King graduated in 1967 from Denison Community High School. He attended Northwest Missouri State University from 1967 to 1970, and was a member of *Alpha Kappa Lambda Fraternity  majoring in math, leaving before earning a degree to work in construction.  In 1975, he founded King Construction, an earth moving company. King founded the Kiron Business Association in the 1980s. His involvement with the Iowa Land Improvement Contractors' Association led to regional and national offices in that organization and a growing interest in public policy.
Iowa Senate (1997-2003)
From 1996 to 2002, King served as an Iowa State Senator, representing the 6th district. He assisted in eliminating the inheritance tax, authored and passed into law workplace drug testing, worked for strengthening parental rights, passing tax cuts for working residents of Iowa, and passing a law that made English the official language in Iowa.
- Business and Labor
- Oversight Budget (Vice Chairman)
- State Government (Chair)
U.S. House of Representatives (2003-Present)
In 2002, after redistricting King ran for the open Iowa's 5th congressional district. He ranked first in the four-way Republican primary with 31% of the vote. He was unable to procure the 35% voting threshold needed to win; subsequently, a nominating convention was held, which led to a nomination for King, who defeated State Representative Brent Siegrist 51%-47%. King won the general election, defeating Council Bluffs City Councilman Paul Shomshor 62%-38%. He won all the counties in the district except Pottawattamie.
Iowa lost a district as a result of the 2010 Census. King's district was renumbered as the 4th District, and pushed well to the east, absorbing Mason City and Ames in the process. This placed King and his predecessor, Latham, in the same district. Latham opted to move to the reconfigured 3rd District to challenge Democratic incumbent Leonard Boswell. While the new district closely resembles the area Latham represented for his first four terms, it is much more competitive than King's old district. The old 5th had a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+9 while the new 4th has a PVI of R+4.
Soon afterward, former Iowa First Lady Christie Vilsack, the wife of former Governor and current Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack, announced she was moving to the new 4th to challenge King. King received endorsement from Mitt Romney, who said, "I’m looking here at Steve King because this man needs to be your congressman again. I want him as my partner in Washington, D.C." King won re-election to a sixth term, defeating Vilsack, 53%-45%. King won all but seven counties: Webster, Boone, Story, Chickasaw, Floyd, Cerro Gordo, and Winnebago. All of those counties he did not represent in the 5th district. Of the election, King stated “I faced $7 million, the best of everything Democrats can throw at me, their dream candidate and everything that can come from the Obama machine, and prevailed through all of that with 55 percent of my district that was new.”
King is considered an outspoken fiscal and social conservative. After winning the 2002 Republican nomination, he said that he intended to use his seat in Congress to "move the political center of gravity in Congress to the right."
During the 110th Congress, King voted with the majority of the Republican Party 90.9% of the time. King has continuously voted for Iraq War legislation, and has supported surge efforts and opposed a time table for troop withdrawals. During the 112th Congress King was one of 40 "staunch" members of the Republican Study Committee who frequently voted against Republican party leadership and vocally expressed displeasure with House bills.
Views on Abortion and Stem Cells
King scored a 100% rating with the National Right to Life Committee, indicating a pro-life voting record. King also voted no on allowing human embryonic stem cell research. King supports the No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act, which would ban federal funding of abortions except in cases of what the bill calls "forcible rape". This would remove the coverage from Medicaid that covers abortions for victims of statutory rape or incest.”
Views on Gun Ownership
King supports a broad legal latitude for individual gun ownership.
Farm Animal Cruelty Controversy
In July 2012, King introduced an amendment to the House Farm Bill that would legalize previously banned animal agriculture practices such as tail-docking, putting arsenic in chicken feed, and keeping impregnated pigs in small crates. "My language wipes out everything they’ve done with pork and veal,” King said of his amendment. The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) President Wayne Pacelle said the measure could nullify "any laws to protect animals, and perhaps... laws to protect the environment, workers, or public safety." 
