|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 36th district
January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||None (District established after 2010 Census)|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 9th district
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 1997
|Preceded by||Jack Brooks|
|Succeeded by||Nick Lampson|
|Born||Stephen Ernest Stockman
November 14, 1956
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
|Spouse(s)||Patti Ferguson Stockman (married 1988)|
|Residence||Clear Lake City (Greater Houston)|
|Alma mater||Dondero High School
|Website||Representative Steve Stockman|
Stephen Ernest "Steve" Stockman (born November 14, 1956) is an American politician who has been the United States Representative for Texas's 36th congressional district since 2013. A Republican, Stockman previously served as the U.S. Representative for Texas's 9th congressional district from 1995 to 1997. Stockman is running against Texas U.S. Senator John Cornyn in the 2014 Republican primary.
- 1 Early life, education, and business career
- 2 U.S. House of Representatives (1995–1997)
- 3 Inter-congressional career (1997—2013)
- 4 U.S. House of Representatives (2013—Present)
- 5 U.S. Senate campaign 2014
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Early life, education, and business career
Stockman was born in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan; outside Detroit. He graduated from Dondero High School in Royal Oak, Michigan. From 1985 to 1986, he attended San Jacinto College. In 1990, he earned a bachelor's degree from the University of Houston–Clear Lake. He was homeless for a time. He is a born-again Christian.
U.S. House of Representatives (1995–1997)
He first ran for the U.S. House of Representatives in 1990 against Democratic U.S. Representative Jack Brooks. Beaumont, Texas mayor Maury Meyers ranked first in the Republican primary with 45% of the vote, but failed to reach the 50% threshold. Stockman, who earned 41% of the vote, faced Meyers in a run-off. Meyers defeated Stockman 61%-39%. In the general election, Meyers lost to Brooks, 58%-42%.
Stockman ran again in 1992. This time, he was unopposed in the primary. Brooks defeated him 54%-43%.
The 1996 general election for Texas's 9th Congressional District was unusual. After the normal primaries had been held, the district boundaries of the 18th, 29th, and 30th districts were struck down as an unconstitutional racial gerrymander in Bush v. Vera, necessitating redistricting of the 3rd, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 18th, 22nd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 28th, and 30th Districts. Because the redistricting was held after the normal primaries, those results were discarded and new votes for these districts were held as special elections; open to all candidates without a primary, and requiring a majority to win the seat outright.
These elections were held concurrently with the November general election for other elective positions. Stockman ranked first with 46%, but needed 50% to win outright. He faced Jefferson County assessor Nick Lampson, a member of the Democratic Party, in the runoff election. Lampson won the runoff election 53%-47%.
A Houston Chronicle article reminds that "Stockman’s two years in Congress were marked by weirdness", such as an article in Guns & Ammo magazine that appeared under his byline in which he suggested the then-new Clinton administration raided the Branch Davidian compound in Waco on April 19, 1993, to justify a ban on assault weapons. He accused United States Attorney General Janet Reno of "premeditated murder". Stockman antagonized House Speaker Newt Gingrich by opposing the U.S. bailout of the Mexican peso.
- House Committee on Banking and Financial Services
- House Committee on Science
Inter-congressional career (1997—2013)
He was a faculty member who conducted training for the conservative Leadership Institute, a non-partisan educational organization based in Arlington, Virginia. He worked as director of the Leadership Institute's Campus Leadership Program 2005-07. Stockman has been involved with the Young Conservatives of Texas, and has represented the Republican National Committee at International Democrat Union meetings. He has received a 100 percent rating from the American Conservative Union. He is supported by Gun Owners of America and Citizens United, and conservative U.S. Representative Louie Gohmert of Tyler, Texas.
During his time away from Congress, Stockman cared for his father, who had Alzheimer's disease. The cost of caring for him meant that Stockman declared bankruptcy and, when his father's disease became too severe, Stockman moved him to a veteran's home. When his father died, Stockman decided to run for Congress in the 2012 elections.
1998 election for Railroad Commissioner
In 1998, Stockman was an unsuccessful Republican primary candidate for the Texas Railroad Commission. By a margin of 53% to 47%, he lost to Tony Garza, the choice of Governor George W. Bush. Garza then was elected to the Railroad Commission position but left midway in the term to become United States Ambassador to Mexico after George W. Bush was elected President.
