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His areas of research include the ancient Near East, the Hebrew Bible, the relation between religion and nationality, and Social and Political Philosophy.
His articles have appeared in journals such as Zeitschrift fur die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft, History of Religions, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Archives Europeennes de Sociologie, and Nations and Nationalism.
“Grosby asserts that the human tendency to form attachments to the image of the native land. . . suggests something fundamental about human conduct.” 
In his book Biblical Ideas of Nationality: Ancient and Modern, Grosby argues that the ideas of modern nationhood were already present in the Ancient Near East in places like Armenia, Edom, Egypt, and especially Biblical Israel, which later became the major model for European nation formation.
- Biblical Ideas of Nationality: Ancient and Modern (2002)
- Hans Freyer, Theory of Objective Mind: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Culture. Series in Continental Thought No. 25 (translation) (1998)
- Editor of two volumes of selected writings of Edward Shils, The Virtue of Civility (1997) and The Calling of Education (1997)
- Nationality and Nationalism—a four volume Reader, co-editor (2004)
- Nationalism: A Very Short Introduction Oxford University Press (2005)
Awards and honors
- "Steven Grosby". Clemson University Department of Philosophy & Religion. 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-07.