In May 2013, King introduced another amendment to the House Farm Bill, the Protect Interstate Commerce Act (PICA). He stated, "PICA blocks states from requiring 'free range' eggs or 'free range' pork." Specifically, this amendment would affect the 2008 California agricultural legislation, Proposition 2, the Prevention of Farm Animal Cruelty Act. This act was meant to prohibit both the production and sales of battery cage eggs and ban veal crates and gestation crates in the state. The King amendment was approved by voice vote, despite forceful arguments raised against it by Reps. Jim Costa, D-Calif., Jeff Denham, R-Calif., John Garamendi, D-Calif., and Kurt Schrader, D-Ore. The Humane Society of the United States stated that, "King’s amendment could allow the overturning of every voter-approved animal welfare ballot measure relating to agriculture, including Proposition 2 in California (banning extreme confinement crates for pigs, veal calves and laying hens), Proposition 6 in California (forbidding the sale of horses for slaughter for human consumption), Proposition 204 in Arizona (banning veal and pig gestation crates) and Amendment 10 in Florida (outlawing pig gestation crates)."
In July 2012 King opposed the McGovern amendment (to the 2012 farm bill) to establish misdemeanor penalties for knowingly attending an organized animal fight and felony penalties for bringing a minor to such a fight. King was also one of 39 members of the House to vote against an upgrade of penalties for transporting fighting animals across state lines in 2007. King received a score of zero on the 2012 Humane Society Legislative Fund's Humane Scorecard. Afterwards, he put out a video clarifying his position where he defended his position by stating that it would be putting animals above humans if it was legal to watch humans fight, but not animals. This resulted in an even larger backlash, prompting a feature segment on The Colbert Report criticizing the reasoning behind his argument. The main differences cited between combat sports between humans and those between dogs were a matter of ability to choose to participate and the consequences for losing a match. 
Same Sex Marriage Controversy
On April 3, 2009, the Iowa Supreme Court ruled that a state ban on same-sex marriage violated the Iowa constitution. King soon commented that the judges "should resign from their position" and the state legislature "must also enact marriage license residency requirements so that Iowa does not become the gay marriage Mecca."  King, along with others, mounted a campaign against the retention of all three Iowa Supreme Court judges who ruled on the gay marriage case. King bought $80,000 of radio advertising across the state calling for Iowans to vote "no" on the judges. Subsequently, all three judges were not retained.
King fought against Medicare and Medicaid paying for a number of medications such as Viagra, which he described as "recreational drugs". King also has voted against each stimulus bill in the U.S. House of Representatives, saying, “Our economy will not recover because government spends more. It will recover because people produce more.”
Katrina Aid Controversy
King gained prominence by being one of 11 in Congress to vote against the $52 billion Katrina Aid package citing fiscal responsibility and the government needing a comprehensive plan for spending aid money. The Sioux City Journal wrote the following about King's vote:
In September, we took our congressman, Steve King, to task for voting against a $52 billion aid package for victims of Hurricane Katrina. King - who was just one of 11 members of Congress who voted against the package which passed both houses and was signed by President Bush - based his vote on the need for "fiscal responsibility". He said the federal government needed to develop a comprehensive plan for spending aid dollars, including input from members of Congress, before more money was appropriated. He earlier had voted for a $10.5 billion emergency aid package. Well, after reading an Associated Press story about a report that details how perhaps hundreds of millions of dollars in Katrina disaster aid have been misspent, it appears we were wrong and King was right about his vote on the $52 billion.
In April 2006, conservative members of Congress proposed strengthening law enforcement against illegal immigration to the United States. When asked if "the US economy simply couldn't function without" the presence of illegal immigrants, King said that he rejected that position "categorically". He said "they", referring to the 77.5 million people between the ages of sixteen and sixty-five in the United States who are not part of the workforce, "could be put to work and we could invent machines to replace the rest."
King said that "members of Congress that vote for a guest-worker plan ... will be supporting an amnesty plan and they should be branded with the scarlet letter 'A' and pay for that amnesty in the ballot box in November [elections]".
Obama's middle name controversy
On March 7, 2008, during his press engagements to announce his reelection campaign, King made remarks about Senator and Democratic Presidential candidate Barack Obama and his middle name, saying:
I don't want to disparage anyone because of their race, their ethnicity, their name - whatever their religion their father might have been, I'll just say this: When you think about the optics of a Barack Obama potentially getting elected President of the United States -- I mean, what does this look like to the rest of the world? What does it look like to the world of Islam? I will tell you that, if he is elected president, then the radical Islamists, the al-Qaida, the radical Islamists and their supporters, will be dancing in the streets in greater numbers than they did on September 11 because they will declare victory in this War on Terror. Additionally, his middle name (Hussein) does matter. It matters because they read a meaning into that in the rest of the world. [...] If he were strong on national defense and said "I'm going to go over there and we're going to fight and we're going to win, we'll come home with a victory," that's different. But that's not what he said. They will be dancing in the streets if he's elected president. That has a chilling aspect on how difficult it will be to ever win this Global War on Terror.
Then on March 10, King defended his comments to The Associated Press, saying "(Obama will) certainly be viewed as a savior for them.... That's why you will see them supporting him, encouraging him."
Obama said he did not take the comments too seriously, describing King as an individual who thrives on making controversial statements to get media coverage. He said, "I would hope Senator McCain would want to distance himself from that kind of inflammatory and offensive remarks." The McCain campaign disavowed King's comments, saying "John McCain rejects the type of politics that degrades our civics…and obviously that extends to Congressman King's statement."
In mid-January 2009, King acknowledged that terrorists were not dancing in the streets, and in fact "They have made statements against Obama." He also said that he found Obama's decision to use his middle name "Hussein" when he is sworn in as the 44th President of the United States on January 20, 2009, to be "bizarre" and "a double-standard".
Affirmative Action controversy
King opposes race based quotas and affirmative action. King has stated: “There’s been legislation that’s been brought through this House that sets aside benefits for women and minorities. The only people that it excludes are white men...Pretty soon, white men are going to notice they are the ones being excluded.” 
Political lobbying controversy
On February 26, 2010, King went to the House floor to protest the Democrats' handling of health care reform and said: "Lobbyists do a very effective and useful job on this Hill ...There's a credibility there in that arena that I think somebody needs to stand up for the lobby, and it is a matter of providing a lot of valuable information."
Racial profiling controversy
Steve King said on the floor of the House on June 14, 2010 that racial profiling is an important component of law enforcement: "Some claim that the Arizona law will bring about racial discrimination profiling. First let me say, Mr. Speaker, that profiling has always been an important component of legitimate law enforcement. If you can’t profile someone, you can’t use those common sense indicators that are before your very eyes. Now, I think it’s wrong to use racial profiling for the reasons of discriminating against people, but it’s not wrong to use race or other indicators for the sake of identifying people that are violating the law." As an example of profiling, King described an instance when a taxi driver would stop for him before he had to hail a cab, just because he was in a business suit.
Steve King said on a radio show on June 14, 2010 that President Obama's policies favor black people. On G. Gordon Liddy's radio program, King said, "The president has demonstrated that he has a default mechanism in him that breaks down the side of race - on the side that favors the black person in the case of Prof. Gates and officer Crowley."
Todd Akin Rape controvery
King called the comments concerning statements made by Todd Akin about "legitimate rape" to be "petty personal attacks" and also called Akin a "strong Christian man". In an interview with a local TV Station, King denied ever personally hearing about anyone getting pregnant from statutory rape or incest, saying: "Well I just haven't heard of that being a circumstance that's been brought to me in any personal way, and I'd be open to discussion about that subject matter."
- Committee on Agriculture
- Committee on the Judiciary
- Committee on Small Business
- "Steve King not running for Iowa Senate Seat". The Quinton Report. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
- "Steve King (R)". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-07-11.
- "Steve King". KCCI. Retrieved 2010-07-11.
- Hayworth, Bret (08-11-2012). "STEVE KING: Cool and calculated, he’s developed a national profile as a staunch conservative". Sioux City Journal.
- "U.S. House Of Representatives District 5". Lyon County Reporter. 2006-10-25. Retrieved 2010-07-12.
- Giroux, Gregory L., King Promises Rightward Movement for Iowa , CQ Daily Monitor, 7/5/2002.
- "Iowa Statewide Election Summary" (pdf), November 9, 2006. Retrieved November 15, 2006.
- Office of the Iowa Secretary of State
- "Iowa Secretary of State - Matt Schultz". Sos.state.ia.us. Retrieved 2012-08-12.
- Jacobs, Jennifer. "Firebrand Steve King tells Siouxland not to doubt Romney's faith in Jesus". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
- Thompson, Kate. Fifth District Republicans Crown Their King. Sioux City Journal, 2002-06-30.
- "Votes Database - Steve King". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
- Steinhauer, Jennifer (2012-03-16). "G.O.P. Freshmen Not as Defiant as Reputation Suggests". New York Times.
- "Steve King on Abortion". On the Issues. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- Leigh, Heather. "Rep. Steve King on the Campaign Trail". KMEG14. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- "Steve King on Gun Control". Ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- "Congressman brags his bill will 'wipe out' animal rights laws". MSN.
- Robbins, John. "Will the Farm Bill Nullify Laws Against Animal Cruelty?". The Huffington Post.
- "Two King Amendments Included in Farm Bill".
- Stern, Dale. "King Amendment to Farm Bill Threatens California Ag". California Farmer.
- "The HSUS Calls Out Steve King on Opposition to Anti-Dogfighting Bill". humanesociety.org. The U.S. Humane Society. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
- "Humane Scorecard". Final Report for the 112th Congress Preview Version—September 2012. Humane Society Legislative Fund. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- Keyes, Scott. "Steve King Defends Dog Fighting Comments In Bizarre Diatribe". Center for American Progress Action Fund.
- "Steve King's Dogfighting Defense". The Colbert Report.
- Des Moines Register
- The Iowa Independent
- "The Winners of the 2010 Election". The Iowa Republican. 2010-11-04. Retrieved 2012-08-12.
- "House Rejects Coverage of Impotence Pills". The New York Times. June 25, 2005. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- "U.S. Rep. King: Opposes bill stimulating government". IowaPolitics.com. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- "King was right". Sioux City Journal. 2007-12-13. Archived from the original on 2007-12-14. Retrieved 2012-08-12.
- Robin Lustig, interviewing King on the BBC's programme 'The World Tonight' on BBC Radio 4
- "Local News: King announced bid for fourth term (03/08/08)". Spencer Daily Reporter. 2008-03-08. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- "Rep. King defends comments on Obama". USA Today. March 11, 2008. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- Daniel Libit (January 15, 2009). "King: Obama 'bizarre' to use 'Hussein'". Politico.
- "Why is the GOP slighting Hispanics? (page 2)". Retrieved August 4, 2009.
- Vaida, Bara (2010-03-01). "Rep. King: "Lobbyists Are Useful"". National Journal. Retrieved 2010-07-12.
- King: Racial profiling is important for law enforcement (Des Moines Register, 6/15/10)
- Rep. Steve King Tells Congress He Is A Victim Of Profiling As A White Man In A Suit
- Steve King Says Obama "Favors the Black Person" (CBS News, 6/15/10)
- Joseph, Cameron. "Rep. Steve King defends Akin as a "strong Christian man"". The Hill. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- Preston, Julia (January 7, 2011). "Surprise Choice for Immigration Panel". The New York Times. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Steve King (Iowa politician)|
- U.S. Congressman Steve King official U.S. House site
- Steve King for U.S. Congress official campaign site
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Biography at Ballotpedia
- Biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Congressional profile at GovTrack
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Financial information (federal office) at OpenSecrets.org
- Staff salaries, trips and personal finance (federal office) at LegiStorm.com
- Financial information (state office) at the National Institute for Money in State Politics
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Voting record at The Washington Post
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Appearances at the Internet Movie Database
- Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
- Entry at NNDB
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 5th congressional district
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 4th congressional district
|United States order of precedence|
|United States Representatives by seniority