Steven L. Jordan
|Steven L. Jordan|
|Allegiance||, United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army Reserve|
|Years of service||1981–2009|
|Commands held||Joint Interrogation Debriefing Center at Abu Ghraib prison|
Defense Meritorious Service Medal
Meritorious Service Medal
Joint Service Commendation Medal
Army Commendation Medal
Army Achievement Medal
Steven L. Jordan (born 1956) is a retired United States Army Reserve Lieutenant Colonel. Jordan volunteered to return to active duty to support the war in Iraq, and as a civil affairs officer with a background in military intelligence, was made the director of the Joint Interrogation Debriefing Center at Abu Ghraib prison.
He is best known for his alleged involvement in the 2004 Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse. In 2007, he was put on trial for prisoner abuse but was declared innocent of the charges. He left the Army in 2009.
Taguba and Fay reports
In a report by Army Major General Antonio Taguba, Jordan was among several described as being "directly or indirectly responsible for the abuses at Abu Ghraib". Jordan supervised the interrogation task force at Abu Ghraib, and was the second highest-ranking military intelligence officer there, serving under Col. Thomas Pappas who was granted immunity from prosecution so that he can testify against Jordan.  On April 28, 2006, Jordan became the highest ranking Army officer to face charges relating to the Abu Ghraib abuse when charges were filed against him, including oppressing detainees, lying about abuse, and dereliction of duty.
Major General George Fay and Lieutenant General Anthony Jones were appointed to look into the abuse at Abu Ghraib. A number of findings were made in their investigative report, with recommendations the authorities should take against the officers and enlisted soldiers implicated in the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse, including Jordan. The report alleged that Jordan failed to properly train Soldiers and civilians on the ICRP, failed to take full responsibility for his role as the Director, JIDC, failed to establish the necessary checks and balances to prevent and detect abuses, was derelict in his duties by failing to establish order on the night of 24 November 2003 contributing to a chaotic situation in which detainees were abused, failed to prevent the unauthorized use of dogs and prisoners being kept naked while he was the senior officer at the site, failed to accurately and timely relay critical information to his commander, COL Pappas, and was allegedly deceitful during the investigation. The report also charged that Jordan failed to obey a lawful order to refrain from contacting anyone except his attorney regarding the investigation by soliciting support by email from others who were involved in the investigation.
In 2007, Jordan was tried by court martial on charges of failure to obey regulations, cruelty and maltreatment of detainees, dereliction of duty, making a false official statement, obstruction of justice, and discussing the investigation with others when ordered not to do so. On August 20, 2007, the presiding judge at Jordan's court martial dismissed two charges against him after Major General George Fay admitted that he did not read Jordan his rights before interviewing him in reference to the abuses that had taken place. This admission contradicted his sworn testimony at a March 12, 2007 pretrial hearing in which he testified under oath that he had advised Jordan of his rights. The charges dismissed were making a false official statement and false swearing and obstruction of justice. On the same day prosecutors narrowed the scope of the cruelty and maltreatment charge from a three-month period to one day. Jordan was only tried on this charge based on the events of November 24, 2003 during a weapons search.
Jordan asserted he was a scapegoat "because he is a reservist, is considered expendable". It was his belief that interrogation procedures were the responsibility of Colonel Thomas Pappas, the intelligence brigade commander and highest-ranking officer at Abu Ghraib, and Captain Carolyn Wood, leader of a unit within the interrogation center called the Interrogation Command Element. Neither of these two officers has been charged, although Pappas was fined $8,000 for approving the use of dogs during an interrogation without higher approval. During the trial, witnesses for the prosecution appeared to support some of Jordan's claims. Pappas testified that Jordan's responsibilities involved improving the quality of life for soldiers at the base and "improving the flow of intelligence information". He admitted that he advised Jordon to "let the experienced interrogators run the interrogations." Pappas also testified that Jordan was not in charge of the military police who ran the prison and who were responsible for some of the abuses. He further stipulated that military police were in charge of the November 24, 2003 weapons search which he had personally observed, and found no issues with. Other soldiers testified that Jordon was not present during any of the abuses. 
On August 28, 2007, Jordan was convicted of disobeying an order not to discuss a 2004 investigation into the allegations, but found innocent on all other charges. The next day on August 29, 2007, a military judge issued Jordan a reprimand for disobeying the order. On review on January 8, 2008, Jordan's conviction and sentence were dismissed by Major General Richard J. Rowe, commanding general of the Military District of Washington. Rowe issued Jordan an administrative reprimand questioning Jordan's decision to disobey Fay's order not to communicate with anyone other than his attorneys during Fay's investigation.
Jordan received the following awards, service medals, and ribbons during his service in the Army: Purple Heart, Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, Joint Service Commendation Medal, Army Commendation Medal, Army Achievement Medal, Good Conduct Medal, Joint Meritorious Unit Award, Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal, National Defense Service Medal, Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal, Iraq Campaign Medal, Global War on Terror Service Medal, Korea Defense Service Medal, Armed Forces Service Medal, Humanitarian Service Medal, Armed Forces Reserve Medal, Army Service Ribbon, Overseas Service Ribbon, Army Reserve Components Overseas Training Ribbon and the NATO Medal.
- Mark Benjamin (April 29, 2006). "First officer is charged in Abu Ghraib scandal". Salon. Retrieved 2007-01-27.
- Bill Hess (May 8, 2004). "Former fort soldiers implicated in Iraqi prisoner abuse investigation". Sierra Vista Herald. Retrieved 2007-01-27.[dead link]
- Richard A. Serrano, Mark Mazzetti (January 13, 2006). "Charges Sought Against Officer at Abu Ghraib". mirror of Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 27, 2007.
- Ann Scott Tyson (April 29, 2006). "Army officer charged in Abu Ghraib prison abuse". Seattle Post Intelligencer. Retrieved 2007-01-27.
- "Investigation of the Abu Ghraib Detention Facility and 205th Military Intelligence Brigade (.pdf)". US Department of Defense. August 25, 2004. Archived from AR 15-6 the original on November 2, 2006. Retrieved January 27, 2007.
- "Army Drops Charges in Abu Ghraib Case". Associated Press via Military.com. 2007-08-21. Retrieved 2007-08-22.
- Josh White (2007-08-22). "Officer's Role at Abu Ghraib Played Down". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-08-24.
- Dana Milbank (2007-08-23). "Humiliation at Abu Ghraib, and Then at the Prosecution Table". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-08-24.
- David Dishneau (2007-08-23). "Gen.’s memory at issue in Abu Ghraib case". Army Times. Retrieved 2007-08-24.
- David Dishneau (2007-08-23). "Defense wraps up in Abu Ghraib trial". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved 2007-08-26.[dead link]
- Josh White (2007-08-28). "Abu Ghraib Officer Cleared of Detainee Abuse". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-08-28.
- Josh White (2007-08-30). "Reprimand Is Sentence For Officer at Abu Ghraib". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-08-30.
- Josh White (2008-01-10). "Army Officer Is Cleared in Abu Ghraib Scandal". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-01-11.