2006 congressional election
In 2006, he attempted to run as an Independent candidate for Texas's 22nd congressional district, Tom DeLay's former seat, but he failed to gather enough signatures to be placed on the ballot. However, Stockman did register for the special election to fill out the remainder of the term for the district, one of five candidates. He came third with 10.75% of the vote.
U.S. House of Representatives (2013—Present)
In 2011 Stockman formed an exploratory committee, Friends of Steve Stockman, to consider a run for the 14th district seat being vacated by unsuccessful presidential candidate Ron Paul. Stockman instead ran in 2012 in the newly created 36th District, which includes his home in Friendswood. This district was drawn to be heavily Republican, and it was understood that whoever won the Republican primary would be the district's first congressman. In the May 29 primary, Stockman finished second in the first round behind Stephen Vincent Takach (born c. 1962), a financial planner who spent heavily from his own funds. Takach finished with 22 percent of the vote, far short of the 50 percent threshold required to win. Stockman won the July 31 runoff election, defeating Takach 55%-45%--thus assuring his return to Congress after a 16-year absence.
In the November 6 general election, Stockman defeated the Democrat Max Owen Martin (born 1946), a retired pilot from Clear Lake City, Texas. A supporter of U.S. President Barack Obama, Martin was unopposed for his party's congressional nomination. Stockman defeated Martin 71%-27%.
Stockman decided not to vote for John Boehner (R-OH) for Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. He was one of just ten Republicans to not vote for Boehner: Justin Amash, Steve Pearce, Jim Bridenstine, Ted Yoho, Paul Broun, Louie Gohmert, Walter Jones, Thomas Massie, Tim Huelskamp, Mick Mulvaney, and Raúl Labrador, but the only representative to vote "Present" as his protest vote. Stockman stated "I will not vote for or support Congressman Boehner’s bid to remain Speaker of the House. This is not something I do lightly, but out of bedrock conservative principle and a dire need to save this nation from its current course. We cannot tolerate betrayal of conservative principle and economic reality. I have known Congressman Boehner since I first came to the House in 1995. He is a decent man. But I have sharp disagreements with the manner in which he has handled President Obama and House conservatives. While he is all too eager to favorably negotiate with a liberal White House that has outmaneuvered him at every turn, he has been harsh and punitive in dealing with conservatives."
In January 2013, Stockman introduced “The Safe Schools Act,” a bill that would repeal federal laws mandating “gun free zones” around schools in the wake of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting which took place in the previous month. He said "I have one concern, protecting children from dangerous predators. By disarming qualified citizens and officials in schools we have created a dangerous situation for our children. In the 22 years before enactment of ‘gun free school zones’ there were two mass school shootings. In the 22 years since enactment of ‘gun free schools’ there have been 10 mass school shootings. Not only has the bill utterly failed to protect our children it appears to have placed them in danger.” The same month, Stockman issued a press release condemning gun control executive orders issued by President Barack Obama post-Sandy Hook, stating, "I will seek to thwart this action by any means necessary, including but not limited to eliminating funding for implementation, defunding the White House, and even filing articles of impeachment."
Stockman voted against the re-authorization of the Violence Against Women Act in February 2013, saying: "This is a truly bad bill. This is helping the liberals, this is horrible. Unbelievable. What really bothers—it's called a women's act, but then they have men dressed up as women, they count that. Change-gender, or whatever. How is that—how is that a woman?"
- Committee on Foreign Affairs
- Committee on Science, Space and Technology
U.S. Senate campaign 2014
- "Stephen Stockman and Patti Ferguson, Married December 10, 1988". texasmarriagerecords.org. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
- Reiner, Anne (2012-11-12). "Southern Baptist contingent in Congress grows". Erlc.com. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- Woodruff, Betsy. Stockman Will Primary Cornyn, National Review, December 9, 2013.
- Glueck, Katie (December 9, 2013). "In surprise, Steve Stockman challenges John Cornyn". Politico.
- Steve Stockman (R-Texas) Washington Post. Retrieved 17 December 2013
- John Gizzi, Steve Stockman Vies for 36th Texas District Seat, Human Events, 07/07/2012
- "TX District 9 - R Primary Race - Mar 13, 1990". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- "TX District 9 - R Runoff Race - Apr 10, 1990". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- "TX District 9 Race - Nov 6, 1990". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- "TX District 9 Race - Nov 03, 1992". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- "TX District 9 - R Primary Race - Mar 08, 1994". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- "TX District 9 Race - Nov 08, 1994". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- Bush v. Vera, 517 U.S. 952 (1996)
- "Race Summary Report: 1996 November Special Election". Office of the Secretary of State of Texas. November 5, 1996. Retrieved 2006-09-02.
- "Race Summary Report: 1996 Special Runoff Election". Office of the Secretary of State of Texas. December 10, 1996. Retrieved 2006-09-02.
- "Cult siege called ploy for gun ban". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. 12 May 1995. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Sangillo, Gregg (1 November 2012). "Texas, 36th House District". National Journal. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Griffith, Pat (Feb 11, 1995). "Kaptur calls for date on Mexico bailout". Toledo Blade (Washington). p. 3. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "Washington Digest". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. November 8, 1995. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Woodruff, Betsy (18 March 2013). "Back in the Saddle" (Press release). National Review. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- Texas, 36th House DistrictNational Journal. Retrieved 17 December 2013
- In re Stephen E. Stockman and Patti F. Stockman, case no. 02-33843-H3-7, U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas (Houston Div.); petition filed April 5, 2002; discharge granted Oct. 24, 2002; case closed Oct. 24, 2002.
- "Stockman fails to get enough names - Houston Chronicle". Chron.com. 2006-06-23. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- "Races with Candidates with Addresses Report" (PDF). Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved 2006-09-01.
- "Republican primary election returns, May 29, 2012". enr.sos.state.tx.us. Retrieved May 30, 2012.
- "Texas Congressional Primaries - Election Results". The New York Times. March 7, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
- "Your Friend & Neighbor for Over 25 Years". max4congress.com. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
- "Texas general election returns, November 6, 2012". Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
- Blake, Aaron (January 3, 2013). "Who voted against Boehner for speaker and why?". Washington Post. Retrieved 2013-08-03.
- Kasperowicz, Pete (January 3, 2013). "Boehner reelected as Speaker; nine Republicans defect in vote - The Hill's Floor Action". Thehill.com. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- "STOCKMAN TO VOTE NO ON SPEAKER BOEHNER | Re-Elect Congressman Stockman, Nov. 6!". Congressmanstevestockman.com. 2013-01-02. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- "Stockman introduces Audit The Fed Act, Safe Schools Act to repeal â€˜Gun Free School Zonesâ€™ - Your Houston News: News". Your Houston News. 2013-01-07. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- Stockman, Steve (January 14, 2013). "Obama's gun grab an unconstitutional threat to the nation" (Press release). Washington DC: House.gov. Retrieved 2013-01-18. "The White House’s recent announcement they will use executive orders and executive actions to infringe on our constitutionally-protected right to keep and bear arms is an unconstitutional and unconscionable attack on the very founding principles of this republic. I will seek to thwart this action by any means necessary, including but not limited to eliminating funding for implementation, defunding the White House, and even filing articles of impeachment."
- "Stockman named to Science, Foreign Affairs committees - The Vindicator: News". The Vindicator. 2013-01-10. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- Representative Steve Stockman official U.S. House site
- Steve Stockman for Congress
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Biography at Ballotpedia
- Biography at NNDB
- Biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Congressional profile at GovTrack
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Congressional profile at Roll Call
- Fact-checking at PolitiFact.com
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Financial information (federal office) at OpenSecrets.org
- Financial information (state office) at the National Institute for Money in State Politics
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Voting record at The Washington Post
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
- Collected news and commentary at the Houston Chronicle
- Collected news and commentary at The Texas Tribune
- Campus Leadership Program at the Leadership Institute
- The Movement's Sympathetic Ears on Capitol Hill, Time, May 8, 1995
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 9th congressional district
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 36th congressional district
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority