Steven K. Galson
|Steven K. Galson|
|Rear Admiral (ret) Steven Kenneth Galson|
|Acting Surgeon General of the United States|
1 October 2007 – 1 October 2009
|Preceded by||Kenneth P. Moritsugu|
|Succeeded by||Regina Benjamin|
Syracuse, New York, USA
Steven Kenneth Galson is an American public health physician. He is a retired rear admiral in the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps and public health administrator who served as the acting Surgeon General of the United States from October 1, 2007 – October 1, 2009. He served concurrently as acting Assistant Secretary for Health from January 22, 2009 to June 25, 2009, and as the Deputy Director and Director of the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research(CDER) at the Food and Drug Administration from 2001 to 2007. As the Acting Surgeon General, he was the commander of the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps and, while serving as the Assistant Secretary for Health, was the operational head of the Public Health Service.
Galson received his Baccalaureate Degree from Stony Brook University in 1978, an M.D. from the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in 1983, and an M.P.H. from the Harvard School of Public Health in 1990. He is Board Certified in General Preventive Medicine and Public Health as well as in Occupational Medicine.
From 1 October 2007 until 1 October 2009, Galson served as the Acting Surgeon General of the United States. As the nation’s top public health physician, the Surgeon General has two primary accountabilities: timely and effective communication of the best health information to the American people; and operational command of the Commissioned Corps of the United States Public Health Service, whose uniformed force of 6,500 health professional officers serve in over 600 duty locations around the world to promote, protect, and advance the health and safety of the people of the United States.
Between January and June, 2009 Galson was also the Acting Assistant Secretary for Health and led a Department-wide effort to prepare a plan for the $650 million Prevention and Wellness section of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and managed 12 core public health programs for HHS.
Galson launched the Healthy Youth for a Healthy Future Initiative in 2008, which brought national attention to the complex issue of childhood obesity prevention, and prompted hundreds of community-based actions visiting 38 states, and personally modeling healthy behaviors directly with children. In 2008, RADM Galson established and assumed the role of Chair of the Department of Health and Human Services Childhood Overweight and Obesity Council to coordinate and leverage the impact of departmental programs. Since its establishment, the Council has launched over 30 departmental partnerships and joint activities. To further leverage collaboration, Galson created partnerships with national foundations, other federal departments including the US Department of Agriculture and the Department of Defense (DoD), the US Navy, faith-based groups, and corporate America.
Galson convened the Surgeon General’s Workshop on pre-term birth in 2008, to jump-start national activities to reduce the incidence of these births. He published two Surgeon General’s Calls to Action: on Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism, to bring renewed attention and prevention efforts to a health problem that kills more than 100,000 Americans every year; and on how to Promote Healthy Homes, to bring attention to the connection between housing and health and outline a blueprint for national action.
Upon announcement of the H1N1 influenza virus, he helped educate professionals and families on the status of the spread of the virus and how best to protect themselves through national public service announcements, satellite media interviews and briefing the foreign press in partnership with the State Department. And under his leadership, the Medical Reserve Corps continued its growth, reaching 786 units and 170,000 volunteers around the country. More than 1000 active duty officers were deployed to confront the devastation of the 2008 hurricanes in the Gulf.
Galson furthered the nation’s evolution toward personalized medicine by releasing a new My Family Health Portrait a web-based tool to enable individuals and families to create, store and share their family health histories. He also highlighted the importance of preventing underage drinking, by visiting states to encourage local efforts on this persistent challenge. He created the Surgeon General’s Perspectives, a column in the journal Public Health Reports, and published eight columns on various prevention topics, bringing a leadership viewpoint to this widely read publication. In addition, Galson started a regular column for dieticians in the Journal of the American Dietetics Association, and published six columns on topics of interest to this profession.
Prior to his appointment as Acting Surgeon General, he served as the Director of the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In this role, RADM Galson oversaw CDER’s broad national and international programs in pharmaceutical regulation during a period of unprecedented scrutiny by Congress and outside groups. To that end, he initiated a landmark Institute of Medicine assessment of the US drug safety system and launched a broad action plan to address work culture challenges at CDER. He provided leadership for 2300 physicians, statisticians, chemists, pharmacologists other scientists, and administrators whose work promotes and protects public health by ensuring that safe and effective drugs are available to the American people.
Prior to his arrival at FDA, RADM Galson was the Director of the Office of Science Coordination and Policy, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, at the EPA. RADM Galson began his Public Health Service (PHS) career as an epidemiological investigator at the Centers for Disease Control after completing a residency in internal medicine at the Hospitals of the Medical College of Pennsylvania. He has held senior-level positions at the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Energy, where he was the Chief Medical Officer; and the Department of Health and Human Services.
Awards and honors
Galson is the recipient of numerous PHS awards, including the Robert Brutsche Award from the Commissioned Officers Association of the USPHS and the Founders Award from the Association of Military Surgeons of the US. He is also the recipient of three Secretary of Energy Gold Awards. Galson is member of the Institute of Medicine Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation and completed a term as member of the National Board of Medical Examiners in 2007. In 2009 Galson received a Distinguished Alumnus Award from Stony Brook University. 
- Biography and Genealogy Master Index. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, Cengage Learning. 1980- 2011.
- Marquis WHo's Who on the Web.
- Stony Brook Alumni Association (2008). "Rear Admiral Steven K. Galson, B.S., '78". Stony Brook University. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- Stony Brook University Press Release Retrieved November 23, 2009, 
- Office of Public Health and Science (4 January 2007). "Rear Admiral Steven K. Galson, M.D., M.P.H.". U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved 2008-01-17.