|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 36th district
January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 9th district
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 1997
|Preceded by||Jack Brooks|
|Succeeded by||Nick Lampson|
|Born||Stephen Ernest Stockman
November 14, 1956
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Patti Ferguson (1988–present)|
|Alma mater||University of Houston, Clear Lake|
Stephen Ernest "Steve" Stockman (born November 14, 1956) is an American politician and member of the Republican Party who is the United States Representative for Texas's 36th congressional district. Stockman previously served as the U.S. Representative for Texas's 9th congressional district from 1995 to 1997 and has served in his current position since 2013. Stockman ran in the 2014 election for the United States Senate but lost the Republican primary to incumbent Senator John Cornyn.
- 1 Early life, education, and business career
- 2 U.S. House of Representatives (1995–1997)
- 3 Inter-congressional career (1997—2013)
- 4 U.S. House of Representatives (2013—Present)
- 5 2014 U.S. Senate election
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Early life, education, and business career
Stockman was born in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, outside Detroit. He graduated from Dondero High School in Royal Oak, Michigan. From 1985 to 1986, he attended San Jacinto College but dropped out because he suffered from what he called "partying syndrome". In 1977, when Stockman was twenty, police officers found valium in his possession after a girlfriend allegedly hid the substance in his clothes. He was charged with felony possession of a controlled substance, but the charge was later dropped. He was homeless for a time. He later turned around his life and became a born-again Christian. In 1990, he earned a bachelor's degree in accounting from the University of Houston–Clear Lake. He worked as a computer salesman in Friendswood, Texas.
U.S. House of Representatives (1995–1997)
Stockman's first run for Congress in March 1990 in Texas' 9th congressional district. The district, anchored by Beaumont and Galveston, had been represented by Democrat Jack Brooks since 1953. His primary challenger was Mayor Maury Meyers of Beaumont. Oliver North made appearances at two of Stockman's fundraisers, for which he was paid $25,000.
Meyers got 44.3% of the primary vote; Stockman, 41%. Since no candidate had a majority, there was a runoff election and, with the support of third place finisher Steve Clifford, Meyers beat Stockman to win the Republican nomination.
Stockman ran again in 1992 for the House in District 9. This time he was unopposed in the primary. The 1992 Republican National Convention was held in Houston in August of that year. Candidate Stockman organized a "congressional cruise" on the Houston Ship Channel as a fundraising opportunity, but no members of Congress attended. Democrat Brooks defeated him 56% to 44%.
His Democratic opponent in the general election was, as before, incumbent Jack Brooks. Initially the National Rifle Association (NRA) endorsed Brooks and even donated $5,000 to his cause, while the Gun Owners of America endorsed Stockman. However, a number of NRA members threatened to resign from the organization over the issue and the NRA withdrew their support for Brooks, remaining neutral in the race. In a major upset, Stockman beat Brooks, who, had he won, would have become Dean of the United States House of Representatives, by 51% to 49%.
Stockman ran unopposed in the 1996 Republican primary. In July a federal court ordered the boundaries of 13 Texas House districts to be redrawn because of racial gerrymandering, although Stockman's district was barely affected. Stockman won a plurality in the November election with 46%, forcing a runoff against Democratic Jefferson County assessor Nick Lampson in the runoff election. Lampson won the runoff election with 53% of the vote
In 1995, Stockman wrote an article for Guns & Ammo claiming that the Waco siege had been orchestrated by the Clinton administration in order "to prove the need for a ban on so-called 'assault weapons.'" He wrote further that "[h]ad Bill Clinton really been unhappy with what Attorney General Janet Reno ordered, he would not only have fired her, he would have had Reno indicted for premeditated murder." After the article was published, Stockman's office denied that he believed in Waco "conspiracy theories.".
In 1995, Stockman called for a Congressional investigation into Alfred Kinsey's 1948 study Sexual Behavior in the Human Male after learning that Kinsey had used data from the diary of a pedophile. Stockman believed that the allegations discredited current theories of sexual education in the United States, writing to his congressional colleagues that “[o]ur children have been taught that . . . any type of sex is a valid outlet for their emotions. They are taught that the problem with sex is not that it is wrong to engage in homosexual, bestial, underage, or premarital sex, but that it is wrong to do so without protection.”
- House Committee on Banking and Financial Services
- House Committee on Science
Inter-congressional career (1997—2013)
In 2006, he attempted to run as an Independent candidate for Texas's 22nd congressional district, Tom DeLay's former seat, but he failed to gather enough signatures to be placed on the ballot. However, Stockman did register for the special election to fill out the remainder of DeLay's term, one of five candidates. He finished third, with 10.75% of the vote.
During his time away from Congress, Stockman also cared for his father, who had Alzheimer's disease. The cost of caring for him meant that Stockman declared bankruptcy and, when his father's disease became too severe, Stockman moved him to a veteran's home. When his father died, Stockman decided to run for Congress in the 2012 elections.
U.S. House of Representatives (2013—Present)
In 2011 Stockman formed an exploratory committee, Friends of Steve Stockman, to consider a run for the 14th district seat being vacated by unsuccessful presidential candidate Ron Paul. Stockman instead ran in 2012 in the newly created 36th District, which includes his home in Friendswood. This district was drawn to be heavily Republican, and it was understood that whoever won the Republican primary would be the district's first congressman. In the May 29 primary, Stockman finished second in the first round, behind Stephen Vincent Takach (born c. 1962), a financial planner. Takach finished with 22 percent of the vote, far short of the 50 percent threshold required to win. Stockman won the July 31 runoff election, defeating Takach 55%-45% and thus assuring his return to Congress after a 16-year absence.
In 2013, Stockman was one of ten Republicans who didn't vote for John Boehner (R-OH) for Speaker of the House, but the only representative to vote "Present" as his protest vote. He also opposes the Affordable Care Act.
In January 2013, Stockman introduced “The Safe Schools Act,” a bill that would repeal federal laws mandating “gun free zones” around schools in the wake of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting which took place in the previous month. He said "I have one concern, protecting children from dangerous predators. By disarming qualified citizens and officials in schools we have created a dangerous situation for our children. In the 22 years before enactment of ‘gun free school zones’ there were two mass school shootings. In the 22 years since enactment of ‘gun free schools’ there have been 10 mass school shootings. Not only has the bill utterly failed to protect our children it appears to have placed them in danger.” The same month, Stockman issued a press release condemning gun control executive orders issued by President Barack Obama post-Sandy Hook, stating, "I will seek to thwart this action by any means necessary, including but not limited to eliminating funding for implementation, defunding the White House, and even filing articles of impeachment."
In February 2013, Stockman voted against the re-authorization of the Violence Against Women Act, objecting to provisions in the bill that expanded protections for transgendered victims of domestic violence. Stockman said, "This is helping the liberals, this is horrible. Unbelievable. What really bothers — it's called a women's act, but then they have men dressed up as women, they count that. Change-gender, or whatever. How is that — how is that a woman?"
- Committee on Foreign Affairs
- Committee on Science, Space and Technology
2014 U.S. Senate election
In early January 2014 a PAC associated with Cornyn, Texans for a Conservative Majority (TCM), ran at least $166,000 worth of negative campaign ads about Stockman. The ads recounted stories Stockman had told about himself in 1995 in interviews with the Houston Chronicle concerning his having been jailed "two or three times" and having been charged with felony possession of valium. On January 31, 2014, Stockman announced that he had filed a libel suit against TCM and said that "The Cornyn supporters have committed libel per se against me, falsely and maliciously accusing me of a felony. Of course, I have never been charged with or committed any such act, and these anonymous Cornyn supporters know it." On February 14, 2014, TCM responded by asserting that Stockman himself had repeatedly admitted the offenses in accounts published in the Dallas Morning News in 1995. According to the Houston Chronicle, TCM produced copies of documents from the police department of Madison Heights, Michigan, allegedly relating to Stockman's arrest. TCM also alleged that Stockman served one year of probation for the drug charge, which was reduced to a misdemeanor. TCM, represented by Houston attorney Dick DeGuerin, also asserted that Stockman had violated federal ethics rules, citing the allegation that the Federal Election Commission had fined Stockman $40,000 for issuing campaign literature disguised as newspapers in the 1990s.
On March 4, 2014, Stockman polled 250,759 votes (19.2 percent) in his bid for the Republican nomination for the Senate. He placed second in a field of eight candidates on the ballot. Cornyn received 778,967 votes (59.44 percent). On election night, Stockman quickly conceded and called upon Texas Republicans to vote the straight party ticket on November 4, 2014.
Meanwhile, two Republicans, Brian Babin and Ben Streusand, will compete in a Republican runoff election on May 27, 2014 for the party nomination to succeed Stockman in House District 36 in January 2015. Babin led the 12-candidate primary field with 17,167 votes (33.4 percent), and Streudand trailed with 12,009 votes (23.4 percent). The third-place candidate, John Manlove, finished far to the rear with 3,554 votes (6.9 percent). The ten candidates other than Babin and Streusand held nearly 44 percent of the primary ballots cast.
- "Stephen Stockman and Patti Ferguson, Married December 10, 1988". texasmarriagerecords.org. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
- Reiner, Anne (November 12, 2012). "Southern Baptist contingent in Congress grows". Erlc.com. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- Mimi Swartz (February 1996). "Congressman Clueless". Texas Monthly.
- Gillman, Todd. "In 1995, Stockman admitted jail time, felony charge. Today he denies that, accusing Cornyn allies of lying.". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
- Steve Stockman (R-Texas) Washington Post. Retrieved December 17, 2013
- John Gizzi, Steve Stockman Vies for 36th Texas District Seat, Human Events, July 7, 2012
- Christopher Hooks (December 20, 2013). "Steve Stockman Can't Lose". Politico.
- "Salesman, 33, to run for Brooks seat". Houston Chronicle. December 20, 1989. p. 26.
- Alan Bernstein (March 11, 1990). "Voter's Guide". Local candidates rush to replace outgoing incumbents. Houston Chronicle.
- Richard Stewart (March 15, 1990). "Primaries '90 - Rep. Brooks wins Dem contest; Meyers leads GOP opponent". Houston Chronicle.
- Sam Attlesey (February 3, 1990). "Iran-contra figure North appears at Hance fund-raisers". Dallas Morning News. "In addition to the fee he received for appearing with Mr. Hance, Mr. North also will receive $25,000 for joining Republican congressional candidate Steve Stockman on Saturday in Beaumont and Houston."
- "Loser backs Meyers in runoff". Houston Chronicle. March 16, 1990. p. A25.
- Mike Ward; Drew Parma (April 11, 1990). "Shine gets GOP nod in race for Congress". Austin American-Statesman. p. A9.
- "Voter's Guide". Unopposed Republican candidates. Houston Chronicle. March 1, 1992. p. 15.
- Alan Bernstein (August 23, 1992). "National convention continues to have ripple effect locally". Houston Chronicle. p. C2.
- "House of Representatives [Part 2 of 2]". Sacramento Bee. November 5, 1992. p. A16.
- Susan Warren (March 9, 1994). "Election '94/Bentsen, Clark in runoff/District 25 victor to face Fontenot". Houston Chronicle.
- "Rep. Brooks' long tenure in danger - The crime bill, his incumbency may sink the Democrat's bid for a 22nd term". Austin American-Statesman. October 22, 1994. p. A13.
- Ron Hutcheson (July 25, 1994). "Texan in line as House dean - Jack Brooks has reputation as in-your-face politician". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. p. 1.
- "State Results". Austin American-Statesman. November 9, 1994. p. A8.
- "Voter's Guide". Unopposed Republicans. Houston Chronicle. March 3, 1996. p. 16.
- Alan Bernstein (August 7, 1996). "The shape of things to come/Judges shift district lines/New races ordered this year for seats in Houston, Dallas". Houston Chronicle. "9th District:Few changes made; first-term conservative still running in a majority Democratic and Anglo district stretching from Galveston to Beaumont."
- Richard Stewart (November 7, 1996). "ELECTION '96/Stockman-Lampson runoff brawl may take place on national stage". Houston Chronicle. p. 34.
- Michael Graczyk (December 11, 1996). "Lampson, Brady, Bentsen win House seats in runoff election". Austin American-Statesman. p. A10.
- Sangillo, Gregg (November 1, 2012). "Texas, 36th House District". National Journal. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- Dana Milbank (January 17, 1999). "Sunday Magazine". Whatever Happened to the Class of 1994?: The right-wing firebrands who charged into Congress in 1994 launched the missile that impeached Bill Clinton. Now, more than a third of the renegades are out of office -- and those who remain are becoming Washington insiders. in out But it may have been a kamikaze mission. New York Times. p. 36.
- Holmes, Steven A. (May 13, 1995). "Terror in Oklahoma: In Congress; Congressman Calls Raid Near Waco A Clinton Plot". The New York Times. Retrieved February 1, 2014.
- Schmidt, Susan (May 13, 1995). "Rep. Stockman Says Raid On Cult Had Political Aim". The Washington Post. p. A08.
- Fisher, Marc (12 December 1995). "Critics: Sex Ed A Sham Since Kinsey Used Pedophile's Data". The Washington Post. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
- Sangillo, Gregg (1 November 2012). "Texas, 36th House District". National Journal. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Griffith, Pat (Feb 11, 1995). "Kaptur calls for date on Mexico bailout". Toledo Blade (Washington). p. 3. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "Washington Digest". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. November 8, 1995. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Woodruff, Betsy (March 18, 2013). "Back in the Saddle". National Review. Retrieved March 25, 2013.
- Texas, 36th House District National Journal. Retrieved December 17, 2013
- "Stockman fails to get enough names - Houston Chronicle". Chron.com. 2006-06-23. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- "Races with Candidates with Addresses Report" (PDF). Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved 2006-09-01.
- In re Stephen E. Stockman and Patti F. Stockman, case no. 02-33843-H3-7, U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas (Houston Div.); petition filed April 5, 2002; discharge granted Oct. 24, 2002; case closed Oct. 24, 2002.
- "Republican primary election returns, May 29, 2012". enr.sos.state.tx.us. Retrieved May 30, 2012.
- "Texas Congressional Primaries - Election Results". The New York Times. March 7, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
- "Texas general election returns, November 6, 2012". Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
- Blake, Aaron (January 3, 2013). "Who voted against Boehner for speaker and why?". Washington Post. Retrieved August 3, 2013.
- Kasperowicz, Pete (January 3, 2013). "Boehner reelected as Speaker; nine Republicans defect in vote - The Hill's Floor Action". Thehill.com. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- "Stockman introduces Audit The Fed Act, Safe Schools Act to repeal â€˜Gun Free School Zonesâ€™ - Your Houston News: News". Your Houston News. 2013-01-07. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- Stockman, Steve (January 14, 2013). "Obama's gun grab an unconstitutional threat to the nation" (Press release). Washington DC: House.gov. Retrieved 2013-01-18. "The White House’s recent announcement they will use executive orders and executive actions to infringe on our constitutionally-protected right to keep and bear arms is an unconstitutional and unconscionable attack on the very founding principles of this republic. I will seek to thwart this action by any means necessary, including but not limited to eliminating funding for implementation, defunding the White House, and even filing articles of impeachment."
- "Stockman named to Science, Foreign Affairs committees - The Vindicator: News". The Vindicator. 2013-01-10. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- Woodruff, Betsy. Stockman Will Primary Cornyn, National Review, December 9, 2013.
- Glueck, Katie (December 9, 2013). "In surprise, Steve Stockman challenges John Cornyn". Politico.
- Patricia Kilday Hart (January 9, 2014). "Stockman takes hard hits in ads by Cornyn PAC". Houston Chronicle.
- Todd J. Gillman (February 1, 2014). "In 1995, Stockman admitted jail time, felony charge. Today he denies that, accusing Cornyn allies of lying.". Dallas Morning News.
- Allan Turner, "PAC: Stockman himself admitted offenses," Feb. 15, 2014, page B2, Houston Chronicle.
- "Cornyn easily wins GOP nomination for US Senate," Associated Press, March 4, 2014, from KHOU-TV Houston, at .
- "Republican primary election returns, March 4, 2014". enr.sos.state.tx.us. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- "Texas 2014 Primary Results". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- "Mary Katherine Ham, "Cornyn crushes Stockman in Texas primary", March 4, 2014". hotair.com. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- Representative Steve Stockman official U.S. House site
- Steve Stockman for Congress
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Collected news and commentary at the Houston Chronicle
- Collected news and commentary at The Texas Tribune
- Campus Leadership Program at the Leadership Institute
- The Movement's Sympathetic Ears on Capitol Hill, Time, May 8, 1995
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 9th congressional district
|New constituency||Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 36th congressional district
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority